|Nickname(s): City of Eastern Light, City of Eastern Astrology, City of Temples, Gateway of the North-East India|
|District||Kamrup Metropolitan district|
|• Body||GMC, GMDA|
|• Mayor||Abir Patra (INC)|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Shri Ashutosh Agnihotri, IAS|
|Elevation||55.5 m (182.1 ft)|
|Population (2011 (cencus))|
|• Official||Assamese, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||+91 - (0) 361 - XX XX XXX|
|Vehicle registration||AS-01 (Guwahati) / AS-25 (Dispur)|
|Planning agency||GMC, GMDA|
Guwahati (i//; Assamese: গুৱাহাটী), Pragjyotishpura (প্ৰাগজ্যোতিষপুৰ) and Durjaya (দুৰ্জয়) in ancient Assam (Kamrup), Gauhati in the modern era — is an ancient urban area, largest city of Assam and northeastern India. It is one of the fastest developing cities in India and is a major city in Eastern India, often referred as "Gateway of North Eastern Region" of the country.
Prāgjyotishpura (city of eastern light/city of eastern astrology), and Durjaya (impregnable), were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa under Varman's and Pala's respectively. Many ancient Hindu temples are in the city, so also known as the "The City of Temples." Dispur, the capital of the Indian state of Assam is in the city and is the seat of the Government of Assam.
The city is between the banks of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west and the town of Narengi to the east. It is gradually being expanded as North Guwahati to the northern bank of the Brahmaputra.The famous heritage Madan Kamdev is situated 30 km away from Guwahati. This heritage is same as Khajuraho. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation, the city's local government, administers an area of 216 km², while the Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority, the planning and development administers an area of 254 km².
Guwahati is the major commercial and educational hub of North-East India and is home to institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati and other premier institutions like Gauhati University and Cotton College. The city is a major center for cultural activities and sports in the North Eastern region and for the administrative and political activities of Assam. The city is an important regional hub for transportation.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Climate
- 4 Urban morphology
- 5 Governance
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Economy
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Transport
- 10 Education and health facilities
- 11 Sports
- 12 Media
- 13 Places of interest
- 14 See also
- 15 Notable People Born
- 16 Notes
- 17 References
- 18 External links
The name Guwahati is two Assamese words: 'guwa' (areca nut) and 'haat' (market place). The name used to be spelled as Gowhatty (pre-colonial and colonial), anglicized to Gauhati (colonial-British), which was then changed to the present form in the late 1980s to conform to the local pronunciation
Guwahati's myths and history go back several thousands of years. Although the date of the city's beginning is unknown, references in the epics, Puranas, and other traditional histories, lead many to assume that it is one of the ancient cities of Asia.
Epigraphic sources place the capitals of many ancient kingdoms in Guwahati. It was the capital of the kings Narakasura and Bhagadatta according to the Mahabharata. The ancient sakti temple of Goddess Kamakhya in Nilachal hill (an important seat of Tantric and Vajrayana Buddhism), the ancient and unique astrological temple Navagraha in Chitrachal Hill, and archaeological remains in Basista and other locations support the mythological assertions of the city's ancient past.
The Ambari excavations trace the city to the 6th century AD. It was known as Pragjyotishpura and Durjaya in different periods and was the capital under the Varman Dynasty and the Pala dynasties of the Kamarupa kingdom. Descriptions by Xuanzang (Hiuen Tsang) reveal that during the greatest Varman king Bhaskar Varman (7th century AD), the city stretched for about 30 li (15 km) and was probably the principal base for his strong naval force (30,000 war-boats, with officers who were knowledgeable of the sea-routes from the Indian Ocean to China - Xuanzang). The city remained as the capital of Assam till the 10th-11th century AD under the rulers of the Pala dynasty. Excavations in Ambari and the brick walls and houses excavated during construction of the present Cotton College's auditorium suggest that it was a city of great size with economic and strategic importance until the 9th-11th century AD.
During medieval times between the 12th and 15th centuries AD, after the destruction of the Kamata kingdom, the city lost its earlier glory and became mainly a strategic outpost of the Koch Hajo and Ahom kingdom. When the western part of the Koch Kingdom (Koch Bihar) fell to the Mughals, the eastern half (Koch Hajo) eventually became a protectorate of Ahom. Although the border between the powers (Ahoms and Mughals) fluctuated between the Kartoya river (now in North Bengal) to the Manas and Barnadi rivers, Guwahati remained an important outpost.
The city was the seat of the Borphukan, the civil military authority of the Lower Assam region appointed by the Ahom kings. The Borphukan's residence was in the present Fancy Bazaar area, and his council-hall, called Dopdar, was about 300 yards (270 m) to the west of the Bharalu stream. The Majindar Baruah, the personal secretary of the Borphukan, had his residence in the present-day deputy commissioner's residence.(Baruah 1992:200–201)
The Mughals invaded Assam seventeen times and they were defeated by the Ahoms in Battle of Itakhuli and Battle of Saraighat. The Battle of Saraighat fought in Saraighat in 1671 is the most well-known of all those battles; the Mughals were overrun due to the strong leadership and hard work of Lachit Borphukan. There was an ancient boat yard in Brahmaputra, probably used by the Ahoms in medieval times. Moreover, there are many tanks, temples, ramparts, etc. in the city.
