Gustavo Marín, a Chilean-French economist and sociologist, is noted in particular for his key role in the creation and development of the longstanding international network, the Alliance for a Responsible, Plural and United World. Since 2007, he has been Director of the world-governance think tank, the Forum for a new World Governance (FnWG).
- 1 MIR leader and detention by Pinochet's military regime
- 2 A political refugee in France
- 3 Works in 1988 and 1991
- 4 International solidarity network and the World Social Forum
- 5 Worldwide publication of his personal and political accounts
- 6 Other activities and new world-governance think tank
- 7 See also
- 8 References and footnotes
- 9 External links
MIR leader and detention by Pinochet's military regime
Of Quechua and Aymara descent, he was a student at the School of Sociology of the Catholic University until 1970. He quit school to live with the Mapuche people in southern Chile, where he was one of the main organizers of a widespread movement to recover land that had been taken away from the Mapuche communities by colonizers. He was a leader of the left-wing revolutionary movement Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR) until Pinochet’s September 11, 1973 military coup. He was an active underground resistant to the military regime until April 1974, when he was captured by the military intelligence services. He was detained for several months in the secret jails of the dictatorship then sentenced to a 20-year prison term by a military court. He was adopted by Amnesty International and other Human Rights organizations, which allowed him to be evacuated to France in November 1976.
A political refugee in France
As a political refugee in France, he began working in 1977 as a telephone installer, while pursuing his higher education. He obtained a PhD in Economics from the University of Paris 8. From 1983 to 1986 he worked in the Development Department of the Cimade. He returned to Chile through Argentina in 1986. There, he worked at PRIES-CONO SUR (South Cone Regional Social and Economic Research Program, a research network in economic, social, and political fields), as Coordinator of research centers, universities, labor unions, and NGOs in Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Uruguay.
Works in 1988 and 1991
During this period, he published the following books, widely used as sources in academic works:
- Los grupos transnacionales y la crisis, Editorial Nueva América, Buenos Aires, 1988.
- Estado autoritario, deuda externa y grupos económicos, with Patricio Rozas, Ediciones Chile América CESOC, Santiago, 1988.
- El endeudamiento bancario de los grupos económicos, su incidencia en la crisis de pagos y las políticas des Estado de Chile, with Patricio Rozas, PRIES CONO SUR, Santiago, 1988.
- El mapa de la extrema riqueza: 10 años después, with Patricio Rozas, Ediciones Chile América CESOC, Santiago, 1989.
- "Chile Hacia el Siglo XXI: Crisis del Capitalismo y Recomposición de las clases sociales," Documentos de Trabajo no. 43, PRIES CONO SUR, Santiago, 1991.
International solidarity network and the World Social Forum
In 1992, he returned to France and worked as Head of the Future of the Planet Program at the Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation for the Progress of Humankind, an independent foundation instituted under Swiss law and based in Paris. He has been Head of Programs at the same foundation since 2002. He was one of the organizers of the Alliance for a Responsible, Plural and United World and was a founding member of the International Council of the World Social Forum.
Worldwide publication of his personal and political accounts
His Relatos íntimos de José Peralta, a personal account of his political activity and detainment, was published in Chile by Ediciones Tiempo Nuevo in 2003 and re-edited by Ediciones AYUN in 2009. It has been translated:
- into Portuguese, published in Brazil by Escrituras in 2003
- into English, published in India by Pipal Tree in 2004 as Singing in the Prison Shower
- into Chinese, published by Xinhua Press in 2006, and
- into French, published in Morocco by Tarik Editions in 2007 as Résistance et Espoir au Chili 1973 - 2007.
Other activities and new world-governance think tank
Gustavo Marín has organized seminars and conferences on themes related to democracy, civil society, and governance in China, India, Iran, Lebanon, Mauritania, Rwanda, South Africa, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, France, Spain, among other countries.
