Gymnastics at the 1988 Summer Olympics

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Gymnastics at the
1988 Summer Olympics
Artistic
Team all-around   men   women

Individual all-around men women
Vault men women
Floor men women
Pommel horse men
Rings men
Parallel bars men
Horizontal bar men
Uneven bars women
Balance beam women
Rhythmic
Individual all-around women

At the 1988 Summer Olympics, two different gymnastics disciplines were contested: artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics. The artistic gymnastics events were held at the Olympic Gymnastics Hall in Seoul from September 18 through 25th. The rhythmic gymnastics events were held at the same venue from September 28 through 30th.

For the first time in Olympic competition, each routine in women's artistic gymnastics events was judged by six judges, with the final score composed of the average of the judges' scores, after the highest and lowest marks were dropped. Men's routines continued to be judged by four judges, as at previous Olympics.

Artistic gymnastics[edit]

Format of competition[edit]

The gymnastics competition at the 1988 Summer Olympics was carried out in three stages:

  • Competition I - The team competition/qualification round in which all gymnasts, including those who were not part of a team, performed both compulsory and optional exercises. The top five scores per team on each exercise determined the final score of the team. The thirty-six highest scoring gymnasts in the all-around qualified to the individual all-around competition. The eight highest scoring gymnasts on each apparatus qualified to the final for that apparatus.
  • Competition II - The individual all-around competition, in which those who qualified from Competition I performed exercises on each apparatus. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her in Competition II.
  • Competition III - The apparatus finals, in which those who qualified during Competition I performed an exercise on the individual apparatus on which he or she had qualified. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast on that particular apparatus during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her on that particular apparatus in Competition III.

Each country was limited to three gymnasts in the all-around final and two gymnasts in each apparatus final.

Men's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team all-around
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Vladimir Artemov
Dmitri Bilozertchev
Vladimir Gogoladze
Sergei Kharkov
Valeri Liukin
Vladimir Nouvikov
 East Germany (GDR)
Holger Behrendt
Ralf Buechner
Ulf Hoffmann
Sylvio Kroll
Sven Tippelt
Andreas Wecker
 Japan (JPN)
Yukio Iketani
Hiroyuki Konishi
Koichi Mizushima
Daisuke Nishikawa
Toshiharu Sato
Takahiro Yameda
Individual all-around
details
 Vladimir Artemov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Valeri Liukin
Soviet Union (URS)
 Dmitry Bilozerchev
Soviet Union (URS)
Floor
details
 Sergei Kharkov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Vladimir Artemov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Lou Yun
China (CHN)
 Yukio Iketani
Japan (JPN)
Pommel horse
details
 Lyubomir Gueraskov
Bulgaria (BUL)
none awarded none awarded
 Zsolt Borkai
Hungary (HUN)
 Dmitri Bilozertchev
Soviet Union (URS)
Rings
details
 Holger Behrendt
East Germany (GDR)
none awarded  Sven Tippelt
East Germany (GDR)
 Dimitri Bilozertchev
Soviet Union (URS)
Vault
details
 Lou Yun
China (CHN)
 Sylvio Kroll
East Germany (GDR)
 Park Jong-Hoon
South Korea (KOR)
Parallel bars
details
 Vladimir Artemov
Soviet Union (URS)
 Valeri Liukin
Soviet Union (URS)
 Sven Tippelt
East Germany (GDR)
Horizontal bar
details
 Vladimir Artemov
Soviet Union (URS)
none awarded  Holger Behrendt
East Germany (GDR)
 Valeri Liukin
Soviet Union (URS)
 Marius Gherman
Romania (ROU)

Women's events[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team all-around
details
 Soviet Union (URS)
Svetlana Baitova
Svetlana Boginskaya
Natalia Laschenova
Elena Shevchenko
Elena Shushunova
Olga Strazheva
 Romania (ROU)
Aurelia Dobre
Eugenia Golea
Celestina Popa
Gabriela Potorac
Daniela Silivaş
Camelia Voinea
 East Germany (GDR)
Gabriele Faehnrich
Martina Jentsch
Dagmar Kersten
Ulrike Klotz
Betti Schieferdecker
Dörte Thümmler
Individual all-around
details
 Elena Shushunova
Soviet Union (URS)
 Daniela Silivaş
Romania (ROU)
 Svetlana Boginskaya
Soviet Union (URS)
Vault
details
 Svetlana Boginskaya
Soviet Union (URS)
 Gabriela Potorac
Romania (ROU)
 Daniela Silivaş
Romania (ROU)
Uneven bars
details
 Daniela Silivaş
Romania (ROU)
 Dagmar Kersten
East Germany (GDR)
 Elena Shushunova
Soviet Union (URS)
Balance beam
details
 Daniela Silivaş
Romania (ROU)
 Elena Shushunova
Soviet Union (URS)
 Gabriela Potorac
Romania (ROU)
 Phoebe Mills
United States (USA)
Floor
details
 Daniela Silivaş
Romania (ROU)
 Svetlana Boginskaya
Soviet Union (URS)
 Diana Doudeva
Bulgaria (BUL)

Rhythmic gymnastics[edit]

Rules for the rhythmic gymnastics competition also changed since the previous Olympics. The ball apparatus was replaced by the rope. Thirty-nine gymnasts competed in the preliminary round, the format for which was similar to the finals. The twenty best gymnasts competed in the finals. Each competitor's score in the preliminary round, divided by two (the "prelim" score) was added to gymnast's score in the finals (the "final" score).

Each of the routines in was judged by six judges, highest and lowest marks were dropped, and an average of four remaining ones was gymnast's score for the routine.

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual all-around
details
 Marina Lobatch
Soviet Union (URS)
 Adriana Dunavska
Bulgaria (BUL)
 Alexandra Timoshenko
Soviet Union (URS)

Medal summary[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 12 5 4 21
2 Romania 3 3 2 8
3 East Germany 1 3 4 8
4 Bulgaria 1 1 1 3
5 China 1 0 1 2
6 Hungary 1 0 0 1
7 Japan 0 0 2 2
8 South Korea 0 0 1 1
United States 0 0 1 1
Total 19 12 16 49

References[edit]