A new cantilever bridge across river Brahmaputra has been planned to link North Guwahati.
|Climate data for Guwahati|
|Record high °C (°F)||28.8
|Average high °C (°F)||23.6
|Average low °C (°F)||10.3
|Record low °C (°F)||4.7
|Rainfall mm (inches)||11.9
|Avg. rainy days||1.8||2.9||5.8||13.1||17.0||19.6||22.3||18.5||15.2||7.4||2.8||1.3||127.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||226.3||214.7||220.1||201.0||192.2||132.0||124.0||161.2||138.0||204.6||231.0||232.5||2,277.6|
|Source #1: World Meteorological Organization., NOAA (extremes & humidity, 1971-1990) |
|Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.|
The lowest temperature ever recorded was 5.4°C on January 7, 1983.
Guwahati's 'urban form' is somewhat like a starfish. With a core in the central areas, the city has tentacles extending in the form of growth corridors towards south, east and west. In the past few decades, southern Guwahati areas such as Ganeshguri, Beltola, Panjabari, Jatia, Kahilipara, etc., began forming a southern sub-center surrounding the capital complex at Dispur, principally depending on the GS Road corridor.
The core area consists of the old city with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fancy Bazaar and Uzan Bazaar, each one facilitating unique urban activities. While Paltan Bazaar is the hub for transportation and hotels, Pan Bazaar is centered around education, administrative, cultural activities, offices and restaurants. Fancy Bazaar is the hub for retail and wholesale commercial activities, and Uzan Bazaar mainly contains administrative, retail and residential areas. With these bustling areas, the city core is a busy and lively part of the Guwahati. Ulubari, Lachit Nagar, Chandmari and Zoo Road (R.G. Baruah Road), which have a mix of retail-commercial and residential areas, can be considered an additional part of the core.
The most important corridor is along the Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road towards the south (almost 15 km from the city-center). The GS Road is an important commercial area with retail, wholesale and offices developed along the main road; it is a densely built residential area in the inner parts. The capital complex of Assam at Dispur is in this corridor. This corridor has facilitated the growth of a southern city sub-center at Ganeshguri, along with other residential areas to the south developed during the past few decades.
The corridor extending towards the west (around 30 km from the city-center) contains a railroad linking Guwahati and other parts of the North Eastern Region east of Guwahati to rest of western Assam and India. The corridor links residential and historically important areas such as Nilachal Hill (Kamakhya), Pandu, and Maligaon (headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways) before it separates into two: one towards North Guwahati and the other continuing west towards Guwahati Airport via the University of Gauhati (Jalukbari). There are many river ports/jetties along this corridor.
Highway NH 37, which encircles the city's southern parts and links the southern corridor in Noumile to the western corridor in Jalukbari is currently supporting rapid development. Similarly, the VIP Road linking Zoo Road with the eastern corridor and recently completed Hengerabari-Narengi Road are also supporting massive residential development to the east.
In brief, the major components of Guwahati's urban structure are:
- The core or the 'city center' with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fancy Bazaar and Uzan Bazaar
- The extended core with Chandmari, Zoo Road, Noonmati and Ulubari
- The north-southeast Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road Corridor
- The southern sub-center of Ganeshguri
- The western corridor towards Kamakhya, Jalukbari and LGBI Airport and
- The eastern corridor towards Noonmati and Narengi
The city is having notable changes in its morphology with rapid expansion. The Khanapara road is being converted into four lanes and it will be extended up to a Changsari in the near future. Projects are undertaken on the outskirts like the water park in Rani, which has brought those far-flung areas under city reach by visit by tourists. The road towards Airport from Jalukbari is also being converted into a four-lane road. Two five star hotels are on the verge of being set up, raising hopes that by a decade or so, the city will be twice its size now.
Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) is the local body responsible for governing, developing and managing the city. GMC is further divided into 60 municipal wards. Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is an agency responsible for planning and development of the greater Guwahati Metropolitan Area, which is revising the Guwahati Master Plan and Building Bylaws. Guwahati Development Department, a special department of the Government of Assam, has been recently formed for Guwahati's overall development.
Guwahati is one of the most rapidly growing cities in India. The city's population grew from just 200,000 in 1971 to more than 500,000 in 1991. In the census of 2001 the city's population was found to be 808,021. By 2012, it is estimated that Guwahati will boast more than a 1.6 million residents.
In 2001, males constituted 55 percent and females at 45 percent of Guwahati's residents. It was found that 10 percent of the population is under 6 years of age. Guwahati has an average literacy rate of 78 percent, with male literacy at 81 and female literacy at 74 percent. The Major religion followed is Hinduism.
