Hürth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hürth
Saint Catherine parish church
Saint Catherine parish church
Coat of arms of Hürth
Coat of arms
Hürth is located in Germany
Hürth
Hürth
Coordinates: 50°52′39″N 6°52′34″E / 50.87750°N 6.87611°E / 50.87750; 6.87611Coordinates: 50°52′39″N 6°52′34″E / 50.87750°N 6.87611°E / 50.87750; 6.87611
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Rhein-Erft-Kreis
Subdivisions 12
Government
 • Mayor Walther Boecker (SPD)
Area
 • Total 51.173 km2 (19.758 sq mi)
Elevation 54 - 154 m (−500 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 56,435
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 50354
Dialling codes 02233
Vehicle registration BM
Website www.huerth.de

Hürth is a town in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Hürth shares borders with the city of Cologne.

Geography[edit]

Hürth is situated about 6 km to the southwest of Cologne city centre, at the northeastern slope of the natural preserve Kottenforst-Ville.

The town, consisting of thirteen formerly independent villages, is essentially made up of numerous subdivisions and commercial centres distributed over a relatively large area. The municipal area is intermitted by lakes and stretches of forest.

Coat of arms[edit]

Hürth's coat of arms shows an eagle from the family coat of arms belonging to the knight Hurth von Schönecken, the cross of Cologne and a cogwheel that refers to the heavy industry. It was awarded to the community on October 26, 1934, by a verdict of the Prussian Ministry of State.

Districts[edit]

  • Alstädten/Burbach
  • Alt-Hürth
  • Berrenrath
  • Efferen
  • Fischenich
  • Gleuel
  • Hermülheim
  • Hürth-Mitte
  • Kalscheuren
  • Kendenich
  • Knapsack
  • Sielsdorf
  • Stotzheim

History[edit]

Burg Kendenich

On April 1, 1930, the rural communities of Hürth (with Alstädten and Knapsack), Berrenrath, Fischenich, Gleuel (with Sielsdorf and Burbach), Hermülheim and Kendenich (with Kalscheuren) were united into a new country community called Hürth. After same year's failed attempt by the city of Cologne, with its then-mayor Konrad Adenauer, to incorporate Efferen, Efferen was associated to Hürth in 1933, in tandem with Stotzheim. This made Hürth the largest rural community of Germany until 1978, when Hürth ceased being a rural community and became a suburb of Cologne as new developments in Efferen closed the gap between the city of Cologne and Hürth.

The country administration of the rural district Cologne was seated in Hürth on November 22, 1963. From 1816, it had been seated in the city of Cologne itself. The administration moved to Bergheim on September 3, 1993.

Hürth is home to the Bundessprachenamt, which was founded on July 4, 1969.

Alstädten[edit]

Alstädten was first mentioned documentarily in 1185.

Burbach[edit]

Burbach was first mentioned documentarily in 1233. Nowadays, Alstädten and Burbach are one district named Alstädten-Burbach.

Berrenrath[edit]

Berrenrath was first mentioned documentarily in 922. The resettlement of Berrenrath onto a now-abandoned brown coal mine was decided on February 27, 1952. This was necessary due to mining plans of the Roddergrube AG. The resettlement was completed in the September 1995.

Efferen[edit]

The Efferen district had its first documentary mention as a pastoral town in 1189. The Catholics first humbled themselves with a plain wooden church. On June 6, 1869, this church was replaced with a solid building, consecrated by auxiliary bishop Baudri.

On October 31, 1944, large parts of Efferen, including the church and the hospital, were destroyed in an air raid; thirty-six people died.

On December 20, 1953, Boue, a member of the church assembly, consecrated the newly built Evangelic church, designed by architect Jürgen Körber. Two years later, on November 25, 1956, a new Roman Catholic church, which was designed by the Cologne architects Wolfram Borgard and Fritz Volmer, was consecrated by auxiliary bishop Wilhem Cleven.

Fischenich[edit]

Fischenich was first mentioned documentarily in 1189.

Gleuel[edit]

Gleuel was first mentioned documentarily in 898.

Hermülheim[edit]

Hermülheim was first mentioned documentarily in 943.

In Hermülheim the town's two grammar schools are located: the Ernst-Mach-Gymnasium and the Albert-Schweizer-Gymnasium.

Hürth (Alt-Hürth)[edit]

Hürth was first mentioned documentarily in 1185.

Hürth-Mitte[edit]

The building of the residential area Hürth-Mitte, that was begun in 1964 according to a decision by the municipal council in 1960, had the aim of establishing a "city centre" in the approximate geographic centre of Hürth. The decision was evidently benefitted by the constantly raising population in those times. This was partially completed by 1985, with the new town hall and community centre having been erected. Hürth-Mitte is also the site of the Hürth Park, a shopping mall, which serves as the town's economic and social centre. Hürth-Mitte is not a district for itself, but officially belongs to Hermülheim.

Kalscheuren[edit]

Kalscheuren was first mentioned documentarily in 1305.

Kendenich[edit]

Kendenich was first mentioned documentarily in 941.

Knapsack[edit]

Knapsack, its first documentary mention in 1566, started to emerge into a notable town after 1900 due to establishment and development of industry (1906 the Knapsack-Griesheim AG, later known as the Hoechst AG; 1913 construction of the brown coal power plant Goldenberg-Werk)

Due to environmental constraints, 4000 citizens had to be resettled between the years 1969 and 1979.

Sielsdorf[edit]

Sielsdorf was first mentioned documentarily in 898.

Stotzheim[edit]

Stotzheim was first mentioned documentarily in 1223.

Sights[edit]

In former times, the Eifel Aqueduct, a Roman aqueduct which supplied the city of Cologne with drinking water, went through Hürth. A couple of springs and streams in today's municipal area were used for that purpose before the Eifel aqueduct was built. Remnants of the aqueducts can still be found in the underground of the city.

Personages[edit]

Famous People from Hürth[edit]

Other[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Since September 29, 1997, Hürth has a bus network that covers most of the city's area. There are six bus lines, labelled 711 through 716, by the city's public transport corporation,[2] and another five lines that are not associated with the SVH, having only a number of bus stops in Hürth.

Hürth-Kalscheuren station is located in Kalscheuren and operated by Deutsche Bahn. Two Regionalbahn services stop each hour, connecting to Cologne, Bonn and Euskirchen, while other Intercity and Regional-Express pass through without stopping.

Additionally, Hürth is connected to Cologne and Bonn via the Stadtbahn line 18 of the Cologne Stadtbahn.

All local public transport, including that of the Deutsche Bahn, is subject to the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg, which is a combine of public transport organizations, setting unified prices for the whole of the combine.

Twin towns[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Clemens Klug: "Hürth - wie es war, wie es wurde" (1961)
  • Herbert Sinz: "Auf der grünen Wiese"
  • Herbert Sinz, Heinrich Schnitzler: "Hürth in alten Bildern" (1980), ISBN 3-88265-052-4
  • Heinrich Schnitzler: "50 Jahre Ortsgemeinschaft Hürth-Gleuel" (1985)
  • Helmut Neßeler: "Hürth wie es früher war" (1999), ISBN 3-86134-585-4

External links[edit]

Media related to Hürth at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Stadtverkehr Hürth