Hämeenlinna

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Hämeenlinna
Tavastehus
City
Hämeenlinnan kaupunki
View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The castle is visible to the right.
View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The castle is visible to the right.
Coat of arms of Hämeenlinna
Coat of arms
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Coordinates: 61°00′N 024°28′E / 61.000°N 24.467°E / 61.000; 24.467Coordinates: 61°00′N 024°28′E / 61.000°N 24.467°E / 61.000; 24.467
Country Finland
Region Tavastia Proper
Sub-region Hämeenlinna sub-region
Charter 1639
Government
 • City manager Tapani Hellstén
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 2,031.55 km2 (784.39 sq mi)
 • Land 1,785.76 km2 (689.49 sq mi)
 • Water 245.79 km2 (94.90 sq mi)
Area rank 42nd largest in Finland
Population (2014-01-31)[2]
 • Total 67,766
 • Rank 14th largest in Finland
 • Density 37.95/km2 (98.3/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 97.5% (official)
 • Swedish 0.3%
 • Others 2.2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 15.8%
 • 15 to 64 64.7%
 • 65 or older 19.5%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19%
Website www.hameenlinna.fi

Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus) is a city and municipality of about 68,000 inhabitants[2] in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland and is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper, and until 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km or 61 mi), Tampere (73 km or 45 mi) and Lahti (72 km or 45 mi).

The medieval Häme Castle (Hämeen linna) is located in the city.

Hämeenlinna: Sibelius House

The municipalities of Hauho, Kalvola, Lammi, Renko and Tuulos were consolidated with Hämeenlinna on 1 January 2009.

History[edit]

There was a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure Swedish power in central Finland. A village was established near Häme Castle to provide services and goods to its inhabitants.

The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre (0.6 miles) south to the hill on which it still stands.

The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterised Hämeenlinna's life throughout history.

Finland's first railway line opened between Hämeenlinna and Helsinki in 1862. The current Hämeenlinna railway station (Rautatieasema in Finnish) was built in 1921.

Notable persons[edit]

The composer Jean Sibelius was born and raised in Hämeenlinna. He graduated from Hämeenlinna Lyseo in 1885.

Poet Eino Leino graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio.

Juho Kusti Paasikivi (seventh President of Finland) graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio (Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio is Hämeenlinna Lyseo Upper secondary school, roughly the equivalent of a US highschool).

The folk/Viking metal band Turisas is from Hämeenlinna.

Antony Hämäläinen (former vocalist for the Greek/Swedish Melodic Death Metal band Nightrage and current Meridian Dawn singer) was born in Hämeenlinna.

Strongman and actor Jouko Ahola was born in Hämeenlinna. He won the 1997 and 1999 World's Strongest Man, and now serves as a one of the judges at the contest.

HC Fribourg-Gottéron forward Antti Miettinen was born in Hämeenlinna in 1980 and returns there in the off-season.

Kimi Räikkönen (Formula One driver) and Jenni Dahlman were married in 2004 in Hämeenlinna.

Economy[edit]

Largest employers (by number of employees) [6][edit]

International relations[edit]

October sunset - Hämeenlinna

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Hämeenlinna is twinned with:

Sport[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ [1] Taskutietoa Hämeenlinnasta, a factbook published by the city of Hämeenlinna (pdf download, in Finnish)
  7. ^ Hämeenlinna's official website: twin towns
  8. ^ "Stadt Celle". www.celle.de. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  9. ^ "Frederiksberg Municipality - Twin Towns" (in Danish). [[copyright|]]2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  10. ^ "Miasta bliźniacze Torunia" [Toruń's twin towns]. Urząd Miasta Torunia [City of Toruń Council] (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-22. 

External links[edit]