Gwyneddosaurus

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Gwyneddosaurus
Temporal range: Late Triassic
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Infraclass: Archosauromorpha
Order: Prolacertiformes
Family: Tanystrophidae
Genus: Gwyneddosaurus
Bock, 1945
Species
  • G. erici Bock, 1945 (type)

Gwyneddosaurus is an extinct genus of aquatic tanystropheid reptile. The type species, G. erici was described in 1945 by Wilhelm Bock, who identified it as a coelurosaurian dinosaur related to Podokesaurus (at the time, "podokesaurids" were thought to be coelurosaurians). Its remains were found in the Upper Triassic Lockatong Formation of Montgomery County, eastern Pennsylvania, and include skull fragments, several vertebra, ribs, gastralia, partial shoulder and hip bones, and several forelimb and hindlimb elements found in soft shale. The type specimen is ANSP 15072. It was discovered by Bock's four-year-old son.[1] It was not a large animal; the type skeleton was estimated by Bock as 18 centimetres (7.1 in) long,[1] and its thigh bone was only 23 millimeters long (0.91 in).[2]

Friedrich von Huene assigned the animal to Protorosauria in 1948 as the smallest known member of the group, finding it to be most like Macrocnemus.[2] Steel (1970) classified it as a theropod dinosaur,[3] whereas Olsen and Baird (1986) identified it as a chimera of mixed remains from a coelacanth and possibly the tanystropheid Tanytrachelos;[4] Olsen and Flynn (1989) later modified this interpretation, describing the type specimen of Gwyneddosaurus as a "gastric ejection" (regurgitation) composed of Tanytrachelos bones and possibly scraps of a coelacanth. They noted that this would make Gwyneddosaurus a senior synonym of Tanytrachelos, and recommended conserving the younger but better-represented genus.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bock, Wilhelm (1945). "A new small reptile from the Triassic of Pennsylvania". Notulae Naturae of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 154. 
  2. ^ a b von Huene, Friedrich (1948). "Notes on Gwyneddosaurus". American Journal of Science 246 (4): 208–213. doi:10.2475/ajs.246.4.208. 
  3. ^ Steel, R. (1970). "Part 14. Saurischia. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie/Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology". Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart: 1–87. 
  4. ^ Olsen, P. E.; Baird, D. (1986). "The ichnogenus Atreipus and its significance for Triassic biostratigraphy". In Padian, K. (editor). In The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs: Faunal Change across the Triassic-Jurassic Boundary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 61–87. ISBN 0-521-36779-4. 
  5. ^ Olsen, P. E.; Flynn, J. (1989). "Field guide to the vertebrate paleontology of Late Triassic rocks in the southwestern Newark Basin (Newark Supergroup, New Jersey and Pennsylvania)". The Mosasaur 4: 1–35.