Guty (help·info) (Polish: ) is a village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It was a separate municipality but it became a part of the town of Třinec in 1980. It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia. It has a population of 762 (1 January 2008). A large part of the population of Guty is Polish.
The settlement was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Gutha. It meant that the village was in the process of location (the size of land to pay tithe from was not yet precised). The creation of the village was a part of a larger settlement campaign taking place in late 13th century on the territory of what will be later known as Upper Silesia.
Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen. In 1563 a local Lutherans built a wooden church. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings) in the region by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 23 March 1654.
The first wooden school in Guty was built in 1775, it was a Protestant school. It served as a school until 1866. In that year a new school was built, with a tower and a bell. It served as a school until 1903. The last Polish school in Guty was built in 1903 and served until 1973. In 1923, the first Czech school was built, it served until 1973. There are currently no schools in the village, so the local children, both Polish and Czech, attend schools in Oldřichovice or Třinec.
- Počet obyvatel k 1.1.2008. Správní oddělení města Třince, 2008.
- Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5.
- Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau.
- "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- Hosák et al. 1970, 234.
- Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7.
- Kubacz 2001, 151.
- Hosák, Ladislav; Šrámek, Rudolf (1970). Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, A-L. Praha: Academia.
- Kubacz, Adam (2001). "Wpływ reform terezjańskich i józefińskich na rozwój szkolnictwa na Śląsku Cieszyńskim". In Janusz Spyra. Książka – biblioteka – szkoła w kulturze Śląska Cieszyńskiego. Materiały z konferencji naukowej Cieszyn 4-5 listopada 1999. Cieszyn: Książnica Cieszyńska, Zarząd Główny Macierzy Ziemi Cieszyńskiej, Społeczny Komitet Budowy Pomnika Ks. Leopolda Jana Szersznika. ISBN 83-902888-8-5.
- Londzin, Józef (1932). Kościoły drewniane na Śląsku Cieszyńskim. Cieszyn: Dziedzictwo błog. Jana Sarkandra. pp. 92–97. OCLC 297540848.
- Myrdacz, Jan (January 2007). "Dzieje szkolnictwa w Gutach". Zwrot: 24.
- Zahradnik, Stanisław; Ryczkowski, Marek (1992). Korzenie Zaolzia. Warszawa - Praga - Trzyniec: PAI-press. OCLC 177389723.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guty.|