The gross domestic product of Guwahati metro was estimated at $1 billion in 2010. As a river port, Guwahati has traditionally been an important administrative and trading center. Separate income estimates are not yet available as city-level income estimation is not a traditional practice in India, and is not practiced in a systematic and continual manner. However, by looking at the agglomeration of activities and employment patterns it can be easily understandable that the city contributes a lion's share of the state's income.
The major economic activities are trade and commerce, transportation and services. Guwahati is the most important trade hub in the North Eastern Region. It is a major wholesale distribution center, a marketing hub, and also a retail hub of the region. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre is one of the largest and busiest tea trading centres in the world, where the major commodity under the hammer is Assam tea. The Tea Auction Centre has emerged as the second largest CTC tea auction market in the world and second largest overall next only to Colombo auction centre in Sri Lanka. As in other cities, 'mall culture' is now invading Guwahati. Manufacturing is an important activity, although it is not comparable to those of India's rapidly growing industrial cities. The most important manufacturing industry in the city is the petroleum refinery of IOCL at Noonmati, which is known as Guwahati Refinery. The city contains the headquarters or regional offices of several manufacturing and business establishments, e.g., Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL). Bamunimaidam and Kalapahar are two major industrial estate of Guwahati. Guwahati is important for printing and publishing, as well as businesses related to electronic and print media. During the past two decades, businesses such as real estate development, finance, etc. have intensified. Retail and real estate have emerged as big players. Recent times have seen large scale retail chains such as Big Bazaar, Westside, Pantaloons, Salasar Mega Store, Hidesign, Wills Lifestyle, Blackberry, Van Heusan, Skipper, Mochi, Levi Strauss & Co. had opened outlets in the city. Guwahati is home to the Guwahati Stock Exchange (GSE). For the promotion of trade and industry of Assam there is a trade centre named Maniram Dewan Trade Centre at the Betkuchi area of the city.
Tourism and recreation, education, research, cultural activities, real estate, etc. are slowly increasing and contributing to city's economic growth.
Although being a medium sized city, ranking around 50th (in terms of population) in India, the city's quality of life is comparatively higher. A recent survey (2006) by a popular Indian magazine - Outlook (Money) ranked Guwahati 16th among all the major and medium sized Indian cities.
The city provides competitive residential and working environments with beautiful landscapes, pleasant climate, modern shopping areas, modern apartments and bungalows, and considerably good social infrastructure. Yet infrastructure in the city still requires extensive attention, which can increase and revolutionize the city's reputation, investment environment, and overall growth pattern. Major investments in infrastructure are being planned in the city, covering many aspects of the utilities and transportation infrastructures, with financial assistance from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Guwahati is to also receive substantial city development funds from JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission) - the Government of India's recently conceived commission for urban development, and a development plan for the city has been recently finalized.
Guwahati is serviced by the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Borjhar, about 20 km west of the center of the city. Air connectivity have improved considerably in the last couple of years with all major domestic airlines flying into Guwahati. Helicopter services are operated from Guwahati to Shillong (30 min), Tura (50 min), Naharlagun (Itanagar), Tawang (75 min) by Pawan Hans, a helicopter service provider. The Helicopter services have been scrapped after the death of the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh. Guwahati airport averages about 95-100 arrivals and departures a day. Guwahati is serviced with direct flights to Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Chennai, Ahmedabad and other major cities in India by different airlines. Druk Air connects Guwahati internationally airport to Bangkok and Paro twice a week. A modernization plan is underway at Guwahati airport right now and once it is completed, the AAI plans to make Guwahati a hub of air connectivity. Northeast Shuttles(P) Ltd. has started daily flights in their 18 seater Dornier 228 and 9 seater Cessna 208 aircraft from Guwahati airport connecting Silchar, Imphal, Aizawl, Dimapur.
Guwahati falls under the Northeast Frontier Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Guwahati Junction which is the major station of Guwahati is the headquarters of the zone. Two other stations are Kamakhya Junction and New Guwahati (for freight services) located towards west and east from Guwahati respectively. Kamakhya Junction is the second largest station of the city. Guwahati is well connected by express trains to major cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Jaipur, Trivandrum, Ranchi, Patna, Kollam, Puri, Jammu etc. Major trains serving Guwahati are Guwahati Rajdhani Express, Poorvottar Sampark Kranti Express, Saraighat Express, North-East Express, Guwahati Bangalore Express, Guwahati Egmore Express, Guwahati Ernakulam Express, Kamrup Express, Kanchanjunga Express, Guwahati-Jorhat Jan Shatabdi Express etc.
National Highway 31 connects Guwahati with the states Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. National Highway 37 from Goalpara in Assam to Dimapur in Nagaland traverses the entire length of Assam and connects Guwahati with almost all the major cities of Assam including the cities of Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Bongaigaon.
