Hōjō Tokiyuki (Scouting)

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This article is on the Japanese Scouting figure. For the samurai, please see Hōjō Tokiyuki.

Hōjō Tokiyuki
Hojo Tokiyuki.jpg
Hōjō Tokiyuki from Tohoku University Library
Born (1858-03-23)March 23, 1858
Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
Died April 27, 1929(1929-04-27) (aged 71)
Occupation Politician, Educator

Hōjō Tokiyuki (北条 時敬?, March 23, 1858 - April 27, 1929) was an educator, mathematician and politician in Meiji period Japan. He was the twelfth head of Gakushūin Peers’ School, and an early Japanese Scouting notable.

Biography[edit]

Hōjō was born as the second son of a samurai retainer of the Maeda clan of Kanazawa Domain, (now Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture. His family claimed descent from the famous Hōjō family of Kamakura. His name as a child was Kumejirō (粂次郎?).

In 1885, Hōjō graduated from the Mathematics Department, Science Faculty of Tokyo Imperial University. He was hired as a teacher at Ishikawa Prefectural Technical School in his home town of Kanazawa, but returned to Tokyo in 1888 to attend the graduate school of Tokyo Imperial University. In 1894, he became deputy principal of Yamaguchi High School in Yamaguchi Prefecture, becoming principal of the same school in 1896. However, in 1898, he was transferred to assume the job of principal of Ishikawa Prefecture Technical School, which had by that time been renamed the Fourth High School. He then transferred in 1902 to become first principal of Hiroshima Normal High School (now Hiroshima University).

In 1908, Hōjō attended an international conference on morality in London, England, at the request of Japanese Minister of Culture, Makino Nobuaki (牧野伸顕?). One of the reasons for his trip was to conduct a survey of the British Scouting organization, and its applicability towards furthering the Japanese government’s program of instilling moral education in schools. He returned to Japan with Scout uniforms and documents on Scouting, and took an active role in promoting the Japanese Scouting movement in Hiroshima and elsewhere in Japan. In 1913, Hōjō was appointed head of Tohoku Imperial University. He became head of the Gakushūin Peers’s School in 1917.

In 1920, Hōjō became an advisor to the Imperial Court, and was appointed a member of the House of Peers of the Diet of Japan.

On April 27, 1929, he died of liver cancer, aged 71.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Much of this article was translated from the equivalent article in the Japanese Wikipedia, as referenced on December 23, 2008.

Preceded by
Osako Naoharu
Head of the Gakushuin
1901–1906
Succeeded by
Ichinohe Hyoe