Guy Vernor Henry
|Guy Vernor Henry|
Major General Guy V. Henry, Medal of Honor Recipient
March 9, 1839|
Fort Smith, Indian Territory
|Died||October 27, 1899
|Place of burial||Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance|| United States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
|Years of service||1861 – 1899|
|Commands held||10th Cavalry Regiment|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
|Other work||Governor of Puerto Rico|
Henry was born in Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas), the son of William Seton Henry and Arietta Livingston Thompson Henry. William Seton Henry (1816-1851) was an 1835 graduate of the United States Military Academy, and attained the rank of Brevet Major for his service in the Mexican–American War. Guy V. Henry graduated from the United States Military Academy in May 1861, serving as a Union officer in the Civil War, and later in conflicts against the Native Americans in the West and southwest of the United States of America. From May 25, 1891 to October 3, 1894, while commanding the 7th Cavalry Regiment, he was also commander of Fort Myer, Virginia. During the Spanish-American War, he was dispatched to Guantánamo, Cuba, and later sent to Puerto Rico, alongside General Nelson Miles.
He received successive brevets for gallantry in various battles and was brevetted brigadier general, United States Army, for gallantry at the Battle of Rosebud in Montana Territory, where he was shot through the face while fighting Native Americans. He received the Medal of Honor on December 5, 1893, for his Civil War service at the Battle of Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864, where he was serving as a Colonel and commanded a brigade.
During the invasion of Puerto Rico, Henry led a "Provisional Division" from the city of Ponce to Arecibo, Puerto Rico to rendezvous with General Theodore Schwan, who was arriving from the city of Mayagüez. The tropical rain impeded his trek and before he reached Mayagüez, the conflict was over.
On December 6, 1898, he was designated Governor of Puerto Rico. On February 6, 1899, he dissolved the Cabinet of Puerto Rico, which was instituted with the Autonomic Charter. Henry also eliminated taxes on basic food items. On May 17, 1899, he was replaced by General George W. Davis.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Entered service at: Reading Pa. Birth: Fort Smith, Indian Ter. Date of issue: December 5, 1893.
Led the assaults of his brigade upon the enemy's works, where he had 2 horses shot under him.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G–L
- List of Governors of Puerto Rico
- History of Puerto Rico
- "Home of Heroes – Guy Vernor Henry". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Guy Vernor Henry". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
- "Col. G.V. Henry at the Battle of Olustee". Retrieved September 29, 2010.
John Ruller Brooke
|Governor of Puerto Rico
George Whitefield Davis