György Lázár

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György Lázár
LazarGyorgy.jpg
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary
In office
15 May 1975 – 25 June 1987
Preceded by Jenő Fock
Succeeded by Károly Grósz
Personal details
Born (1924-09-15) 15 September 1924 (age 89)
Isaszeg, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Hungarian Communist Party,
Hungarian Working People's Party,
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
The native form of this personal name is Lázár György. This article uses the Western name order.

György Lázár [ɟørɟ ˈlaːzaːr] (born 15 September 1924) is a former Hungarian Communist politician who served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1975 to 1987. He was retired in 1988.

Career[edit]

His original qualification is engineer. He joined Hungarian Communist Party (MKP) in 1945. He was also a member of its successor parties: Hungarian Working People's Party (MDP) since 1948 and Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (MSZMP) since 1956. From 1948 he worked for the National Planning Board (OT), he became a Deputy Head of Department and Head of Department after 1953. He served as Vice Chairman of OT between 1958 and 1970.

He was appointed to a member of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party in 1970. He served as Minister of Labour from 1970 to 1973. He became Deputy Prime Minister and Chairman of the National Planning Board in 1973 and also served as head of the State Planning Committee.

After 11th Congress of the Party in March 1975 he was elected to a member of the Political Committee. Following the downfall and resignation of Jenő Fock he was appointed Prime Minister of Hungary (officially Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary). He also became a member of the National Assembly of Hungary due elections in June. He is the second longest-serving Head of Government in history of Hungary after Kálmán Tisza. His term lasting 12 years and 41 days from 15 May 1975 until 25 June 1987. He was called Secretary-General János Kádár's "most loyal sidekick".

Lázár negotiates with Nicolae Ceauşescu on 21 December 1976

During his premiership, along with his deputies Antal Apró and György Aczél, he was a member of that delegation which took over the returned Holy Crown from U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance in the Hungarian Parliament Building.[1]

In the summer of 1987, when the highest party and state offices' major personnel changes were made (although most senior official only got another post, the same cadres stayed), Lázár was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (i.e. deputy for Kádár). Károly Grósz succeeded him in the position of Prime Minister. The previous Deputy Secretary-General Károly Németh became Chairman of the Hungarian Presidential Council following the retiring Pál Losonczi.

In May 1988 at the party's national conference, when Kádár was replaced, Lázár was one of the few ancient leaders who were not elected to the new Central Committee. He lost all of his party functions. Lázár was retired in 1988. Since then, he lives full retreating from public view.

In 2011, issue of the former communist leaders and senior officials' high state pension were highlighted. His name appeared Heti Válasz's list, as well as the names of Béla Biszku or István Kovács.[2][3]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jenő Fock
Prime Minister of Hungary
1975–1987
Succeeded by
Károly Grósz