Gyeongbu Expressway

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Korean expressway route marker

Expressway No.1
Gyeongbu Expressway
Route information
Part of AH1
Length: 416 km (258 mi)
Existed: 1968 – present
Major junctions
From: Geumjeong-gu, Busan
Korea National Route No.7.svg National Route 7
To: Seocho-gu, Seoul
Korea National Route No.47.svg National Route 47
South Korea road sign 301 (old).svg Yangjae-Hannam Motorway (from Yangjae IC to Hannam IC)
Location
Major cities: Yangsan, Ulsan, Gyeongju, Yeongcheon, Gyeongsan, Daegu, Gumi, Gimcheon, Daejeon, Cheongju, Cheonan, Anseong, Osan, Hwaseong, Yongin, Seongnam
Highway system
National highways of South Korea
Expressways in South Korea
Gyeongbu Expressway
Hangul 경부고속도로
Hanja 京釜高速道路
Revised Romanization Gyeongbu Gosok Doro
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngbu Kosok Toro
Highway bus lane on Gyeongbu Expressway in South Korea

The Gyeongbu Expressway (Korean: 경부고속도로; Gyeongbu Gosokdoro) (Asian Highway Network AH1) is the second oldest and most heavily travelled expressway in South Korea, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Gumi, Daegu, and Busan. It has the route number 1, signifying its role as South Korea's most important expressway. The entire length from Seoul to Busan is 416 km and the posted speed limit is 100 km/h, enforced primarily by speed cameras.

History[edit]

  • February 1968 - Construction begins at the behest of South Korean President Park Chung-hee.
  • 21 December 1968 - Seoul-Suwon segment opens to traffic.
  • 30 December 1968 - Suwon-Osan segment opens to traffic.
  • 29 September 1969 - Osan-Cheonan segment opens to traffic.
  • 10 December 1969 - Cheonan-Daejeon segment opens to traffic.
  • 19 December 1969 - Busan-Daegu (via Gyeongju) segment opens to traffic.
  • 7 July 1970 - The last segment, the mountainous Daejeon-Daegu segment, opens to traffic, completing South Korea's first long-distance limited access expressway.
  • December 1987 - Work begins to widen to six lanes in selected areas. Some areas are widened to 8 or 10 lanes by 1996.
  • February 1995 - Bus-only lane (essentially an HOV-9) established between the northern terminus and Sintanjin for important holidays.
  • 14 July 2000 - Eight vehicles, including three buses and a five-ton truck, collide near Gimcheon, killing 18 and injuring over 100.
  • 25 August 2001 - All expressways in South Korea reorganize under a pattern modeled after the United States' Interstate Highway System. The Gyeongbu Expressway's route number of 1 is the only one not to change; however, its kilometer markers change from a north-south progression to south-north.
  • December 2002 - Korea National Expressway Corporation passes control of the northernmost 9 km stretch of expressway (between Yangjae and Hannam Bridge) to the City of Seoul.
  • 1 July 2008 - Bus lane enforcement between Seoul and Osan (Sintanjin on weekends) becomes daily between 6 AM and 10 PM. On 1 October this is adjusted to 7 AM to 9 PM weekdays, 9 AM to 9 PM weekends.

Compositions[edit]

Speed limit[edit]

  • Cheonan JC ~ Yangjae IC : 110km/h
  • Guseo IC ~ Cheonan JC : 100km/h

List of Facilities[edit]

  • IC: Interchange, JC: Junction, SA: Service Area, TG: Tollgate
No. Name Korean Name Hanja Name La-
nes
Connections Notes Location
1 Guseo IC 구서 나들목 久瑞나들목 6 Byeonyeong-ro
(Busan city expressway route 11)
  Geumjeong-gu,
Busan
1-1 Yeongnak IC 영락 나들목 永樂나들목    
TG Busan TG 부산 요금소 釜山料金所    
2 Nopo IC 노포 나들목 老圃나들목 National Route 7 (AH6)  
SA Yangsan SA 양산 휴게소 梁山休憩所   Seoul-bound Only Yangsan,
Gyeongsangnam-do
3 Yangsan JC 양산 분기점 梁山分岐點 Jungang Branch Expressway
(Expressway Route 551)
 
