Gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics

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Gymnastics at the
1976 Summer Olympics
Artistic
Team all-around   men   women

Individual all-around men women
Vault men women
Floor men women
Pommel horse men
Rings men
Parallel bars men
Horizontal bar men
Uneven bars women
Balance beam women

At the 1976 Summer Olympics, fourteen different artistic gymnastics events were contested, eight for men and six for women. All events were held at the Montreal Forum in Montreal from July 18 through 23.

For the first time in Olympic competition, countries were limited to having three gymnasts in the all-around competition and two gymnasts in each apparatus final. This was a controversial decision, which prevented many gymnasts of strong teams (like the USSR) from competing in the finals. In addition, for the first time the number of countries allowed to bring full teams of six gymnasts and compete in the team competition was limited to twelve. The results of the team competition at the previous world championships determined which countries were allowed to bring teams.

Format of competition[edit]

The gymnastics competition at the 1976 Summer Olympics was carried out in three stages:

  • Competition I - The team competition/qualification round in which all gymnasts, including those who were not part of a team, performed both compulsory and optional exercises. The combined scores of all team members determined the final score of the team. The thirty-six overall highest scoring gymnasts qualified to the individual all-around competition. The six highest scoring gymnasts on each apparatus qualified to the final for that apparatus.
  • Competition II - The individual all-around competition, in which those who qualified from Competition I performed exercises on each apparatus. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her in Competition II.
  • Competition III - The apparatus finals, in which those who qualified during Competition I performed an exercise on the individual apparatus on which he or she had qualified. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast on that particular apparatus during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her on that particular apparatus in Competition III.

Each country was limited to three gymnasts in the all-around final and two gymnasts in each apparatus final.

Medal summary[edit]

Men's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team all-around
details
 Japan (JPN)
Shun Fujimoto
Hisato Igarashi
Hiroshi Kajiyama
Sawao Kato
Eizo Kenmotsu
Mitsuo Tsukahara
 Soviet Union (URS)
Nikolai Andrianov
Alexander Dityatin
Gennady Krysin
Vladimir Marchenko
Vladimir Markelov
Vladimir Tikhonov
 East Germany (GDR)
Roland Brückner
Rainer Hanschke
Bernd Jäger
Wolfgang Klotz
Lutz Mack
Michael Nikolay
Individual all-around
details
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Sawao Kato
Japan (JPN)
 Mitsuo Tsukahara
Japan (JPN)
Floor
details
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Vladimir Marchenko
Soviet Union (URS)
 Peter Kormann
United States (USA)
Pommel horse
details
 Zoltán Magyar
Hungary (HUN)
 Eizo Kenmotsu
Japan (JPN)
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Michael Nikolay
East Germany (GDR)
Rings
details
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Alexander Dityatin
Soviet Union (URS)
 Danuţ Grecu
Romania (ROU)
Vault
details
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Mitsuo Tsukahara
Japan (JPN)
 Hiroshi Kajiyama
Japan (JPN)
Parallel bars
details
 Sawao Kato
Japan (JPN)
 Nikolai Andrianov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Mitsuo Tsukahara
Japan (JPN)
Horizontal bar
details
 Mitsuo Tsukahara
Japan (JPN)
 Eizo Kenmotsu
Japan (JPN)
 Eberhard Gienger
West Germany (FRG)
 Henri Boerio
France (FRA)

Women's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team all-around
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Maria Filatova
Svetlana Grozdova
Nellie Kim
Olga Korbut
Elvira Saadi
Ludmila Tourischeva
 Romania (ROM)
Nadia Comăneci
Mariana Constantin
Georgeta Gabor
Anca Grigoraș
Gabriela Trușcă
Teodora Ungureanu
 East Germany (GDR)
Carola Dombeck
Gitta Escher
Kerstin Gerschau
Angelika Hellmann
Marion Kische
Steffi Kraker
Individual all-around
details
 Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROM)
 Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (URS)
 Ludmila Tourischeva
Soviet Union (URS)
Vault
details
 Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (URS)
 Ludmila Tourischeva
Soviet Union (URS)
 Carola Dombeck
East Germany (GDR)
None awarded
Uneven bars
details
 Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROM)
 Teodora Ungureanu
Romania (ROM)
 Márta Egervári
Hungary (HUN)
Balance beam
details
 Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROM)
 Olga Korbut
Soviet Union (URS)
 Teodora Ungureanu
Romania (ROM)
Floor
details
 Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (URS)
 Ludmila Tourischeva
Soviet Union (URS)
 Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROM)

Medal table[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 7 8 2 17
2 Japan 3 4 3 10
3 Romania 3 2 3 8
4 Hungary 1 0 1 2
5 East Germany 0 1 3 4
6 France 0 0 1 1
West Germany 0 0 1 1
United States 0 0 1 1
Total 14 15 15 44

See also[edit]

References[edit]