Guwahati is very well connected with adjoining regions via bus services. Three nodal points, Adabari, Paltan Bazar and ISBT Guwahati, provide bus services to towns and cities in Assam and adjoining states. Some of these services are run by the government agency ASTC, whereas a vast majority of them are run by private companies. "Night supers", or buses that run overnight, and luxury coaches, are very popular.
The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) located at the outskirts, provides connectivity with other regions of the Northeast with regular buses for major cities and tourist destinations of the neighbouring states.
Citizens from Myannmar can come in through the border post of Tamu-Moreh and take a connecting flight from Imphal to the city. There are also regular Bus services from Imphal to the city. Similarly, citizens can come from Bhutan and Bangladesh through Border Posts and take the Bus Services to the city.
Guwahati, being on the bank of Brahmaputra River, is connected to National Waterways No 2, with a terminal at Pandu. It is used for movement of bulk & general cargo, passenger vessels and tourist vessels. Several passenger ferry services are also operated by the state Inland Water Transport department for transportation of passengers across the river Brahmaputra.
Lack of sufficient road space is a major problem. The length of surfaced road within the city is presently at 218 km (ARSAC). The major corridor roads suffer from insufficient right of way, illegal construction methods, and improper planning and design. The roads in the residential neighborhoods are extremely narrow (lack of proper regulations) causing problems related to both traffic and infrastructure installations. Cul-de-sacs are neither planned nor designed properly.
Guwahati has a good public transit system. The government agency - Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and many private operators provide a considerably good city-bus system. It requires further modernization and integration with city planning and management initiatives. Guwahati is the first city in the North-east where low-floored buses were introduced.
Apart from city buses, trekker services, which are soft-top multi-utility vehicles with a sitting capacity of 10-12, provide public transport facilities along major roads in the city. They are popular among people for fast travel, although these vehicles are usually overloaded with passengers and tend to go very fast causing frequent accidents. Rickshaws are also available from all major places and serves only around the city or some times between some localities only at a considerable price.
Education and health facilities
The city is home to Gauhati University in Jalukbari. Gauhati University was the first university in Assam to be set up in 1948. It was also the first premier educational institute to be set up in the North-East India. Gauhati University was recently ranked among the top 26 universities of India according to a survey by India Today.
The century-old Cotton College is one of the most reputed colleges in eastern India and possesses great scholastic and cultural value. The Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati is the sixth member of the high-profile world's renowned IITs in India. Since its establishment in 1994, IIT Guwahati has proven itself as an excellent institution for research and education. The Assam Engineering College and the Gauhati Medical College and Hospital which include Regional Dental College and Regional College of Nursing are the two important institutions for science and technology and medical education. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam which is one of the fourteen National Law Universities of India was established in the year 2010 and is a torchbearer in the field of legal education in North East India.
Among the city's many other institutions of higher learning are the Gauhati Commerce College, College of Veterinary Science under AAU, Government Ayurvedic College, Arya Vidyapeeth College, B. Borooah College, Handique Girls College (they all have both Arts and Science streams), Assam Engineering Institute (engineering diploma courses), Pandu College, LCB College, West Guwahati Commerce College, K.C. Das Commerce College, J.B. Law College, Dispur College, Icon Commerce College, NEF Law College and Pragjyotish College. The Guwahati campus of TISS was also established here in 2010.
Guwahati has branches of professional courses like the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India (ICWAI). Apart from those, Assam Institute of Management, North Eastern Regional Institute of Management (NERIM), Royal Group of Institutions, Asian Institute of Management and Technology, Darwin School of Business, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Azara, NETES Institute of Technology and Science Mirza, Institute of Strategic Business Management (ISBM), Guwahati Institute of Technoloy (GIT), NEF College of Management & Technology, Hindustan College and GEA National College are notable institutes of higher education. The city has Don Bosco University, the first state-approved private university in Assam and North East India at Azara, outskirts of the city . The Kamrup College of Vocational Training provides education and training on vocational and professional management courses. It is home to many good schools like Asom Jatiya Vidyalaya, Sanskriti The Gurukul(First Day-Boarding School in North-East) located at Gorchuk, Gurukul Grammar, South Point School, DPS Guwahati, Don Bosco School, Holy Child School, Maharshi Vidya Mandir, Royal Global School,Kendriya Vidyalayas and Miles Bronson Residential School. It also has organisations like Seven Stars, the talent hunters for enjoying the load of studies through various competitions and workshops.
Guwahati is an important center for health facilities in eastern India, featuring many government and private specialty hospitals and health research centres. The most important are the Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Mahendra Mohan Choudhury Hospital, Dispur Hospital, Guwahati Neurological Research Centre (GNRC), Down Town Hospital, International Hospital, Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Hayat Hospital and Sankardev Netralaya.
Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) Monitoring Centre has been established at Pharmacology Department of Gauhati Medical College in October 2010 under the aegis of Central Drugs Standard Control Organization, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,Government of India.This is the 1st ADR Monitoring Centre in Northeast India and Mr. Ratan J. Lihite is the present Technical Associate at this centre. This centre is reporting ADR to Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission and then ADRs are forwarded to Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden.
