Gustavus Adolphus Day
||It has been suggested that Gustavus Adolphus Pastry be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since February 2014.|
|Gustavus Adolphus Day|
Gustavus Adolphus pastry, a pastry eaten on Gustavus Adolphus Day
|Observed by||Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lutherans|
|Significance||Anniversary of the death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden at the Battle of Lützen (1632)|
|Next time||6 November 2014|
|Related to||Finnish Swedish Heritage Day|
Gustavus Adolphus Day (Swedish: Gustav Adolfsdagen) is celebrated in Sweden and some other countries on November 6 in memory of king Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, who was killed on that date (old style) in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen in the Thirty Years' War. According to the Gregorian calendar, the king died on 16 November, but the Julian calendar ("old style") was still used in Protestant Sweden at the time and the same date is still used now. The day is a general flagging day in Sweden and in Finland.
The date has been observed since soon after the king's death and has been celebrated in its present form since the early 19th century. Sjättenovembervägen ("Sixth November Road") in Stockholm is named for this day.
Gustavus Adolphus Day is celebrated in Sweden, Estonia and Finland, which all were parts of the Swedish realm in the time of the king. It is also celebrated by some Lutherans in other countries too. On the other hand, it is not generally celebrated in Scania in southern Sweden, since Scania was part of Denmark at the time and Gustavus Adolphus waged war on Denmark.
A special pastry is eaten on the day, the Gustavus Adolphus pastry with no standard recipe but always a chocolate or marzipan relief of that king on top. It was first created in the 1890s or in 1909 and, like the day itself, is particularly popular in Gothenburg.
In Finland, the day is celebrated as svenska dagen or ruotsalaisuuden päivä, "The Swedish Day", and is a customary flagging day. In Estonia, the day is known as Gustav Adolfi päev. In all three countries, 6 November is the name day for Gustav Adolf (the local modern spelling in Swedish of Gustavus Adolphus's name) or Kustaa Aadolf (the local modern spelling in Finnish of his name).
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