Hüma Hatun

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Hüma Hatun
Born Hatice Âlime
c. 1410
Devrekani, Jandarid Principality
Died September 1449
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Muradiye Mosque, Bursa
Residence Bursa
Ethnicity Turkish
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Murad II
Children Mehmed II
Parents The daughter of Taceddin II Ibrahim Bey, the eighth ruler of Isfendiyarids
The son of Hüma Hatun, Mehmed II "the Conqueror"

Hatice Âlime (Halime) Hüma Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: هما خاتون, c. 1410 - September 1449) was the fourth wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad II and was valide sultan during the first reign of her son Sultan Mehmed II for two years from 1444–1446.

Biography[edit]

She was born in 1410 in the Devrekani[1] county of Kastamonu Province in modern-day Turkey. Every year, people in Devrekani commemorate her birth as part of the "Celebrations for the Conquest of Istanbul." She was married to Murad II in 1426. Little is known of her family background, apart from the fact that an Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah) and was from Hum, Hüma meaning a girl/woman from Hum (present-day Herzegovina). At that time, people who converted to Islam were given the name Abdullah meaning Servant of God. [2]

According to other sources she was a princess from the principality of Isfendiyarids and was the daughter of Isfendiyar Bey. Majority of sources have claim that she was the grand daughter Isfendiyar Bey and the daughter of Isfendiyar Bey's son Taceddin II Ibrahim Bey, the ruler of the Isfendiyarids. Some sources say that she was a princess from the Principality of Zeta and a relative of George Balša, Prince of Zeta. [3]Other sources say that Mehmed the Conqueror's mother was a French, while according to western sources she was a Jew of French descent, originally named Ester Stella. [4] She died in September 1449 in Bursa. Her tomb is located at the site known as Hatuniye Tomb to the east of Muradiye Mosque. The quarter where her tomb lies has been known thus far as Hüma Hatun Quarter.[5]

Hüma Hatun should not be confused with Tacünnisa Hatun, daughter of Isfendiyar Bey, the seventh ruler of Isfendiyarids.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Devrekani Tarihi, Fatih'in Anne ve Babasının Düğünü ( The Wedding of the Mother and Father of Mehmet II)
  2. ^ John Freely (2009). The Grand Turk: Sultan Mehmet II - Conqueror of Constantinople, Master of an Empire and Lord of Two Seas. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0-857-73022-0. 
  3. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". web.archive.org. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Franz Babinger (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-01078-6. 
  5. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-9-090-26108-9. 

External links[edit]

  • Osmanlı Padişahlarının yabancı anneleri ve padişahların yabancılarla evlenme gerekçeleri. Cafrande Kültür Sanat ve Hayat. 13 March 2008. General Culture
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Emine Hatun
Valide Sultan
1444–1446
Succeeded by
Emine Hatun