Hérissart

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Hérissart
Hérissart is located in France
Hérissart
Hérissart
Coordinates: 50°01′14″N 2°25′02″E / 50.0206°N 2.4172°E / 50.0206; 2.4172Coordinates: 50°01′14″N 2°25′02″E / 50.0206°N 2.4172°E / 50.0206; 2.4172
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Amiens
Canton Acheux-en-Amiénois
Intercommunality Pays du Coquelicot
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Gérard Housse
Area
 • Land1 7.39 km2 (2.85 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 524
 • Population2 density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80431 / 80260
Elevation 79–151 m (259–495 ft)
(avg. 185 m or 607 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hérissart is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

The commuen is situated at the junction of the D60 and D114 road, some 14 miles (23 km) northeast of Amiens.

History[edit]

Known variously as Henresart, Henrissart or Herrissart, the name Hérissart suggests deforested wasteland, especially covered in brambles or gorse.
First mentioned in a charter of donations by Clotaire to the abbey of Corbie in 662, as a village created by clearing (:fr: "essarter" ) some of the forest of Vicogne. Sandstone, (:fr:grès) was once quarried here and used in Amiens cathedral. Today, nothing remains of the industry.
In 1774, Guy Antoine Picquet, the last ‘seigneur’ of Hérissart, donated a new bell for the church. Cast in the famous Cavillers foundry at nearby Carrépuis, this bell is still used today, two others having been seized during the French Revolution.

Many of the inhabitants were involved, to some degree, in the production of linen, from the growing of flax through preparation and weaving. In 1842, a great fire destroyed many cottages and farms, reducing much of the output, which never fully recovered.

The new cemetery was created in 1866, when the church graveyard was full. The schools and the mairie were built in 1869.

During the Franco-Prussian war, the village was taken by the Germans of the 8th Prussian Rhenane Corps, about 300 mane and horses, on the 21st March 1871. They stayed till the 26th April 1871.
The village lost almost a third of its young men during World War I. Many British troops were billeted here during the fighting.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Hérissart
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 412 412 463 512 510 494 524
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]