Hîncești

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hînceşti)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hînceşti
Hînceşti is located in Moldova
Hînceşti
Hînceşti
Location within Moldova
Coordinates: 46°49′N 28°35′E / 46.817°N 28.583°E / 46.817; 28.583Coordinates: 46°49′N 28°35′E / 46.817°N 28.583°E / 46.817; 28.583
Country  Moldova
County Hînceşti District
Government
 • Mayor Alexandru Botnari, re-elected in 2007
Population (2012)
 • Total 16,900
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +373 269

Hînceşti (Romanian pronunciation: [hɨnˈt͡ʃeʃtʲ]) is a city in Moldova, also written without diacritics as "Hincesti" (Cyrillic: Хынчешть).

Hînceşti is situated on the Cogalnic River, 33 km (21 mi) southwest of the Moldovan capital, Chişinău. Since 2003 it has been the seat of Raionul Hînceşti (Hînceşti District).

History[edit]

Hînceşti was established in 1500 AD as Dobreni.[1] [2] Within the Russian Empire it was known under the Russified name Gincheshty (Гинчешты), but in Romanian Hînceşti. In 1940 the name was changed to Kotovskoe after Grigore Kotovski, who was born there. But from 1941 to 1944 it was again known as Hînceşti. From 1945 to 1965 it was called Kotovskoe, which in 1965 was changed to Kotovsk. Since 1990 it is again called Hînceşti.

Hînceşti was the home of Saint Parminu.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

In 1890 Hînceşti had 3,098 people. By 1970 the population was 14.3 thousand, and by 1991, 19.3 thousand. As of 2006 census it had 19.5 thousand residents.

Education[edit]

There are four Lyceum (junior colleges) in Hînceşti:

  • Mihai Viteazul Lyceum
  • M. Lomonosov Lyceum
  • Mihai Sadoveanu Lyceum
  • M. Eminescu Lyceum

Notable citizens[edit]

  • Leonid Abramovich Anulov (1897–1974), a Soviet intelligence officer, organizer of clandestine intelligence networks (the so-called "Red Orchestra") in Switzerland.
  • Grigory Ivanovich Kotowski (1881–1925), Soviet military leader and Communist activist.
  • Yankl Yankelevich (1905–1938), Jewish poet who wrote in Yiddish
  • Nadia Stiers (née Reznik) in 1903, communist millitant

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Drochia is twinned with:

External anchors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Not to be confused with Dobreni, Romania (Latitude: 44° 25' 0 N, Longitude: 25° 7' 0 E).
  2. ^ Viorel, Miron (2006) "Managementul resurselor turistice în mediul rural din Republica Moldova" p. 99, doctoral thesis, Economics Department, Universitatea Agrarǎ de Stat din Moldova, Chişinău, in Romanian