|District of Madhya Pradesh|
Location of Gwalior district in Madhya Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Gwalior (shared with Shivpuri district)|
|• Assembly seats||1. Gwalior Rural, 2. Gwalior, 3. Gwalior East, 4. Gwalior South, 5. Bhitarwar and 6. Dabra|
|• Total||5,214 km2 (2,013 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||77.93 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||862|
Gwalior district Hindi: ग्वालियर जिला) is one of the 50 districts of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The historic city of Gwalior is its administrative headquarters. Other cities and towns in this district are Antari, Bhitarwar, Bilaua, Dabra, Morar Gwalior, Lashkar Gwalior, Morar Cantonment, Pichhore, and Tekanpur.
The district has an area of 5,214 km², and a population 1,629,881 (2001 census), a 26% increase from 1991. Gwalior District is bounded by the districts of Bhind to the northeast, Datia to the east, Shivpuri to the south, Sheopur to the east, and Morena to the northwest. The district is part of Gwalior Division.
Gwalior is also known for 1857 revolt and Rani Lakshmi Bai's heroic resistance. After Kalpi (Jhansi) fell into the hands of the British on May 24, 1858, Lakshmibai sought shelter at the Gwalior fort. Afraid of the British, The king of Gwalior was not willing to give up his fort but his soldiers laid down their arms in respect for the Rani of Jhansi. Thus the freedom fighters entered Gwalior without a fight. The British wasted no time in attacking Gwalior. It was the fiercest, bloodiest battle ever fought on Indian soil. Lakshmibai's courage, strength, and ability as she valiantly fought the British army's vastly superior forces, are remembered to this day. Gwalior was captured and the real heroism of Rani Laxmibai reached to the heights when died fighting courageously.
One of the youngest Swatantrata Sangram Senani from central India Guru Radha Kishan organised people in Gwalior against the insane government policies with his colleague freedom fighter Ramchandra Sarvate. He came to Gwalior after an arrest warrant was issued against him for his active participation in freedom movement of India in Indore. Guru Radha Kishan fought valiantly for the economic deprivation during colonial rule in pre-independence days, his act was applauded wholeheartedly by eminent Gandhian Dada Dharmadhikari.
The district is at the center of the Gird region, and is mostly a relatively level plain. This plain, though broken in its southern portion by low hills, has generally an elevation of only a few hundred feet above sea-level. In the summer season the climate is very hot, the shade temperature rising frequently to around 44°C (112°F), but in the winter months (from November to February inclusive) it is usually temperate and for short periods extremely cold.
The district comprises 3 tehsils: Gwalior (formerly, Gird), Bhitarwar and Dabra (formerly, Pichore). There are six Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district. These are Gwalior Rural, Gwalior, Gwalior East, Gwalior South, Bhitarwar and 6. Dabra. All of these are part of Gwalior Lok Sabha constituency
According to the 2011 census Gwalior district has a population of 2,030,543, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 227th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 445 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,150/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.41%. Gwalior has a sex ratio of 862 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.93%.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Mexico - 2,059,179
||Morena district||Bhind district|
|Sheopur district||Datia district|