- 1973 Chilean coup d'état
- Amnesty International
- Global governance
- Revolutionary Left Movement (Chile)
- World Social Forum
References and footnotes
- Mallon, F.E. (2005). Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicolás Ailío and the Chilean State, 1906-2001. Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-3585-9, p. 173 Check
- Some authors mention appreciation of Gustavo Marín's work in general, such as M. Arruda and P. Lenny, in Arruda, M. and P. Lenny (2000). External debt: Brazil and the International Finance Crisis. Pluto Press in association with Christian Aid and Transnational Institute (TNI). ISBN 0-7453-1682-4, p. 91 Check
- Petras, J.F. and M.H. Morley (1990). US Hegemony under Siege: Class, Politics, and Development in Latin America. Verso (original from the University of Michigan). ISBN 0-86091-280-9, p. 248 Check
- Whitehead, L. (2002). Emerging Market Democracies: East Asia and Latin America. JHU Press. ISBN 0-8018-7219-7, p. 98 Check
|isbn=value (help).; Schneider, C.L. (1995). Shantytown protest in Pinochet's Chile. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-306-X, p. 242 Check
|isbn=value (help).; Schamis, H.E. (2002). Re-forming the State: The Politics of Privatization in Latin America and Europe. University of Michigan Press, p. 63. ISBN 0-472-08850-5.; Oppenheim, L.H. (1999). Politics in Chile: Democracy, Authoritarianism, and the Search for Development. Westview Press (original from the University of Virginia). ISBN 0-8133-3565-5, pp. 158 and 288 Check
|isbn=value (help).; Saha, S.K. and D. Parker (2002). Globalisation and Sustainable Development in Latin America: Perspectives on the New Economic Order. Edward Elgar (original from the University of California). ISBN 1-84064-373-0, p. 189 Check
- Petras, J.F., F.I. Leiva and H. Veltmeyer (1994). Democracy and Poverty in Chile: The Limits to Electoral Politics. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-8217-3, pp. 197 and 181 Check
- The World Social Forum (WSF), designed as a collective experience, does not approve of showcasing individuals as such. There is no official list of persons "responsible" for the WSF, nor of its International Council, but references to Gustavo Marín are abundant in the WSF Web site as contributor of analyses and proposals, as well as in works or articles on the WSF, such as: Böök, Mikael (2007). "Librarians and the World Social Forum, Unite!". Information for Social Change. ; Martins, A. (2005) "WSF debate: The dream and its fabric". Global Action Database. ; Sen, J. (2004). World Social Forum: Challenging Empires. Viveka Foundation. ISBN 81-88251-17-8, pp. 310 and 385 Check
|isbn=value (help).; World Social Forum Memory Project. Mr. Marín has otherwise often been quoted in news reports on WSF events, such as in: PANA (2007), "Le forum social du Maghreb pourrait avoir lieu en février 2008 à Nouakchott", in the Mauritanian online news agency Mauritanie-Web.com, February 12; Piro, P. (2008), "En Mauritanie, la société civile monte au front", in the French weekly Politis, January 31; and in El Ghazi, F. (2009), "Deuxième édition du Forum social: Montée en force des altermondialistes marocains", in the Moroccan daily L'Économiste, April 10.
- Marín is mentioned, for instance, as organizer of the First World Summit of Migrants in 2007 held in Morelia, Mexico, in the online newsmag MiMorelia.com on May 14, 2007.
- His involvement with civil-society movements in the Middle East, for instance, led him to be part of a group of human-rights activists protesting Israeli Defense Force operations, as reported by Gelfond, L. (2002), "Foreign rights activists protest IDF restrictions", in Jerusalem Post, April 15.
- Short selection of articles by Gustavo Marín on the Internet
- "A World Alliance against Social Apartheid" (1995). Forum for a new World Governance.
- "Some Day, We Will Dismantle the Wall. Some Day, We Will Open the Big Avenues Again" (2004). Alliance for a Responsible, Plural and United World.
- "Reforming the United Nations and Redefining Politics", with P. Calame (2005). World Social Forum.
- "Letter to Michelle Bachelet" (2006). Alternatives.
- "A People, United, Will Never Be Defeated!" (2006). Alliance for a Responsible, Plural and United World.
- "Inventing a New World Governance Now", with Arnaud Blin (2009). Forum for a new World Governance.