Hòa Bình Dam

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Hòa Bình Dam
Thủy điện Hòa Bình.JPG
Hòa Bình Hydropower Company offices
Hòa Bình Dam is located in Vietnam
Hòa Bình Dam
Location of Hòa Bình Dam
Country Vietnam
Location Hòa Bình
Coordinates 20°48′30″N 105°19′26″E / 20.80833°N 105.32389°E / 20.80833; 105.32389Coordinates: 20°48′30″N 105°19′26″E / 20.80833°N 105.32389°E / 20.80833; 105.32389
Status Operational
Construction began November 1979
Opening date 1994
Construction cost 1.5 billion (1996)
Owner(s) Vietnam Electricity
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment dam
Impounds Black River
Height 128 m (420 ft)
Length 970 m (3,182 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Sông Đà Reservoir
Total capacity 1,600,000,000 m3 (5.7×1010 cu ft)
Surface area 208 km2 (80 sq mi)
Power station
Type Conventional
Turbines 8 × 240 MW
Installed capacity 1,920 MW
Annual generation 8,160 GWh

The Hòa Bình Dam on the Black River (Vietnamese: sông Đà) is the largest hydroelectric dam in Vietnam, and also the largest in South East Asia.[1] Power is generated by utilizing eight turbines with a capacity of 240 MW, totalling the installed capacity to 1,920 MW.[2] The Sông Đà Reservoir (Black River Reservoir) was formed as the river was dammed.[3]

The dam is located on the Black River in Hòa Bình of the Hòa Bình Province, in Vietnam.[4] It measures 128 m (420 ft) in height, and 970 m (3,182 ft) in length. The facility is owned by Vietnam Electricity, and produces up to 8,160 GWh of power annually. Construction on the rockfill dam began in November 1979 and was completed in 1994.[1][5]

Financed and built with the Russian money and experts it now produces approximately 27% of Vietnam's electricity and is currently staffed by 800 workers. 11,141 households, approximately 89,720 people, were relocated[6] with 13 thousand ha of land being submerged. During construction there were 168 deaths, eleven Russian experts and 157 Vietnamese. On the neighboring Tuong Hill a 18m high, 400 ton statue of Ho Chi Minh stands looking over the dam. [7] The story goes that when Ho Chi Minh crossed the Red River here in a boat during the nation's struggle for independence against America he was so frustrated with the difficulty that he proclaimed that when North and South are reunified a dam will be built to calm the mighty river.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hydroelectric power stations in Vietnam". Industcards.com. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  2. ^ Hoa Binh Hydro Power Plant[dead link]
  3. ^ "Song Da Reservoir". Song Da Reservoir. ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation. Retrieved 4 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Location of the Hòa Bình Dam". Virtualglobetrotting.com. 2007-01-22. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  5. ^ "Mekong Utility Watch - Resettlement Performance - Hoa Binh Hydropower Project" (PDF). Probe International. 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  6. ^ Dan, Phuc Tiep. "Hoa Binh Hydropower: Impacts on resettled and downstream communities". Hoa Binh Union of Science and Technology Association. 
  7. ^ ToursInVietnam. "Hoa-Binh-Hydropower-Plant".