György Thurzó

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Palatine György Thurzó

György Thurzó (Slovak: Juraj Turzo, Zsolnalitva, Hungarian Kingdom 2 September 1567 - Nagybiccse, Hungarian Kingdom 24 December 1616) was the Palatine of Hungary between (1609–1616).

Biography[edit]

György Thurzó was born into the richest noble house in Upper Hungary the Thurzó family which was of Hungarian and Polish ethnicity. When György was 9 years old, his father, Ferenc, died and he was raised by his mother Katarina Zrinski (Kata Zrínyi), who was the daughter of Croatian Ban Nikola Šubić Zrinski (Miklós Zrínyi).

In 1575, Katarina and her children moved to the Nagybiccse (now Bytča, Slovakia) estate. György's mother remarried to Imre Forgách who rather liked György and ensured him a very high standard of education with the highly regarded scientist from Saxony, Christoph Echardus.

At the age of 17, György decided to take up a military and political career which he was able to put into action against the invading Ottomans in many battles. In 1590, at the Battle of Esztergom, he won a great victory over the Ottomans and then in the same year, at the Battle of Székesfehervár. György was a very educated man; he spoke Hungarian, German, Latin, Greek and Croatian fluently, was very interested in the arts and the sciences, and he was excited by new ideas.[citation needed]

He grew up on the Royal court of then Archduke Matthias, brother of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, whom he succeeded. On the 26 April 1585, György's mother died and he was forced to return to Nagybiccse to take care of his estates of Árva (now Orava, Slovakia), Zsolnalitva (now Lietava Slovakia) and Nagybiccse.

In the same year, he married Zsófia Forgách and they had two daughters together, but Zsófia died giving birth to the second daughter in 1590. Several years later, György married Erzsébet Czobor, with whom he had 6 unnamed daughters and a son Imre Thurzó.

Thurzó is perhaps best remembered for being the judge of mass murderer and Hungarian Countess Elizabeth Báthory. He was also a very passionate Lutheran. He built Lutheran churches in his lands. He paid for the construction of Lutheran guilds in his estates. In 1610, he issued a decree: Cuius regio, eius religio. In 1609, he was bestowed with the title of, "Palatine of Hungary," and became one of the most highly regarded people in Europe.[citation needed] Until his death, he remained loyal to the Hapsburg emperor. He died in 1616, in his estate in Nagybiccse.

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