HBV hydrology model

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Headwaters of the Pungwe River; HBV has been used to model this drainage basin

The HBV hydrology model, or Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning model, is a computer simulation used to analyze river discharge and water pollution. Developed originally for use in Scandinavia,[1][2] this hydrological transport model has also been applied in a large number of catchments on most continents.[3][4]

Discharge Modelling[edit]

This is the major application of HBV, and has gone through much refinement.[5] It comprises the following routines:

  • Snow routine
  • Soil moisture routine
  • Response function
  • Routing routine

HBV has been used for discharge modelling in many countries worldwide, including Brazil, China,[6] Iran,[7] Mozambique,[8] Sweden[9][10] and Zimbabwe.[11] The HBV has also been used to simulate internal variables such as groundwater levels.[12] The model has also been used for hydrological change detection studies.[13]

The HBV model exists in several versions. One version, which is especially useful for teaching, is HBV light.[14]

Sediment and Solute Modelling[edit]

The HBV model can also simulate the riverine transport of sediment and dissolved solids. Lidén simulated the transport of nitrogen, phosphorus and suspended sediment in Brazil, Estonia, Sweden and Zimbabwe.[15][16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bergström, S., 1976. Development and application of a conceptual runoff model for Scandinavian catchments, SMHI Report RHO 7, Norrköping, 134 pp.
  2. ^ Bergström, S. 1995. The HBV model. In: Singh, V.P. (Ed.) Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology. Water Resources Publications, Highlands Ranch, CO., pp. 443-476.
  3. ^ Oudin, L., Hervieu, F., Michel, C., Perrin, C., Andréassian, V., Anctil, F. and Loumagne, C. 2005. Which potential evapotranspiration input for a lumped rainfall–runoff model? Part 2—Towards a simple and efficient potential evapotranspiration model for rainfall–runoff modelling. Journal of Hydrology, 303, 290-306.[1]
  4. ^ Perrin, C., Michel, C. and Andréassian, V. 2001. Does a large number of parameters enhance model performance? Comparative assessment of common catchment model structures on 429 catchments. Journal of Hydrology, 242, 275-301.[2]
  5. ^ Lindström, G., Gardelin, M., Johansson, B., Persson, M. and Bergström, S. 1997. Development and test of the distributed HBV-96 hydrological model. Journal of Hydrology, 201, 272-288.[3]
  6. ^ Zhang, X. and Lindström, G. 1996. A comparative study of a Swedish and a Chinese hydrological model. Water Resources Bulletin, 32, 985-994.[4]
  7. ^ Masih, I., Uhlenbrook, S., Ahmad, M.D. and Maskey, S. 2008. Regionalization of a conceptual rainfall runoff model based on similarity of the flow duration curve: a case study from Karkheh river basin, Iran. Geophysical Research Abstracts, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A-00226.[5]
  8. ^ Andersson, L., Hellström, S.-S., Kjellström, E., Losjö, K., Rummukainen, M., Samuelsson, P. and Wilk, J. 2006. Modelling Report: Climate change impacts on water resources in the Pungwe drainage basin. SMHI Report 2006-41, Norrköping, 92 pp.[6]
  9. ^ Seibert, J. 1999. Regionalisation of parameters for a conceptual rainfall-runoff model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 98-99, 279-293.[7]
  10. ^ Seibert, J., 2003. Reliability of model predictions outside calibration conditions. Nordic Hydrology, 34, 477-492. [8]
  11. ^ Lidén, R. and Harlin, J. 2000. Analysis of conceptual rainfall–runoff modelling performance in different climates. Journal of Hydrology, 238, 231-247.[9]
  12. ^ Seibert, J., 2000. Multi-criteria calibration of a conceptual rainfall-runoff model using a genetic algorithm. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 4(2), 215-224. [10]
  13. ^ Seibert, Jan; McDonnell, J.J. (2010). "Land-cover impacts on streamflow: A change-detection modeling approach that incorporates parameter uncertainty". Hydrological Sciences Journal 55 (3): 316–332. doi:10.1080/02626661003683264. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  14. ^ Seibert, Jan; Vis, Marc (2012). "Teaching hydrological modeling with a user-friendly catchment-runoff-model software package". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 16: 3315–3325. doi:10.5194/hess-16-3315-2012. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  15. ^ Lidén, R., Conceptual Runoff Models for Material Transport Estimations, PhD dissertation, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (2000)
  16. ^ Lidén, R., Harlin, J., Karlsson, M. and Rahmberg, M. 2001. Hydrological modelling of fine sediments in the Odzi River, Zimbabwe. Water SA, 27, 303-315.[11]

External links[edit]