||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (June 2011)|
|Former names||Niedersachsenstadion (until 2002),
Stadium Hanover (during 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup)
FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hannover (during 2006 FIFA World Cup)
|Operator||Hannover 96 Arena GmbH & Co. KG|
|Capacity||49,000 (League Matches),
43,000 (International Matches)
|Opened||26 September 1954|
|Construction cost||€ 82.8 million (for redevelopment)|
|Architect||Schulitz & Partner Architects|
The Niedersachsenstadion [ˈniːdɐzaksənˈʃtaːdi̯ɔn] (Eng: Lower Saxony Stadium) is a football stadium in Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany, and competition venue of the German Bundesliga football club Hannover 96.
The original 86,000 capacity stadium was completed in 1954 and has since been rebuilt several times for various major football events. Today it has 49,000 covered seats. During the World Cup 2006 the stadium was named FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover.
Through a sponsorship deal, the stadium's official name is currently HDI-Arena. Between 2002 and 2013 a similar arrangement saw the stadium renamed as the AWD-Arena.
The stadium was built between 1952–1954, with an original capacity of 86,000. Huge amounts of debris from the houses in Hannover destroyed during World War II were used as the foundations of the stadium, with a total construction cost of 4 million Deutschmark. The stadium officially opened on 26 September 1954.
Hannover 96 moved permanently to the stadium from the Eilenriedestadion in 1959. Other local clubs, such as Arminia Hannover, OSV Hannover, TSV Havelse and Sportfreunde Ricklingen have also played matches there. In addition, the stadium has hosted numerous international matches, 4 (old) league championship games (1955,57,58,61), 2 DFB Supercup finals (1991–92) and 8 DFB Cup finals (1962, 63, 65, 70, 72, 75, 77, 79).
From 2002 to 2013 the stadium carried the name of sponsor AWD.
International football tournaments
All times local (CEST)
1974 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was one of the nine venues chosen for (West) Germany's first hosting of the World Cup. This event saw the number of seats increase to 38,000, which entailed a decrease in the overall capacity to 60,400. In addition, the upper rank of the west grandstand was completely roofed. These alterations cost 26million DM. Newly modified, the arena featured in both the first and second group phase.
The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 1974:
|Date||Time||Team 1||Result||Team 2||Round||Attendance|
|15 June 1974||16:00||Uruguay||0–2||Netherlands||Group 3||53,000|
|19 June 1974||19:30||Uruguay||1–1||Bulgaria||Group 3||12,000|
|26 June 1974||19:30||Brazil||1–0||East Germany||Group A (2nd round)||58,463|
|23 June 1974||16:00||Argentina||1–2||Brazil||Group A (2nd round)||38,000|
1988 European Championship
When Germany hosted its second international tournament, the stadium was again chosen as a venue. By now, due to the conversion of 8,000 terrace spots into single seating, the capacity stood at 55,000. It hosted two group matches:
|11 June 1988||15:30||Denmark||2–3||Spain||Group A||60,366|
|15 June 1988||20:15||Republic of Ireland||1–1||USSR||Group B||38,308|
2006 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. However, due to FIFA sponsorship contracts, the arena had to officially be called FIFA World Cup Stadium Hanover (German: FIFA WM Stadion Hannover) during the World Cup. The stadium also had to convert its standing areas into seating, thus reducing the capacity for the tournament to 43,000, before being converted back after the games.
The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006:
|12 June 2006||21:00||Italy||2–0||Ghana||Group E||43,000|
|16 June 2006||21:00||Mexico||0–0||Angola||Group D||43,000|
|20 June 2006||16:00||Costa Rica||1–2||Poland||Group A||43,000|
|23 June 2006||21:00||Switzerland||2–0||South Korea||Group G||43,000|
|26 July 2006||21:00||Spain||1–3||France||Round of 16||43,000|
Although the stadium has seen many changes through the years, none were as extensive and impacting as the redevelopment of 2003/04 by Schulitz & Partner Architects, which cost €65 million.
There had been much controversy within the club's fanbase over suggestions of building a new football arena for many years before. Eventually this led to the decision to preserve and comprehensively redevelop the existing stadium in 1997/98. When Germany was somewhat unexpectedly awarded the hosting of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the major stadium work was finally put into action.
