(G. Shaw, 1795)
The turkey moray is a medium size moray which can reach a maximum length of 120 cm, but specimens usually encountered are much smaller. Its serpentine in shape body has a dark brown to black background color dotted with numerous small white spots uniformly distributed. The inside of its mouth is completely white.
Distribution & habitat
The white-mouth moray is widespread trough out the Indo-Pacific area from eastern coast of Africa, Red Sea included, until Polynesia and Hawaii and from south Pen Island,Japan to New Caledonia. This is a relatively rare moray even within its distribution area except in Hawaii , where it seems to be common.
It likes shallow waters from lagoons and reefs rich in coral and fish life until 36 meters deep, spending time in holes in the reef to quickly emerge to grasp passing fish by surprise attack. They sense prey by detecting smell through the water causing many attack mishaps.
- Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
- Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
- Kuiter, R.H., 1998. Photo guide to fishes of the Maldives. Atoll Editions, Victoria, Australia. 257 p.
- Hobson, E.S., 1974. Feeding relationships of teleostean fishes on coral reefs in Kona, Hawaii. Fish. Bull. 72(4):915-1031.
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- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Gymnothorax meleagris" in FishBase. June 2006 version.
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