Jonas Gustav Vilhelm Zander (March 29, 1835 in Stockholm – June 17, 1920) was a Swedish physician, orthopedist and one of the originators of mechanotherapy. He is known for inventing a therapeutic method of exercise carried out by means of a special apparatus. He began his work in 1860s and established Zander Institute in London.
Controversy In the 1970s Arthur Jones, a bodybuilding "scientist," made discoveries of bodybuilding which he called HIT or "High Intensity Training." High Intensity Training was perfected with the help of Dr. Ellington Darden and others and it focused on muscle failure attained by high weight, low repetition, negative oriented (negative meaning the down motion in a workout), intensive workouts. These workouts were focused on isolating certain muscles. Arthur Jones invented machines to aid these routines; these machines are known as Nautilus. Nautilus workout machines proved to be very similar to Gustav Zander's exercising machines of the late 19th century; but Jones insists that he made these discoveries without any knowledge of Zander's discoveries:
"So, in attempts to improve my exercise results, I designed and built a total of about twenty very sophisticated exercise machines, then believing that these were the first exercise machines ever built by anybody. But many years later, I learned that a doctor named Gustav Zander had designed and built a number of exercise machines in Europe nearly a hundred years before I built my first one; I did not copy Zander's work and learned nothing from him, was not even aware of his work until long after I had made the same discoveries that he had made. But if I had known about, and understood, Zander's work, it would have saved me a lot of time and a rather large fortune in money, because the man was a genius; his only problem was that he lived about a century ahead of his time, at a time when very few people cared about exercise and even fewer knew anything about it."2
- "Dr. Gustav Zander". Studio Uma. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- Brian D. Johnston. "An Interview with Arthur Jones". Retrieved 10 June 2012.
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