Guzmania lingulata

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Guzmania lingulata
Bromeliaceae03.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Tillandsioideae
Genus: Guzmania
Species: G. lingulata
Binomial name
Guzmania lingulata
Synonyms[1]
  • Tillandsia lingulata L.
  • Caraguata lingulata (L.) Lindl.
  • Tillandsia clavata D.Dietr.
  • Guzmania cardinalis (André) Mez
  • Caraguata cardinalis André
  • Tillandsia sordida Salisb.
  • Caraguata latifolia Beer
  • Guzmania minor Mez
  • Caraguata splendens Planch.
  • Caraguata peacockii E.Morren
  • Guzmania peacockii (E.Morren) Mez

Guzmania lingulata or scarlet star is a species of flowering plant in the bromeliad family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae, native to rainforest habitats in Central America, northern and central South America, southern Mexico and the West Indies.[1] It is an evergreen epiphytic perennial.[2] The Latin word lingulata means "tongue-shaped".[3] Foliage grows in a star-shaped basal rosette which culminates in an orange and red bracted inflorescence. It is among the most commonly cultivated bromeliad types, with cultivars producing flowers in shades of maroon, red, orange, yellow or pink.

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

Varieties[edit]

Four varieties are recognized:[1]

  1. Guzmania lingulata var. cardinalis (André) Mez - Colombia, Ecuador
  2. Guzmania lingulata var. concolor Proctor & Cedeño-Mald. - Central America, West Indies, northern and central South America (Guianas and Colombia south to Bolivia), southern Mexico
  3. Guzmania lingulata var. flammea (L.B.Sm.) L.B.Sm. - Colombia, Ecuador
  4. Guzmania lingulata var. lingulata - Guyana, Suriname, Jamaica, Venezuelan Antilles; naturalized in Bermuda

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Guzmania lingulata". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Guzmania lingulata at Wikimedia Commons