4 Yangsan IC 양산 나들목 梁山나들목 National Route 35  
5 Tongdosa IC 통도사 나들목 通度寺나들목 National Route 35   Ulju,
Ulsan
6 W.Ulsan IC
(Samnam)
서.울산 나들목
(삼남)
西蔚山나들목
(三南)
National Route 35  
7 Eonyang JC 언양 분기점 彦陽分岐點 Ulsan Expressway
(Expressway Route 16)
 
4
SA Eonyang SA 언양 휴게소 彦陽休憩所    
SA Gyeongju SA 경주 휴게소 慶州休憩所   Busan-bound Only Gyeongju,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
9 Gyeongju IC 경주 나들목 慶州나들목 National Route 7 (AH6)
National Route 35
 
SA Geoncheon SA 건천 휴게소 乾川休憩所   No Gas Station on Busan-bound
10 Geoncheon IC 건천 나들목 乾川나들목 National Route 20  
11 Yeongcheon IC 영천 나들목 永川나들목 National Route 4   Yeongcheon,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
6
SA Pyeongsa SA 평사 휴게소 坪沙休憩所   Busan-bound only Gyeongsan,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
SA Gyeongsan SA 경산 휴게소 慶山休憩所   Seoul-bound only
12 Gyeongsan IC 경산 나들목 慶山나들목 Provincial Route 919  
8
13 E.Daegu JC 동대구 분기점 東大邱分岐點 Jungang Expressway
Daegu-Busan Expressway
(Both are Expressway Route 55)
  Dong-gu,
Daegu
14 Dodong JC 도동 분기점 道洞分岐點 Iksan-Pohang Expressway
(Expressway Route 20)
 
16 N.Daegu IC 북대구 나들목 北大邱나들목 National Route 4
Sincheon-daero
(Daegu city expressway route 11)
  Buk-gu,
Daegu
17 Geumho JC 금호 분기점 琴湖分岐點 Jungang Expressway
(Expressway Route 55)
Jungbu Naeryuk Branch Expressway
(Expressway Route 451)
 
18 Chilgok Logistics IC 칠곡물류 나들목 漆谷物流나들목 National Route 4   Chilgok,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
19 Waegwan IC 왜관 나들목 倭館나들목 National Route 4
Provincial Route 79
 
SA Chilgok SA 칠곡 휴게소 漆谷休憩所    
20 S.Gumi IC 남구미 나들목 南龜尾나들목 National Route 33   Gumi,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
21 Gumi IC 구미 나들목 龜尾나들목 National Route 33  
22 Gimcheon JC 김천 분기점 金泉分岐點 Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway
(Expressway Route 45)
  Gimcheon,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
22-1 E.Gimcheon IC 동김천 나들목 東金泉나들목  
SA Gimcheon SA 김천 휴게소 金泉休憩所    
23 Gimcheon IC 김천 나들목 金泉나들목 National Route 4  
6
SA Chupungnyeong SA 추풍령 휴게소 秋風嶺休憩所    
24 Chupungnyeong IC 추풍령 나들목 秋風嶺나들목 National Route 4 in Chupungnyeong SA
25 Hwanggan IC 황간 나들목 黃澗나들목 National Route 4   Yeongdong,
Chungcheongbuk-do
SA Hwanggan SA 황간 휴게소 黃澗休憩所    
26 Yeongdong IC 영동 나들목 永同나들목 National Route 4  
4
SA Geumgang SA 금강 휴게소 錦江休憩所     Okcheon,
Chungcheongbuk-do
27 Geumgang IC 금강 나들목 錦江나들목 National Route 4 in Geumgang SA
SA Okcheon SA 옥천 휴게소 沃川休憩所    
28 Okcheon IC 옥천 나들목 沃川나들목 National Route 4  
6
29 Biryong JC 비룡 분기점 飛龍分岐點 Jungbu Expressway
Tongyeong-Daejeon Expressway
(Both are Expressway Route 35)
Daejeon Nambu Sunhwan Expressway
(Expressway Route 300)
  Dong-gu,
Daejeon
30 Daejeon IC 대전 나들목 大田나들목 National Route 17   Daedeok-gu,
Daejeon
31 Hoedeok JC 회덕 분기점 懷德分岐點 Dangjin-Yeongdeok Expressway
(Expressway Route 30)
Honam Expressway Branch Line
(Expressway Route 251)
 
