Gustavus Adolphus Day

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Gustavus Adolphus Day
Gustav Adolfsbakelse.jpg
Gustavus Adolphus pastry, a pastry eaten on Gustavus Adolphus Day
Observed by Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lutherans
Significance Anniversary of the death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden at the Battle of Lützen (1632)
Date November 6
Next time 6 November 2014 (2014-11-06)
Frequency annual
Related to Finnish Swedish Heritage Day
Window dressing for Gustavus Adolphus Day 2012 at a Stockholm bakery

Gustavus Adolphus Day (Swedish: Gustav Adolfsdagen) is celebrated in Sweden and some other countries on November 6 in memory of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, who was killed on that date (old style) in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen in the Thirty Years' War.[1][2][3] According to the Gregorian calendar, the king died on 16 November, but the Julian calendar ("old style") was still used in Protestant Sweden at the time and the same date is still used now. The day is a general flagging day in Sweden[4] and in Finland.[5]

The date has been observed since soon after the king's death and has been celebrated in its present form since the early 19th century. Sjättenovembervägen ("Sixth November Road") in Stockholm is named for this day.

Gustavus Adolphus Day is celebrated in Sweden, Estonia and Finland,[6] which all were parts of the Swedish realm in the time of the king. It is also celebrated by some Lutherans in other countries too.[7] On the other hand, it is not generally celebrated in Scania in southern Sweden,[citation needed] since Scania was part of Denmark at the time and Gustavus Adolphus waged war on Denmark.

The celebration is especially popular in Gothenburg, which was founded by this king,[8] and in Uppsala, where he donated considerable funding to the university.

A special pastry is eaten on the day, the Gustavus Adolphus pastry[9] with no standard recipe but always a chocolate or marzipan relief of that king on top.[8] It was first created in the 1890s[8] or in 1909[10] and, like the day itself, is particularly popular in Gothenburg.

In Finland, the day is celebrated as svenska dagen or ruotsalaisuuden päivä, "The Swedish Day", and is a customary flagging day. In Estonia, the day is known as Gustav Adolfi päev. In all three countries, 6 November is the name day for Gustav Adolf (the local modern spelling in Swedish of Gustavus Adolphus's name)[11][12] or Kustaa Aadolf (the local modern spelling in Finnish of his name).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steve Wilson. "The genius of Sweden’s ‘Lion of the North’". Military History Online. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "In Memory of a Great Man". Spokane Daily Chronicle (scanned by Google). 4 November 1901. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Swedish Festival Calendar". Swedish Language Training London. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Flag days - Sweden". Flags of the World. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "Flying the Flag". Finnish Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "In celebration: Gustavus Adolphus Day". Field Marshal Bean (a history student's personal blog). Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Rev. Dr. Albert B. Collver (7 November 2011). "Feast of Gustavus Adolphus, King and Martyr, 1632". Witness, Mercy, Life Together; The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "Gustav Adolfs-bakelsens historia" (in Swedish). Danska wienerbageriet. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  9. ^ ifood.tv. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  10. ^ "Gustav Adolf-bakelsen 100 år" (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. 2009-11-05. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  11. ^ "Swedish namedays in Finland". Vardsvenska. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Swedish namedays in Sweden". Vardsvenska. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Finnish namedays". Vardsvenska. Retrieved 20 February 2014.