Guzmania

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Guzmania
DirkvdM red-white-stripe flower.jpg
Guzmania monostachia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Guzmania
Ruiz & Pav.
Synonyms[1]
  • Caraguata Lindl.
  • Devillea Bertero ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Massangea E.Morren
  • Sodiroa Andrews
  • Schlumbergeria E.Morren
  • Thecophyllum André
  • Chirripoa Suess.

Guzmania is a genus of over 120 species of flowering plants in the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae.[2] They are mainly stemless, evergreen, epiphytic perennials native to Florida, the West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America, and northern and western South America.[1][3] They are found at altitudes of up to 3,500 m (11,483 ft) in the Andean rainforests.[2]

The genus name is for Anastasio Guzman, Spanish pharmacist and naturalist.[4]

Several species of this genus are cultivated as indoor and outdoor garden plants. The best known is Guzmania lingulata (scarlet star) which bears orange and red bracts.

The plant dies after it has produced its flowers in summer, but new plants can easily be propagated from the offsets which appear as the parent plant dies. They are epiphytes and can do well if tied on to pieces of bark with roots bound into sphagnum moss.

Guzmanias require warm temperatures and relatively high humidity. The sac fungus Bipolaris sorokiniana (anamorph of Cochliobolus sativus) and others can cause fatal root rot in plants of this genus if the roots get too wet and cold.

Species[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Guzmania Ruiz & Pávon, Flora Peruviana. 3: 37. 1802.
  4. ^ http://www.bsi.org/brom_info/genera.html

Notable cultivars[edit]

Hybrids:

  • cv. 'Rana'
  • Wittmackii-Hybrids
  • Zahnii-Hybrids