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)-Guwahati is the fifth institute to be included in the list of the premium institutes under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Government of India. NIPER-Guwahati started functioning from the month of September, 2008. The institute was inaugurated by the Honorable Union Minister for Fertilizers and Chemicals and Steel, Shri Ram Vilas Paswan on Sept 16 2008 in the presence of several distinguished personals, like the Honorable Chief Minister Shri Tarun Gogoi, Honorable Union Minister of State for Chemicals Shri Bijoy Krishna Handique, Honorable Health Minister of Assam Shri Himanta Biswa Sarma, Honorable Union Secretary for Pharmaceuticals Shri Ashok Kumar and Principal of GMCH DR. M.M. Deka, among others.
Guwahati features the multi purpose Nehru Stadium, hosts mainly cricket and football; while the Kanaklata Indoor Stadium in the R.G. Baruah Sports Complex (in the Ulubari locality) is older sports complex of the city. There are smaller stadiums in Maligaon (the N.F. Railway Stadium) and in Paltan Bazaar area where the Sports Authority of India (SAI) complex is located.
The sporting infrastructures specially constructed for the 33rd National Games in 2007 include a large stadium at Sarusajai—the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, the Dr. Zakir Hussain Aquatic Complex, and the Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi A.C. Indoor Hall. Other new sports structures include the Maulana Md. Tayabullah Hockey Stadium at Bhetapara, the Deshbhakta Tarun Ram Phookan Indoor Stadium at Ulubari, Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium at Amingaon, Chachal Tennis Complex and Tepesia Sports Complex.
The other renovated sports complexes include Ganesh Mandir Indoor Stadium, Khanapara, Rudra Singha Sports Complex, Dispur and Gauhati University sports stadium.
Club like GTC: Gauhati Town Club, a very old and prestigious club of the state at Pan Bazar provides very good sports facilities. The club has a football academy, cricket centre, chess foundation and a swimming centre where the prime thrust is given to groom the young and budding talents of the region.
Barsapara Cricket Stadium, a new cricket stadium is also in the offing at the suburbs of Guwahati,located in Barsapara. The stadium is being constructed by the Assam Cricket Association (ACA). Construction began in 2007 and is expected to be complete by 2013.With a seating capacity of 60,000 people and world class infrastructure it is pipped to be the 2nd home ground for Kolkata Knight Riders from the 2014 IPL season.
Moreover, along with the Brahmaputra river, there are many lakes and rocky hills in the city suitable for water and adventure sports.
The popular Assamese daily newspapers published from the city are Dainik Agradoot, Asomiya Pratidin, Asomiya Khobor, Amar Asom, Dainik Janambhumi, Janasadharan, Niyamiya Barta, Dainik Asam, Ajir Asom and Gana Adhikar. English dailies are The Assam Tribune, The Sentinel, Seven Sisters Post, The Telegraph and The Times of India. Doordarshan Kendra Guwahati provides composite satellite television services to north east region. The Guwahati based 24 hour regional news channels include NE TV, News Live, DY 365, Frontier TV, News Time Assam, The Assam News Network (ANN), AN Television, News Network and Prag. In FM Radio, apart from All India Radio,92.7 BIG FM (most popular), Radio Gup-Shup 94.3 FM,and Red FM 93.5 are other FM stations of the city. Telecom services are BSNL, Aircel, Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance Mobile, Idea Cellular, S Tel etc.
Places of interest
The city has several shopping malls:
- The HUB
- Ohio Shopping
- Fort mall
- Sohum Shoppe (Fancy Bazar & GS Road)
- Sohum Emporio
- The Cube
- Dona Planet
- Spanish Garden
- Dihang Arcade
- Big Bazaar
- Metro Bazar
- Vishal Megamart
- Reliance Trendz
- Megha Plaza
- Anil Plaza
- Big Bazaar
- Shoppers Point
- FBB (Fashion at Big Bazaar)
- Anmol Bazar at Kahilipara (colony bazar)
- Daily Bazar at Rehabari
The city has several multiplexes including:
Famous places of Guwahati
- Pan Bazaar: (Pron: pʌn bəˌzɑ:) A lively part of the city center on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. Cotton College, Digholy Pukhury (Dighalipukhuri), The State Museum, RBI, District Court (Kamrup District), etc. are all major landmarks. Moreover, the area also possesses many libraries, major government offices, and a shopping district. Restaurants and bookshops in the area provide a unique environment. It also contains a major wholesale market for drugs and pharmaceutical products, and a hub for printing and publication. Close to Digholy Pukhury, there are many stores with traditional arts and crafts from Assam and other parts of the NER. Kachari Ghat, next to the district court is an important local river port. Moreover it is also renowned for sports market.
