H. W. Janson
Horst Waldemar Janson (October 4, 1913 – September 30, 1982), who published as H. W. Janson, was a Russian-American scholar of art history best known for his History of Art, which was first published in 1962 and has sold more than two million copies in fifteen languages.
Janson was born in St. Petersburg in 1913 to Friedrich Janson (1875–1927) and Helene Porsch (Janson) (1879–1974). After the October Revolution, the family moved to Finland and then Hamburg, where Janson attended the Wilhelms Gymnasium (graduated 1932).
Janson studied at the University of Munich and then at the art history program at the University of Hamburg, where he was a student of Erwin Panofsky. In 1935, at the suggestion of Panofsky, who had emigrated to the United States, Alfred Barr sponsored Janson as an immigrant, and he completed a PhD at Harvard University in 1942 (his dissertation was on Michelozzo). He taught at the Worcester Art Museum (1936–38) and the University of Iowa School of Art and Art History (1938–41) while pursuing his degree. In 1941 he married Dora Jane Heineberg (1916–2002), an art history student at Radcliffe College, and he became a citizen in 1943.
He taught at Washington University in St. Louis from 1941 until 1949, when he joined the faculty of New York University, where he developed the undergraduate arts department and taught at the graduate Institute of Fine Arts. He was recognized with an honorary degree in 1981 and died on a train between Zurich and Milan in 1982 at the age of 68.
He wrote about Renaissance art and nineteenth-century sculpture, and authored two prize-winning books, Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (1952) and Sculpture of Donatello (1957). In his later years he was concerned with East–West dialogue in the arts. Over his career, Janson consulted on the Time–Life Library of Art; was president of the College Art Association, editor of the Art Bulletin, and founding member and President of the Renaissance Society of America. He also wrote books on art for young people, some in collaboration with his wife.
Curiosity about his book History of Art
"Women artists in the 1950s and 1960s suffered professional isolation not only from one another, but also from their own history, in an era when women artists of the past had been virtually written out of the history of art, H.W. Janson's influential textbook, History of art, first published in 1962, contained neither the name nor the work of a single woman artist. In thus excluding women from the history of art (...)." in: The power of feminist art. Edited by Norma Broude
References and sources
- Turner (1982)
- "H. W. Janson; Horst Woldemar Janson". Dictionary of Art Historians. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
- Turner, A. Richard (Winter 1982). "Horst Waldemar Janson". Renaissance Quarterly (Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 4) 35 (4): 672–673. doi:10.2307/2861406. JSTOR 2861406.
- Frederik Ohles, Shirley M. Ohles, and John G. Ramsay, Biographical Dictionary of Modern American Educators (Greenwood Press, 1997: ISBN 0-313-29133-0), pp. 179–80.