During 2003/04, major parts of the stadium were rebuilt and thus the maximum capacity was reduced to 49,951 (of which around 8,000 are standing spaces). Before 2003, the stadium had had high floodlight masts (referred to by locals as 'toothbrushes'), track and field facilities inclusive and about 60% was open plan. The redevelopments transformed it completely into a football arena and removed approximately 70% of the previous building. The roof and about 25% of the area at the outer edges of the west grandstand were demolished like the north, south and east grandstand.
Instead of the previous scoreboards, the arena gained two modern video boards and replaced the old floodlight masts with 160 modern single headlights, which were integrated into the roof structure, supplying a light density of 1500 lux.
The pitch, under which a high performance drainage system and a cabin ground heating system was installed, was moved closer to the spectators than ever. With the removal of the track and field facilities, the pitch was moved directly to the west grandstand and the remaining grandstands were then built around it. This necessitated the stands behind the goals be designed in such a way that the upward gradient becomes larger gradually from west to east, creating a rather peculiar asymmetry, as the original west grandstand possessed such small angles of inclination and the new east grandstand was as constructed as steeply as possible.
The new inner roof was constructed using ETFE (ethylene tetrafluoroethylene) to allow sunlight through and thus allow the grass the grow naturally, whilst also protecting all spectators from bad weather . This care for the pitch helps avoid the constant need to re-lay it as in many other roofed stadiums and was designed by Hanke Loköter who helped construction the Allianz Arena as well.
The new business and corporate packages of the AWD-Arena are just like the press area in the east grandstand. There are approximately 1,250 business seats, 29 VIP boxes for 10-12 people and 96 press places.
Work on the stadium finished ahead of schedule in December 2004. The first football match held following the redevelopment was on 23 January 2005, where Hannover 96 lost 0-3 to Bayer Leverkusen in the Bundesliga.
On 15 November 2009, the stadium was filled to capacity as the funeral site for 32 year old Hannover 96 goalkeeper Robert Enke, who took his own life on 10 November 2009.
The stadium is one of few actual stadiums to be named on FIFA 12 when it was released of 28 September 2011.
Aside from football, the stadium was also the scene of several German athletics championships, the German Turnfest (a sports festival), field handball finals, concerts, rugby & American football.
Since the performances of The Rolling Stones & Queen in 1982, the stadium has developed into the leading open air concert venue in Northern Germany. After the stadium underwent extensive redevelopment in 2003/04, the open air tradition was revived again with a concert by The Rolling Stones in the new arena. Madonna performed at the stadium during her Confessions Tour in August 2006 for an audience of 40,000. Other performers who held a concert at the venue include Michael Jackson in 1988 as part of his Bad World Tour, Bon Jovi in 1996 for his These Days Tour, Status Quo in 2006 and U2 in 2010 during their U2 360° Tour with Kasabian as Support Act.
Artists with more than two concerts at the venue:
|The Rolling Stones||6 & 7 June 1982||Tattoo You Tour|
|23 & 24 May 1990||Urban Jungle Tour|
|22 June 1995||Voodoo Lounge Tour|
|19 July 2006||A Bigger Bang Tour|
|Phil Collins||17 & 18 July 1990||Seriously, Live! World Tour|
|3, 4, 6 & 7 September 1994||Both Sides of the World Tour|
|Genesis||7 June 1987||Invisible Touch Tour|
|10, 11 & 13 July 1992||We Can't Dance Tour|
|23 June 2007||Turn It On Again Tour|
|Pink Floyd||25 June 1988||A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour|
|16 & 17 August 1994||The Division Bell Tour|
|Tina Turner||4 June 1990||Foreign Affair Tour|
|29 May 1996||Wildest Dreams Tour|
|3 July 2000||Twenty Four Seven Tour||with John Fogerty as Support Act|
|Metallica||31 August 1991||Wherever We May Roam Tour||as part of Monsters of Rock 1991|
|19 May 1993||Nowhere Else to Roam Tour|
|AC/DC||31 August 1991||Razors Edge World Tour||as part of Monsters of Rock 1991|
|17 June 2001||Stiff Upper Lip World Tour||with Megadeth as Support Act|
|Coldplay||25 August 2009||Viva la Vida Tour|
|22 September 2012||Mylo Xyloto Tour||with Charli XCX & Marina and the Diamonds as Support Acts|
|Herbert Grönemeyer||3 June 2007||12 Tour|
|4 June 2011||Schiffsverkehr Tour|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to AWD-Arena.|