Guyu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Bloomfield River cod.
Solar term
 Longi-
tude
 
  Term   Calendar
Spring
315° Lichun 4-5 February
330° Yushui 18-19 February
345° Jingzhe 5-6 March
Chunfen 20-21 March
15° Qingming 4-5 April
30° Guyu 20-21 April
Summer
45° Lixia 5-6 May
60° Xiaoman 21-22 May
75° Mangzhong 5-6 June
90° Xiazhi 21-22 June
105° Xiaoshu 7-8 July
120° Dashu 22-23 July
Autumn
135° Liqiu 7-8 August
150° Chushu 23-24 August
165° Bailu 7-8 September
180° Qiufen 23-24 September
195° Hanlu 8-9 October
210° Shuangjiang 23-24 October
Winter
225° Lidong 7-8 November
240° Xiaoxue 22-23 November
255° Daxue 7-8 December
270° Dongzhi 21-22 December
285° Xiaohan 5-6 January
300° Dahan 20-21 January

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣). Gǔyù (pīnyīn) or more commonly pronounced as Gǔyǔ, or Kokuu (rōmaji) (traditional Chinese: 穀雨; simplified Chinese: 谷雨; Japanese: 穀雨; Korean: 곡우; Vietnamese: Cốc vũ; literally: "grain rain") is the 6th solar term. It begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 30° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 45°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 30°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around April 20 and ends around May 5.

Pentads[edit]

Date and Time (UTC)
year begin end
辛巳 2001-04-20 00:35 2001-05-05 10:44
壬午 2002-04-20 06:20 2002-05-05 16:37
癸未 2003-04-20 12:02 2003-05-05 22:10
甲申 2004-04-19 17:50 2004-05-05 04:02
乙酉 2005-04-19 23:37 2005-05-05 09:52
丙戌 2006-04-20 05:26 2006-05-05 15:30
丁亥 2007-04-20 11:07 2007-05-05 21:20
戊子 2008-04-19 16:51 2008-05-05 03:03
己丑 2009-04-19 22:44 2009-05-05 08:50
庚寅 2010-04-20 04:29 2010-05-05 14:44
辛卯 2011-04-20 10:17 2011-05-05 20:23
壬辰 2012-04-19 16:12 2012-05-05 02:19
癸巳 2013-04-19 22:03 2013-05-05 08:18
甲午 2014-04-20 03:55 2014-05-05 13:59

Source: JPL Horizons On-Line Ephemeris System

Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads (候). They are: first pentad (初候), second pentad (次候) and last pentad (末候). Pentads in Guyu include:

China[edit]

  • First pentad: 萍始生
  • Second pentad: 鳴鳩拂其羽
  • Last pentad: 戴勝降于桑

Japan[edit]

  • First pentad: 葭始生
  • Second pentad: 霜止出苗
  • Last pentad: 牡丹華

References[edit]


Preceded by
Qingming (清明)
Solar term (節氣) Succeeded by
Lixia (立夏)