Gustave Malécot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gustave Malécot
Born (1911-12-28)December 28, 1911
Died November, 1998
Residence France
Nationality French
Fields Mathematician
Institutions Lyceé de Saint-Étienne
Université de Montpellier
Université de Lyon
Alma mater École Normale Supérieure, Paris
Doctoral advisor George Darmois
Known for Work on Population genetics

Gustave Malécot (December 28, 1911 — November 1998) was a French mathematician whose work on heredity had a strong influence on population genetics.

Biography[edit]

Malécot grew up in L'Horme, a small village near St. Étienne in the Loire département, the son of a mine engineer.

In 1935, Malécot obtained a degree in mathematics from the École Normale Supérieure, Paris. He then went on to do a PhD under George Darmois and completed that in 1939. His work focused on R.A. Fisher's 1918 article The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance.

Between 1940 and 1942, with France under Nazi German occupation, Malécot taught mathematics at the Lyceé de Saint-Étienne. In 1942 he was appointed maître de conférence (lecturer) Université de Montpellier. In 1945 he joined the Université de Lyon, becoming professor of applied mathematics in 1946, a position he held until his retirement in 1981.

Malécot's Coancestry Coefficent, a measure of genetic similarity, still bears his name.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gustave Malécot, The mathematics of heredity, Freeman & Co 1969, ISBN 0-7167-0678-4 (translated from the French edition, 1948)

References[edit]

  • Epperson, Bryan K. (1999). Gustave Malécot, 1911–1998: Population Genetics Founding Father. Genetics 152, 477-484. link to article
  • Nagylaki, Thomas (1989). Gustave Malécot and the transition from classical to modern population genetics. Genetics 122, 253–268. link to article
  • Slatkin, Montgomery & Veuille, Michel (Eds.) (2002). Modern developments in theoretical population genetics: the legacy of Gustave Malécot. Oxford : Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-859963-3.

External links[edit]