Haakon Ericsson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Hákon Eiríksson)
Jump to: navigation, search
Håkon Eiriksson was probably the Håkon Jarl who is mentioned on the Komstad Runestone.

Haakon Ericsson (Old Norse: Hákon Eiríksson, Norwegian: Håkon Eiriksson; died c. 1029-1030) was Earl of Lade and king of Norway as a vassal under Knut the Great.

Håkon Eiriksson was from a dynasty of Norwegian rulers in the eastern part of Trondheim, bordering the Trondheimsfjord. He was the son of Eirik Håkonson, ruler of Norway and earl of Northumbria. His mother is commonly believed to have been Gytha, a daughter of Sweyn Forkbeard and Sigrid the Haughty of Denmark and half-sister of King Knut .[1] After the Battle of Svolder, Eirik Håkonson, together with his brother Sveinn Hákonarson, became kings of Norway under Sweyn Forkbeard. In 1014 or 1015 Eirik Håkonson left Norway and joined Knut for his campaign in England. The north English earldom of Northumbria was given by Knut to Eirik after he had won control of the north. Eirik remained as earl of Northumbria until his death between 1023 and 1033.

As his father's successor in Norway, Håkon Eiriksson ruled as a Danish vassal from 1012 to 1015, with Einar Tambarskjelve as his aide and his uncle, Sveinn Hákonarson, holding some areas as a Swedish vassal. After some years' absence in England fighting the Danes, Olaf Haraldsson returned to Norway in 1015 and declared himself king, obtaining the support of the petty kings of the Uplands. In 1016, Olaf defeated Sveinn Hákonarson at the Battle of Nesjar.[2] After the victory of Olaf Haraldsson, Håkon fled to England where he was well received by King Knut and made Earl of Worcester. After the Battle of the Helgeå, Norwegian nobles rallied behind Knut.

He is recorded as being the ruler of the Sudreyar from 1016 until 1030.[3] In 1028, Håkon Eiriksson returned as Knut's vassal ruler of Norway. Håkon died in a shipwreck in the Pentland Firth, between the Orkney Islands and the Scottish mainland, either late 1029 or early 1030.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ M. K. Lawson, Cnut: England's Viking King (2004), p. 93
  2. ^ Olav den Hellige - Norges evige konge
  3. ^ Woolf (2007) p. 246
  4. ^ Trøndelag (D4DR Media)

References[edit]

  • Woolf, Alex (2007), From Pictland to Alba, 789–1070, The New Edinburgh History of Scotland, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 978-0-7486-1234-5 

Other sources[edit]

  • Forte, A. Viking Empires (Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005)
  • Christiansen, Eric The Norsemen in the Viking Age (Blackwell Publishing. 2002)
Hákon Eiríksson
Died: 1029 or 1030
Political offices
Preceded by
Eiríkr Hákonarson
Jarl of Hlaðir
995–1023
Title ended
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eiríkr Hákonarson
& Sveinn Hákonarson
Regent of Norway
1012–1015
with Sveinn Hákonarson
Succeeded by
Olaf the Saint
as King of Norway
Preceded by
Olaf the Saint
as King of Norway
Regent of Norway
1028–1029
with Canute the Great
Succeeded by
Sveinn Álfífuson
& Canute the Great