- Fancy Bazaar: (Pron: ˈfænsi bəˌzɑ:) In the western part of the city-center is a busy commercial district for wholesale and retail. Originally called Fansi Bazaar after the district jail that executed criminals/freedom fighters by British by hanging (fansi, in the local language), the name has slowly transformed to Fancy Bazaar to denote the retail stores for clothes and garments. The place is also the hub for wholesale products ranging from food and beverages, garments, to hardware and building materials.
- Paltan Bazaar: (Pron: ˈpʌltən bəˌzɑ:) In the central part of the city-center is the hub for transportation and hotels. With Guwahati railway station, the regional bus stand (ASTC), numerous hotels, restaurants and offices and stops of numerous private regional bus service providers, this area is the busiest and most congested. There are many small shops selling traditional garments from parts of the NER. After the start of operations at ISBT for Intra and Inter state bus service, bus services from paltan bazar has been prohibited by authorities to ease traffic congestion in the area. Now the ASTC Bus stand and various private bus operators only run shuttle services from Paltan Bazar to ISBT.
- Ganeshguri: (Pron: gəˈneɪʃˌgʊri) A developed commercial area in the south, outside of the city-center. Its proximity to the state capital complex and rapidly growing southern residential areas have made it an important city sub-center. Ganeshguri is a busy part of the city with retail shopping areas, hotels and restaurants, and small businesses. It is named after the popular Ganesh Mandir situated in the area.
- Beltola Bazaar: (Pron: ˌbelˈtəʊlə bəˌzɑ:) A traditional weekly fruits and vegetables market with historic importance. The market has existed since its historic past and is an important traditional trading point between the people from the Khasi hills (Meghalaya) and local people. It is a rich market with local food products. It is in Beltola, a predominantly residential area in the south.
- G S Road: A long stretch of road between Ganeshguri and Paltan Bazaar, G S Road has emerged as the new commercial hub of Guwahati. G S Road boasts of some of the finest malls and restaurants Guwahati has to offer, and is considered by many to displace Fancy Bazaar and Pan Bazaar as the major shopping centers in the years to come. It is now also one of the most important and expensive pieces of property in Guwahati, containing some of the most commercially important buildings.
- Guwahati War Cemetery: A World War II war cemetery, maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission This is the one cemetery among the nine cemeteries in India which has war graves of Japanese soldiers. The cemetery has 521 graves, including 316 known and 18 unknown graves of soldiers from the United Kingdom, 136 known and seven unknown Indian soldiers, four from Canada, four from South Africa, one from New Zealand, two graves of soldiers whose nationality is unknown, 11 graves of Japanese soldiers and 24 graves of Chinese Army soldiers.
- Noonmati A place located near Chandmari and is a suburb of Guwahati and also home to the Guwahati's first oil refinery commissioned by then by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited on 1st January, 1962. It has may temples, out which three are famous one of them is the Sai Baba Mandir near the Noonmati over-bridge which is located on top of a hill and has scenic beauty. The second one is known as Ganesh Mandir devoted to Hindu Gods & Goddess it is located on Ganesh Mandir Path and is beautifully decorated with white marbles among lush green trees in a residential area called New Guwahati. The third temple is known as Hanuman Mandir and is devoted to Hindu God Lord Hanuman(The monkey God who helped Lord Ram to fight against the evil king of Lanka "Ravana")and is located on the main Maniram Dewan Road near FCI(Food Corporation of India), Guwahati. The other places of interest are the Refinery Sectors which are beautifully constructed with recreational centers. "Sneh Bandhan" in New Guwahati was the former residence Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma which now converted to Children's Activity Center and has a library, a movie hall, a game parlour, an outdoor park with a garden, a computer lab with a highly experience teacher, music classes, dance classes, singing classes are also held here and an iBerry interactive board with tution classes happens for all age-groups. Another, beautiful place is Kharguli a 15 minute drive from New Guwahati from where you can view the mighty Brahmaputra river in its full flow and is also famous for picnic spots where you can enjoy a great time with your family along the banks of the river.
- A T Road: Assam Trunk Road, popularly known as A T Road, is the commercial HUB of the North-Eastern India located in the heart of the city and is a house to the big business houses in the city. It is center to all kinds of building materials available in this part of the country. AT Road is closely interwined to most prominent business areas of Guwahati like Athgaon, Fancy Bazar, Paltan Bazar, Panbazar, Bharalumukh etc. Major Business Houses having offices on this stretch include Hawelia Group - Pintu Udyog (India) Pvt Ltd, Sani Steel, Himatsingka Group etc.The area has developed into a overall market for building materials, be it electrical items or plumbing items or hardware - the area has everything you need in the real estate business. Major famous landmarks include Hotel Rajmahal, Himatsingka Petrol Pump, Gol Building, Pintu Udyog (India) Pvt Ltd, Hotel Vishwaratna.
