Liftoff of H-IIB Flight 2
|Manufacturer||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Country of origin||Japan|
|Payload to LEO||19,000 kg|
|Launch sites||LA-Y, Tanegashima|
|First flight||10 September 2009|
|Notable payloads||H-II Transfer Vehicle|
|Boosters (Stage 0) - SRB-A3|
|Specific impulse||440 sec|
|Burn time||352 seconds|
|Thrust||137 kN (30,798 lbf)|
|Specific impulse||448 sec|
|Burn time||499 seconds|
H-IIB (H2B) is an expendable launch system used to launch H-II Transfer Vehicles (HTV) towards the International Space Station. H-IIB rockets are liquid-fuelled with solid-fuel strap-on boosters and are launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Mitsubishi and JAXA have been primarily responsible for design, manufacture, and operation of H-IIB.
H-IIB is able to carry a payload of up to 8 tons to GTO, compared with the payload of 4 to 6 tons for the H-IIA. Its performance to LEO is sufficient for the HTV (16,500 kg). The first H-IIB was launched in September 2009.
The H-IIB launch vehicle is a launch vehicle developed jointly by JAXA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to launch the H-II Transfer Vehicle. The H-IIB was designed to adopt methods and components that have already been verified by flights on the H-IIA, so that manufacturing the new launch vehicle would be more cost-effective, with less risk, in a shorter period of time. JAXA was in charge of preliminary design, readiness of the ground facility, and the development of new technologies for the H-IIB, in which the private sector has limited competencies, while the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is responsible for manufacturing. JAXA successfully conducted eight firing tests of the new cluster design with the simulated first-stage propulsion system, called Battleship Firing Tests, since March 2008, at MHI's Tashiro Test Facility in Odate, Akita Prefecture.
Before launch, two Captive Firing Tests were conducted on the H-IIB. The first test, which consisted of firing the first stage for ten seconds, was originally scheduled to occur at 02:30 GMT on 27 March 2009, however it was cancelled after the launch pad's coolant system failed to activate. This was later discovered to have been due to a manual supply valve not being open. The test was rescheduled for 1 April, but then postponed again due to a leak in a pipe associated with the launch facility's fire suppression system. The test was rescheduled for 2 April, when it was successfully conducted at 05:00 GMT. Following this, the second test, which involved a 150 second burn of the first stage, was scheduled for 20 April. This was successfully conducted at 04:00 GMT on 22 April, following a two day delay due to unfavourable weather conditions. A ground test, using a battleship mockup of the rocket was subsequently conducted on 11 July.
The development program of the H-IIB cost around 27 billion yen.
Vehicle description 
The H-IIB launch vehicle is a two-stage rocket. The first stage uses liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as propellants and has four strap-on solid rocket boosters (SRB-A3) powered by polybutadiene. The first stage is powered by two LE-7A engines, instead of one for the H-IIA. It has four SRB-As attached to the body, while the standard version of H-IIA has two SRB-As. In addition, the first-stage body of the H-IIB is 5.2m in diameter compared with 4m for the H-IIA. The total length of the first stage is extended by 1m from that of H-IIA. As a result the H-IIB first stage holds 1.7 times more propellant than that of the H-IIA. The second stage is powered by a single LE-5B engine.
Launch history 
|Flight #||Variant||Date of Launch||Launch Location||Payload||Result||Remarks|
|1||H-IIB||September 10, 2009 (17:01 UTC)||LA-Y, Tanegashima||HTV-1||Success||First flight of H-IIB|
|2||H-IIB||January 22, 2011 (05:38 UTC)||LA-Y, Tanegashima||HTV-2||Success|
|3||H-IIB||July 21, 2012 (02:06 UTC)||LA-Y, Tanegashima|| HTV-3
|Success||*1CubeSats carried aboard HTV,on 4th October, 2012 deployed from the ISS|
See also 
- "A new stage in Japanese space transportation". Tomihisa Nakamura. JAXA. 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- "Postponement of the First Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-03-27. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "The First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Suspension of the First Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "The First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Result of the First Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-02. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "The Second Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Result of the Second Captive Firing Test for the First Stage Flight Model Tank of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Postponement of the Second Captive Firing Test (CFT) of the First Stage Flight Model Tank for the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". JAXA. 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- "Results of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle Ground Test Vehicle (GTV) Test". JAXA. 2009-07-11. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- JAXA、H-IIBロケットの地上総合試験(GTV)について説明, Robot Watch, 2009-7-10
- "H-IIB". H-IIB Launch Vehicle. Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- "Japan's space freighter in orbit". Jonathan Amos. BBC. 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- JAXA | H-IIB Launch Vehicle
- "Development Status of the H-IIB Launch Vehicle". Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Technical Review Volume 45 Number 4