Háromszék County

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Háromszék County
Háromszék vármegye
Comitatul Trei Scaune
Komitat Háromszék
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Háromszék

Coat of arms

Location of Háromszék
Capital Sepsiszentgyörgy
45°52′N 25°47′E / 45.867°N 25.783°E / 45.867; 25.783Coordinates: 45°52′N 25°47′E / 45.867°N 25.783°E / 45.867; 25.783
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,889 km2 (1,502 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 148,100 
Density 38.1 /km2  (98.6 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Sfântu Gheorghe is the current name of the capital.
Contemporary map about the county

Háromszék (Three Chairs; Romanian: Trei Scaune) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (south-eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Sepsiszentgyörgy (now Sfântu Gheorghe).

Geography[edit]

Háromszék county shared borders with Romania and the Hungarian counties Csík, Udvarhely, Nagy-Küküllő and Brassó. The river Olt flows through the county. The Carpathian Mountains form its southern and eastern border. Its area was 3889 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Háromszék means "three seats". The Háromszék region was a combination of three settlements (seats) of the Székelys: Kézdiszék, Orbaiszék and Sepsiszék. Háromszék county was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1920 (by the Treaty of Trianon), the county became part of Romania, then after the Second Vienna Award became again part of Hungary until the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties Covasna and Braşov (a small part in the south).

Demographics[edit]

In 1891, county had a population of 130,008 people. Population by language:

  • Hungarian: 110,799 people (86%)
  • Romanian: 17,360 people (13.4%)
  • German: 511 people (0.4%)
  • Slovak: 251 people (0.2%)

In 1900, the county had a population of 137,261 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 148,080 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

A Székely village in Covasna County (Former Háromszék)

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Háromszék county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Kézdi Kézdivásárhely, RO Târgu Secuiesc
Miklósvár, RO Micloşoara Nagyajta, RO Aita Mare
Orbai Kovászna, RO Covasna
Sepsi Sepsiszentgyörgy, RO Sfântu Gheorghe
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Kézdivásárhely, RO Târgu Secuiesc
Sepsiszentgyörgy, RO Sfântu Gheorghe

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 

External links[edit]