8
SA Sintanjin SA 신탄진 휴게소 新灘津休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
32 Sintanjin IC 신탄진 나들목 新灘津나들목 National Route 17  
SA Jugam SA 죽암 휴게소 竹岩休憩所     Cheongwon,
Chungcheongbuk-do
33 Cheongwon IC 청원 나들목 淸原나들목 National Route 17  
34 Cheongwon JC 청원 분기점 淸原分岐點 Dangjin-Sangju Expressway
(Expressway Route 30)
 
10
35 Nami JC 남이 분기점 南二分岐點 Jungbu Expressway
(Expressway Route 35)
 
6
36 Cheongju IC 청주 나들목 淸州나들목 National Route 36   Cheongju,
Chungcheongbuk-do
SA Oksan SA 옥산 휴게소 玉山休憩所   Busan-bound Only
SA Cheongwon SA 청원 휴게소 淸原休憩所   Seoul-bound Only Cheongwon,
Chungcheongbuk-do
SA Cheonan SA 천안 휴게소 天安休憩所   Busan-bound Only Cheonan,
Chungcheongbuk-do
37 Mokcheon IC 목천 나들목 木川나들목 National Route 21  
38 Cheonan JC 천안 분기점 天安分岐點 Nonsan-Cheonan Expressway
(Expressway Route 25)
 
8
SA Cheonansamgeori SA 천안삼거리 휴게소 天安三거리休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
39 Cheonan IC 천안 나들목 天安나들목 Provincial Route 23  
SA Manghyang SA 망향 휴게소 望鄕休憩所   Busan-bound Only
39-1 N.Cheonan IC 북천안 나들목 北天安나들목 National Route 34
SA Ipjang SA 입장 휴게소 笠場休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
40 Anseong IC 안성 나들목 安城나들목 National Route 38   Anseong, Gyeonggi-do
SA Anseong SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Busan-bound Only
41 Anseong JC 안성 분기점 安城分岐點 Pyeongtaek–Jecheon Expressway
(Expressway Route 40)
 
SA Anseong SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
42 Osan IC 오산 나들목 五山나들목 National Route 1 Osan, Gyeonggi-do
42-1 Dongtan JC 동탄 분기점 東炭分岐點 Capital Region 2nd Belt Expressway
(Expressway Route 400)
  Hwaseong,
Gyeonggi-do
43A Giheung-Dongtan IC 기흥동탄나들목 基興東炭나들목 National Route 43   Suwon,
Gyeonggi-do
43B Giheung IC 기흥나들목 基興나들목 National Route 43 Seoul-bound Only Yongin,
Gyeonggi-do
SA Giheung SA 기흥 휴게소 基興休憩所   Busan-bound Only
44 Suwon IC 수원 나들목 水原나들목 National Route 42  
45 Singal JC 신갈 분기점 新葛分岐點 Yeongdong Expressway
(Expressway Route 50)
 
10
SA Jukjeon SA 죽전 휴게소 竹田休憩所   Seoul-bound Only
TG Seoul TG 서울 요금소 서울 料金所     Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do
47 Pangyo IC 판교 나들목 板橋나들목 Provincial Route 23 Busan-bound Only
48A Pangyo JC 판교 분기점 板橋分岐點 Seoul Ring Expressway
(Expressway Route 100)
 
48B Daewang-Pangyo IC 대왕판교 나들목 大往板橋나들목 Provincial Route 23 Busan-bound Only, Small Car Only
SA Seoul Underground Rendezvous SA 서울 만남의 광장 휴게소 서울 만남의 廣場 休憩所   Busan-bound Only Seocho-gu, Seoul
49 Yangjae IC 양재 나들목 良才나들목 National Route 47 Yangjae-Hannam Motorway  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]