- River Cruise: One of the major attractions of Guwahati is the River Cruise on the Brahmaputra river. To go on a cruise on the mighty river is a thrilling experience. There are cruise vessels like 'MV Mahabahu', 'Jolporee', 'Charaidew', 'MV Chandardinga', 'Alfresco', 'Baginadi' etc. that will take visitors on joy rides on the Brahmaputra river. On board these luxurious cruise vessels tourists can relax and enjoy the beautiful view of the sunset.
- Umananda Temple: On the peacock island in the middle of the Brahmaputra, this Shiva temple was built in 1664. It is believed that Lord Shiva by using his third eye burnt Kamdeva at this place. Every year Shivaratri is celebrated in this temple in a great way. The island is believed to be the world's smallest human inhabited island. The world's largest river island is Majuli.
- Accoland: Accoland family fun kingdom is the north-east's only amusement park named after Acco, the mythological king of amusement. This park is at Patgaon.
- Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra: Shankardev Kalakshetra is a place that visitors should never miss. Shankardev Khalakshetra name synonymous with the great Vaishnava saint and scholar of Assam Srimanta Shankardeva. It is a multipurpose cultural complex that has fulfilled its aim in protecting, promoting and preserving the cultural heritage of the communities and tribes of Assam and the country.
- Guwahati Planetarium: Situated in Uzanbazar this planetarium is the only one of its kind in the North-Eastern region and a center of astronomical research. For visitors, the mysterious aspects of the universe are brought alive by sheer audio-video technique and explained in the dark domed structure inside the planetarium.
- Assam State Museum: Assam State Museum is situated near Dighalipukhuri. It houses many rare, specimen of the Ahom Dynasty. Many articles of equipment, dress materials belonging to the glorious past of Assam are found here. Many antiques, statues, manuscripts, written on Shashi-paat and other valuable articles are preserved and displayed here.
- Kamakhya Temple: Kamakhya Temple situated some 5 km from the main city on the Nilachal Hill, is one of the most sacred Hindu Shrines of India. Goddess Kamakhya is worshipped here.Ambubachi Mela is celebrated every year in the middle of June in this temple. Many devotees from across the country gathered here during this mela.
- Shilpagram: Adjacent to Srimanta Shankardev Kalakshetra, this is the only crafts village of the North East Zone Cultural Center (NEZCC). It had made landmark in the promotion of the varied arts and cultures of the local people. It holds regular cultural events throughout the year in its open air stage and auditorium.
- Nehru Park: At heart of the city at Panbazar by the side of Cotton College. Nehru Park is another place that visitors should never miss. The highlights of the park are the concrete statues of Bihu dance, Ojapali dance, Deodhani dance, Jhumur dance, Bhoor tal dance etc. There are altogether 45 concrete statues depicting these aspects of Assamese life and culture.
- NEDFi Haat: NEDFi Haat is at a leased building of Industries & Commerce Department Govt. of Assam. In NEDFi Haat visitors can buy handicraft and handloom products. As well as they can buy varieties of traditional food items produced by the Self Help Groups of the State in the Bihu seasons.
- Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden: Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden is the largest zoo of the North East situated at Hengerabari Reserved Forest in the city.
- Basistha Temple: Basistha Temple is on Sandhyachal Hill, on the southern part of the city; this beautiful tourist spot was once the ashram (hermitage) of sage Basistha.
- Sukreswar Temple: Sukreswar Temple is an ancient Shiva temple built by Ahom king Pramatta Singha on Dakini Jogini hill by the side of river Brahmaputra.
- Navagraha Temple: Navagraha temple or temple of nine planets is situated on Chitrachal Hill to the east. It was the ancient seat of study of astronomy and astrology. The nine planets are represented by the nine linga's inside the main temple. There is a stone imprint of solar system inside the temple.This temple just 3 km from the railway station is still a center of Astrological and Astronomical research. It was for this temple Guwahati was named Pragjyotishpura.
- Dighalipukhuri: Situated at the heart of the city at Uzanbazar and surrounded by the High Court on the north and the State Museum and District Library on the south. This is a huge man-made tank. It was excavated by the mighty king Bhagadatta to celebrated the 'swayambar' of his daughter Bhanumati who was married to Kourava prince Druyadhana. There is boating club on the Dighalipukhuri.
- Ugro Tara Temple: At the heart of the city banks of Joarpukhuri (twin ponds). The Ugro Tara Temple is another shakti peeth temple where the eyes of sati were believed to have fallen.
- Balaji Temple, Guwahati: This temple is a recent addition to the religious places of Guwahati. It is situated at Betkuchi area of the city. Balaji temple with striking South Indian architecture is unlike the other temples of this place. In the evening illuminated by electric lights the temple looks very beautiful.
- ISKCON Temple, Guwahati: This temple belongs to the ISKCON society founded by Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. The temple's main deity is Radha-Krishna. The main emphasis of this temple's preaching lies on the teachings of Krishna and Bhagavad Gita. The evening is a good time to visit when the temple is filled with Devotees and Kirtan is held with full grandeur and splendor.
