Gwilym Lloyd George, 1st Viscount Tenby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable
The Viscount Tenby
PC TD
Gwilym Lloyd George cropped.png
Home Secretary
In office
19 October 1954 – 14 January 1957
Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Anthony Eden
Preceded by Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
Succeeded by Rab Butler
Personal details
Born 4 December 1894 (2014-07-13UTC10:30:31)
Criccieth
Died 14 February 1967 (2014-07-13UTC10:30:32) (aged 72)
Nationality Welsh
Political party Liberal
Liberal and Conservative
Spouse(s) Edna Gwenfrom Jones
(d. 1971)
Alma mater Jesus College, Cambridge

Major Gwilym Lloyd George, 1st Viscount Tenby PC TD (4 December 1894 – 14 February 1967) was a British politician and cabinet minister. A younger son of Prime Minister David Lloyd George, he served as Home Secretary from 1954 to 1957.

Background, education and military service[edit]

Born at Criccieth in north Wales, Lloyd George was the second son of Liberal Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Owen. His sister Megan was also active in politics, but the two moved in opposite political directions - Gwilym to the right, towards the Conservatives, and Megan to the left, eventually joining the Labour Party. Educated at Eastbourne College and Jesus College, Cambridge, Lloyd George was commissioned into the Royal Welch Fusiliers in 1914. In 1915 he became Aide de Camp to Major-General Ivor Phillips, commander of the 38th (Welsh) Division. He transferred to the Anti-Aircraft branch of the Royal Garrison Artillery in 1916 and rose to the rank of Major, being known for most of his political career as Major Lloyd George.

Political career[edit]

Lloyd George was Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Pembrokeshire from 1922 to 1924 and again from 1929 to 1950 (though by the late 1940s he was in effect an Independent Liberal in alliance with the Conservatives). From 1951 to 1957 he was Liberal and Conservative MP (see National Liberal) for Newcastle upon Tyne North. He was Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade in 1931 and again from 1939 to 1941, and Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food 1941–1942. He was Minister of Fuel and Power 1942–1945, Minister of Food 1951–1954, and Home Secretary and Minister for Welsh Affairs from 1954 until his retirement in 1957, when he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Tenby, of Bulford in the County of Pembroke. In 1955, during his time as Home Secretary, he had refused to commute the death sentence imposed on Ruth Ellis, leading to her becoming the last woman to be executed in the UK.

Family[edit]

Lord Tenby married Edna Gwenfron, daughter of David Jones, in 1921. They had two children: David Lloyd George, 2nd Viscount Tenby (1922–1983), and William Lloyd George, 3rd Viscount Tenby (b. 1927). He died in February 1967, aged 72, and was succeeded by his eldest son, David. Lady Tenby died in 1971.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Evan Jones
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
1922–1924
Succeeded by
Charles Price
Preceded by
Charles Price
Member of Parliament for Pembrokeshire
1929–1950
Succeeded by
Desmond Donnelly
Preceded by
Sir Cuthbert Headlam
Member of Parliament for Newcastle upon Tyne North
1951–1957
Succeeded by
William Elliott
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Boothby
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food
1940–1942
Succeeded by
William Mabane
New title
Split off from Board of Trade
Minister of Fuel and Power
1942–1945
Succeeded by
Emanuel Shinwell
Preceded by
Maurice Webb
Minister of Food
1951–1954
Succeeded by
Derick Heathcoat-Amory
as Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
Preceded by
Sir David Maxwell Fyfe
Home Secretary
1954–1957
Succeeded by
Rab Butler
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Tenby
1957–1967
Succeeded by
David Lloyd George