North Gyeongsang Province

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Coordinates: 36°15′N 128°45′E / 36.250°N 128.750°E / 36.250; 128.750

North Gyeongsang Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑Reischauer Kyŏngsangbuk-to
 • Revised Romanization Gyeongsangbuk-do
Official logo of North Gyeongsang Province
Location of North Gyeongsang Province
Country South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Capital Daegu
Subdivisions 10 cities; 13 counties
 • Governor Kim Kwan-yong
 • Total 19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Population (October, 2014)[1]
 • Total 2,700,328
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 141.7/km2 (367/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • Flower Crape-myrtle
 • Tree Zelcova
 • Bird Common Heron
Dialect Gyeongsang

North Gyeongsang Province (Korean: 경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.

The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office is located in Daegu, but Daegu has not been a part of the province since 1981. Daegu was the capital of Gyeongsang-do before 1896 and Gyeongsangbuk between 1896 and 1981. The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office will be relocated in a borderland between Andong and Yecheon.[2]

The area of the province is 19,030 square kilometres (7,350 sq mi), 19.1% of the total area of South Korea.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, and on the north by Gangwon-do Province. During the summer, Gyeongsangbuk-do is perhaps the hottest province in South Korea. This is helped by the fact that the province is largely surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west.


Gyeongsangbuk-do is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province.

Sister provinces[edit]


Circle frame.svg

Religion in North Gyeongsang (2005)[5]

  Not religious (47.5%)
  Buddhism (33.9%)
  Protestantism (11.5%)
  Catholicism (7.1%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of North Gyeongsang 33.9% follow Buddhism and 18.6% follow Christianity (11.5% Protestantism and 7.1% Catholicism).[5] 47.5% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities (si) and 13 counties (gun). The names below are given in English, hangul, and hanja.

Night view of Pohang

Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2013)[6]
North Gyeongsang Municipal.svg
1 Pohang 포항시 浦項市 519,060
2 Gumi 구미시 龜尾市 417,708
3 Gyeongsan 경산시 慶山市 247,613
4 Gyeongju 경주시 慶州市 263,704
5 Andong 안동시 安東市 167,826
6 Gimcheon 김천시 金泉市 135,191
7 Yeongju 영주시 榮州市 112,482
8 Sangju 상주시 尙州市 103,950
9 Yeongcheon 영천시 永川市 101,295
10 Mungyeong 문경시 聞慶市 75,749
11 Chilgok County 칠곡군 漆谷郡 120,135
12 Uiseong County 의성군 義城郡 56,777
13 Uljin County 울진군 蔚珍郡 51,723
14 Yecheon County 예천군 醴泉郡 45,948
15 Cheongdo County 청도군 淸道郡 43,787
16 Seongju County 성주군 星州郡 44,824
17 Yeongdeok County 영덕군 盈德郡 40,213
18 Goryeong County 고령군 高靈郡 35,281
19 Bonghwa County 봉화군 奉化郡 33,936
20 Cheongsong County 청송군 靑松郡 26,432
21 Gunwi County 군위군 軍威郡 24,104
22 Yeongyang County 영양군 英陽郡 18,259
23 Ulleung County 울릉군 鬱陵郡 10,557

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Jang Byeong-cheol (장병철, 7 April 2009). "도청이전 신도시 개발 본격화". Kyongbuk Ilbo (Pohang).
  3. ^ 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ К. ПУЛИКОВСКИЙ посетит Южную Корею
  5. ^ a b 2005 Census - Religion Results
  6. ^ 2013년 1분기 주민등록인구현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 

External links[edit]