Other attractions in and around the city
- Jorpukhuri Park
- Peacock Island, Umananda Temple
- Garchuk Lachit Garh
- Chandubi Lake
- Lankeshwar Temple
- Doul Govinda Temple
- Dirgheshwari temple
- Deepor Beel Birds Sanctuary
- Madan Kamdev archaeological region
- Gandhi Mandap
- Gateway of Assam
- Rudreswar Temple
- Nepali Mandir
- Kharghuli Beach
- Sarania Pahar
- Urvashi Island(Restricted)
- Shraddhanjali Kanan
- Chandubi Eco Camp
- Narengi Golf Club
- Pandu port
- Asom International Trade Fair (annual)
- Guwahati International Annual Book Fair (annual)
- Gauhati Artists' Guild
- Rest Camp Kalibari
- AOL (Art of living) Aashram
- Balaji Mandir at Betkuchi(Lokhara)
- Lalganesh Ganesh Mandir And Kalimandir.(Odalbakra)
- Ganesh Mandir ant Ganeshguri(Dispur)
- Nepali Mandir(Radha Krishna Mandir) at Paltanbazar.
- TetrisKoti Mandir at |Kahilipara(Odlbakra)(Front gate of 4th AP BN Gate)
- Battle of Saraighat
- Pragjyotisha Kingdom
- History of Beltola
- Cultural Development of Kamarupa
- Kamrupi Literature
- Kamarupa Anusandhan Samiti
- Kamrup District
- Kamrup Metropolitan district
- List of people from Assam
- Gauhati High Court
- Saraighat Bridge
- Varman Dynasty
- Pala Dynasty
- Personalities from Western Assam
- Early Period of Kamarupa
- Kamarupa of Bhaskar Varman
- Kamarupa - Late to end period
Notable People Born
- Herbert Bainbridge (1862-1940), cricketer and footballer
- Indira Goswami (1942–2011), Assamese writer
- Monalisa Baruah Mehta, Assamese TT player and Arjuna Awardee
- Jayanta Talukdar, archer and olympian
- Shiva Thapa, boxer and olympian
- Bhupen Hazarika, singer,composer & also Dada Saheb Phalke Awardee
- Raatan, T, History, religion and culture of north east India, p. 71
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- Barthakur, Pulin Behari, Assam
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- "History". Government of Assam. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Kishore, Sharma, Dr. B.R., Dr. Shiv, India - A Travel Guide)
- North East India History Association, Proceedings of North East India History Association
- "City Development Plan Guwahati" (PDF). Assam. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). Retrieved 2006-07.
- Choudhury, A.U. (2002). Big cats, elephant, rhino and gaur in Guwahati. The Rhino Found. NE India Newsletter 4:16-19.
- Choudhury, A.U. (2003). Guwahati: the city of Adjutants and other endangered birds. The Rhino Found. NE India Newsletter 5:14-17.
- (Gait 1906:13–15)
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- Ajit Patowary (February 26, 2009). "Ambari excavation may reveal city’s past". The Assam Tribune. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- (Gait 1906:23)
- Reporter, Staff (May 11, 2009). "Ambari excavation site reveals age of Guwahati". The Assam Tribune (Guwahati). Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Saikh Md Sabah Al-Ahmed. "The Tales of Ponds". The Assam Tribune (Guwahati). Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- World Weather Information Service-Guwahati, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Guwahati Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- Climatological Information for Guwahati, India, Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- TI Trade. "Assam Tribune online". Assamtribune.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- "Map of Municipal Wards of Guwahati". Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Map of Assembly constituencies, Assam". Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
- "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-05.
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- "Guwahati to get metro rail and feeder Bus Rapid Transit System - The Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Johnson, Marc (2013-01-22). "Assam Government discusses Guwahati metro proposal - Rail News from". rail.co. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- MustSeeIndia.com. "GUWAHATI Travel Guide, Tourist places, Guwahati Hotels, Guwahati Tourism". Mustseeindia.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- "Major SHOPPING MALLS of Guwahati(Assam) - Assam". Assamspider.com. 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Hewson, Eileen (2007). Guwahati War Cemetery Assam India, ISBN 978-1-906276-05-8
- The Hindu January 19, 2012 Article Graves of Japanese martyrs of WWII dug up
- Dhamini Ratnam (Jun 10, 2012,). "Art hub that floats on the Brahmaputra". The Times of India. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- Reporter, Staff (Monday, May 30, 2011). "Scheme for Basistha temple facelift". The Assam Tribune. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- Bhatt, Bhargava, S.C, Gopal, Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories, p. 256
- "News About Shine Realtors". Shinerealtors.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Buaruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
- Puri, Baij Nath (1966), Cities of ancient India, Meenakshi Prakashan
- Barua, Kanak Lal (1966), Early history of Kāmarupa
- Gait, Edward (1906), A History of Assam, Thacker, Spink & Co., Calcutta
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