|• Revised Romanization||Gwacheon-si|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||6 dong|
|• Total||35.86 km2 (13.85 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Jun)|
|• Density||2,010.3/km2 (5,207/sq mi)|
Gwacheon is a city in Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea. It lies close to Seoul in the heart of the Seoul National Capital Area, and also lies just east of Anyang. Seoul Subway Line 4 passes through the city.
Various attractions associated with Seoul, including Seoul Grand Park, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul Land, Gwacheon National Science Museum, and Seoul Race Park are located in the city. It is also home to a major administrative center of the Korean government.
Until Joseon era, Gwacheon County existed and it consisted of today's most part of Anyang, Gunpo, Gwacheon in Gyeonggi, and part of Dongjak-gu, most of Seocho-gu, Namhyeon-dong of Gwanak-gu in Seoul. In 1914, the two counties of Gwacheon and Ansan were annexed into "expanded" Siheung County. At the same time of the district annexation, Central township(군내면) became Gwacheon township(과천면). In 1963, today's Gwacheon City area was combined into city planning districts of Seoul(서울시 도시계획구역) as with northern part of Gwangmyeong and Sindo township of Goyang County (now part of Goyang City bordering with Seoul). In the 1980s, the government complex and the Seoul Grand Park were planned to be built on the area, and in 1986 it gained the status of city; old Gwacheon County revived as Gwacheon City.
Gwacheon intended to have a large importance on governmental construction. There is No.2 government building. So it keeps the position of planned city concerning politics in South Korea. It has been serving as a second center of governmental complex which consists of city hall, welfare management offices, health care department, and many other sub departments of politics.
Seoul Grand Park and Gwanaksan occupy a large portion of the city. The presence of mountains and forests accentuate the status of Gwacheon as a popular destination for Korean nature lovers. In addition, the Seoul Race Park is also located in the city. Gwacheon has few historically preserved sites as well. Gwacheon Hyanggyo (Korean Confucianism institution built in 1389), YeonJudae (YeonJu Temple which is located at the end of cliff), three stepped pagoda of YeonJuAhm, and Portrait of HyoRyung Janggun (general HyoRyung) are listed as treasure of Gyeonggi-do (Gyeonggi Province) and map of Joseon (Old Korean Kingdom) located in History Ministry inside the governmental complex is listed as one of Korean national treasure. In history of Korea, Gwacheon has not only been known as beautiful landscape but also as important center of education and religious practices by Kings.
Also, the first Foreign Language High School established in Gyeonggi-do, Gwacheon Foreign Language High School is located in Jongang-dong. Currently, Gwacheon has Science and Technology Center and one of the biggest public library of Gyeonggi-do.
Noted graphic artist Dennis Hwang spent much of his childhood in Gwacheon.
'Gwacheon Festival' is one of the leading street arts festivals in Korea starting from 1997. The festival takes place in late September, presenting theater, dance, visual art, music in public space and Korean traditional outdoor theater, etc. The name of the festival has been changed recently from "Gwacheon Hanmadang Festival" to "Gwacheon Festival". The festival aims at the contribution to the development of street arts and introducing various street arts to Korean audience. The festival also contributes to the international cultural exchange and encourages collaboration between Korean and international artists. Every year, the festival has around 20 Korean companies, 10 from overseas, and more than 100,000 audiences. Website : http://gcfest.or.kr/eng/ 
Gwacheon city operates a home stay program for foreigners. The city sponsors this program and residents of the city host foreigners living in Korea who want to spend a night in a traditional Korean home. The program helps foreigners understand Korean culture and lifestyle.
The headquarters of the Ministry of Justice is in Building #1 of the Gwacheon Government Complex in Gwacheon. The headquarters of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning are in Building #4 of the Gwacheon Government Complex.
Several government ministries and agencies formerly residing in Gwacheon are now located in Sejong City. The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM, now the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport or MOLIT) was previously headquartered in the 4th building of the Gwacheon Government Complex, in Gwacheon. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (now succeeded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs) also formerly had its headquarters in the Gwacheon Government Complex. Previously the Ministry of Environment had its headquarters in Gwacheon. The Ministry of Strategy and Finance previously had its headquarters in Government Complex II. The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), previously known as the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE) and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE), was previously located in the government complex in Gwacheon. The Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL), previously the Ministry of Labor, was located in Buildings 1 and 3 of the Government Complex II.
- Tree : Chestnut
- Flower : Royal azalea
- Bird : Dove
- Animal : Horse
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- Welcome to Gwacheon City
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Justice (Republic of Korea). Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Building #1, Gwacheon Government Complex, Jungang-dong1, Gwacheon-si, Kyunggi-do."
- "Location Map." (Archive) Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Government Complex-Gwacheon, 47, Gwanmun-ro, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 427-700, KOREA"
- "img_0104.gif." (Archive) Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. Retrieved on May 11, 2011.
- "Minister." (Archive) Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. Retrieved on May 11, 2011. "Company Address : 1 Jungang-dong, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (427-760)"
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Retrieved on 31 December 2013. "3-108 Gwacheon Government Office Bldg, joongang 1, Gwacheon, Gyeonggi"
- "Home" (English) (Archive). Ministry of Environment. July 16, 2011. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "88 Gwanmoon-ro, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 427-729, Republic of Korea"
- "Location" (English) (Archive). Ministry of Strategy and Finance. April 9, 2011. Retrieved on December 31, 2013. "Ministry of Strategy and Finance, Government Complex II, 49 Gwanmoonro, Gwacheon City, Gyeonggi Province, 427-725, Korea"
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Knowledge Economy. Retrieved on January 1, 2013. "Address Ministry of Knowledge Economy, 88, Gwanmoonro, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea"
- "Location." (Archive) Ministry of Employment and Labor. April 26, 2013. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "Address 427-718 Ministry of Employment and Labor. Government Complex II, 47 Gwanmun-ro, Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea"