Orczy palace of Orczy family
|• Total||54.1 km2 (20.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Gyöngyös is a town in Heves county in Hungary, 80 km (50 mi) east of Budapest. Situated at the foot of the Sár-hegy and Mátra mountains, it is the home of numerous food production plants, including milk production and sausage factories. It is also the home of many vineyards, which use the slopes of the Sárhegy to cultivate vines.
The Art-Nouveau and Baroque buildings around the main square downtown were reconstructed after a disastrous fire sparkled in the local hospital in 1917, destroying a number of buildings housing important Jewish institutions and leaving in all around 8,000 homeless.
The meaning of the town's name in English is "Made of Pearls" (pronounced as "Dyun-dyush"). The 16-17th century historian Miklós Istvánffy wrote that the name of the town comes from the Hungarian word for mistletoe (fagyöngy literally "wood-pearl"), which is abundant in the local woods. Croats from Hungary call this city Đunđuš.
Sights to visit
There are many monuments and places of interest in the town, such as the Orczy mansion with the Mátra Museum homed in the building, Saint Bartholomew Church (Saint Bartholomew Church, Gyöngyös, Hungary) in the center of town, the Treasury of Saint Bartholomew Church.
Gyöngyös is the birthplace of Hungarian Olympic swimmer Gabriella Csépe, as well as that of well-known sociologist and conference organiser Gyöngyi Horváth and Jobbik - Movement for a Better Hungary leader Gábor Vona.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Gyöngyös is twinned with:
- Pieksämäki, Finland
- Ringsted, Denmark
- Sanok, Poland
- Shusha, Azerbaijan
- Târgu Secuiesc, Romania
- Zeltweg, Austria
- Charles Hebbert, Norm Longley, Dan Richardson (2002). Hungary (Rough Guide Travel Guides). Rough Guides Ltd. p. 323. ISBN 1-85828-917-3.
- Adrian Phillips, Jo Scotchmer (2010). Bradt Travel Guides. Hungary. p. 222. ISBN 1-84162-285-0.
- A Joint Declaration was signed on fraternization of Gyöngyös city at the foot of the Mátra, the highest mountain range in Hungary, with the occupied Shusha town of Azerbaijan.
- Gyöngyös (Hungarian) at gyongyos.info
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