Sikorsky HH-60 Jayhawk

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HH-60J Jayhawk
MH-60T Jayhawk
US Coast Guard helicopter rescue demonstration.jpg
A HH-60J Jayhawk hovering as a USCG rescue swimmer enters the water during a demonstration.
Role Medium range recovery helicopter[1]
Manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft
First flight August 8, 1989
Status In service
Primary user United States Coast Guard
Produced 1990-1996
Number built 42
Unit cost
US$17 million
Developed from SH-60 Seahawk

The Sikorsky HH-60J Jayhawk is a multi-mission, twin-engine, medium-range helicopter operated by the United States Coast Guard for search and rescue, law enforcement, military readiness and marine environmental protection missions. The HH-60J is designed to fly a crew of four up to 300 mi (483 km) offshore, hoist up to 6 additional people on board while remaining on-scene for up to 45 minutes and return to base while maintaining an adequate fuel reserve. Normal cruising speed of the HH-60J is 135 to 140 kn (155 to 161 mph) and the aircraft is capable of reaching 180 kn (207 mph) for short durations. The HH60J can fly at 140 kn (161 mph) for six to seven hours.[2]

Chosen to replace the HH-3F Pelican, the HH-60J is a member of the Sikorsky S-70 family of helicopters and is based on the United States Navy's SH-60 Seahawk helicopter.[1] Development began in September 1986, first flight was achieved on August 8, 1989, and the first HH-60J entered USCG service in June 1990. Production ended in 1996 after 42 helicopters were produced.

The MH-60T Medium Range Recovery Helicopter upgrade program began in 2007 and is scheduled to provide upgraded avionics and operational capabilities to all 42 existing HH-60J airframes by 2015. As each airframe upgrade is completed, the affected HH-60J will be re-designated to MH-60T.[3]

Development[edit]

Chosen to replace the HH-3F Pelican, the HH-60J is a member of the Sikorsky S-70 family of helicopters and is based on the United States Navy's SH-60 Seahawk helicopter. Compared to its predecessor, the HH-3F, the HH-60J is lighter, is faster, has more powerful engines and is equipped with more sophisticated electronics.[1] The HH-60J was developed in conjunction with the United States Navy's HH-60H Rescue Hawk.[4]

Sikorsky HH-60J Jayhawk (USCG registration number 6008) on the tarmac at Coast Guard Air Station Astoria, Oregon

Sikorsky began development in September 1986 and aircraft registration number 6001 achieved first flight on August 8, 1989. The first aircraft was delivered to the USCG for developmental testing in March, 1990 at NAS Patuxent River, Maryland. In March 1991, ATC Mobile, Alabama became the first USCG unit to fly the HH-60J, allowing instructor pilots to prepare for pilot training. Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City, North Carolina was the first USCG operational unit to fly the HH-60J.[1] Sikorsky produced 42 HH-60Js with sequential registration numbers from 6001 through 6042.[5] Sikorsky ceased production in 1996 after fulfilling the 42 unit contract.

MH-60T upgrade program[edit]

The USCG began converting its HH-60Js to MH-60Ts in January 2007. This avionics and capabilities upgrade is part of the USCG's Integrated Deepwater System Program and will provide a glass cockpit, an enhanced electro-optic/infrared sensor system as well as a radar sensor system and airborne use of force capability.[6][7] The airborne use of force package includes both weapons for firing warning and disabling shots and armor to protect the aircrew from small arms fire. Three Jayhawks have been upgraded to MH-60Ts as of June 2009 and all 42 aircraft are scheduled to be upgraded by 2015.[3][8]

Design[edit]

With a fuel capacity of 6,460 lb (2,930 kg), the HH-60J is designed to fly a crew of four up to 300 mi (483 km) offshore, hoist up to 6 additional people on board while remaining on-scene for up to 45 minutes and return to base while maintaining an adequate fuel reserve. Normal cruising speed of the HH-60J is 135 kn (155 mph) to 140 kn (161 mph) and the aircraft is capable of reaching 180 kn (207 mph) for short durations. The HH60J can fly at 140 kn (161 mph) for six to seven hours.[2]

The HH-60J uses the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System as its primary long range navigational aid, using a Collins RCVR-3A radio to simultaneously receive information from four of the NAVSTAR system's 18 worldwide satellites.

The HH-60J is normally based on land but can be based on 270 foot medium endurance Coast Guard Cutters (WMEC) or 378 foot high endurance Coast Guard Cutters (WHEC).

The HH-60J has a radar for search/weather that gives its nose a distinctive look. A forward looking infrared (FLIR) sensor turret can be mounted below its nose. It can carry three 120 US gal (454 L) fuel tanks with two on the port side rack and one on the starboard side rack. The starboard side also carries a 600 lbf (2.67 kN) capacity rescue hoist mounted above the door. The hoist has 200 ft (61.0 m) of cable.[4]

Operational history[edit]

Victims from the 2010 Haiti earthquake are unloaded from a HH-60J Jayhawk (USCG Registration Number 6039) at U.S. Naval Hospital Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

In 1990, HH-60J Jayhawks began replacing HH-3F Pelican and CH-3E Sea King helicopters in service with the US Coast Guard. HH-60Js perform search and rescue missions, along with other missions such as maritime patrol and drug interdiction.[9]

Coast Guard cutters with their HH-60Js and other helicopters performed security and interdiction in the Persian Gulf in 1991 in support of Operation Desert Storm and also in 2003 for Operation Enduring Freedom.[9]

On 29 October 2012, Jayhawk serial number (70-1790) 6031 was used during the offshore rescue of the crew of HMS Bounty during Hurricane Sandy.

Variants[edit]

MH-60 Jayhawk (USCG Registration Number 6014) on tarmac in Kotzebue, Alaska. Also visible is an Army National Guard UH-60 Black Hawk and an Air Force HH-60 Pave Hawk, both of which are derived from the same S-70 airframe
HH-60J 
Medium range recovery helicopter. 42 units delivered to the USCG between 1990 and 1996
MH-60T 
Medium range recovery helicopter. 42 existing HH-60J airframes receiving upgraded avionics and operational capabilities, including armaments, beginning in 2007 and continuing through 2015.[7]

Operators[edit]

 United States

Accidents[edit]

As of July 2010, three HH-60Js have been involved in crashes, including two fatal crashes.[11][12][13]

Specifications (HH-60J)[edit]

HH-60J Jayhawk (USCG Registration Number 6034) and a 47-foot (14 m) motor life boat
HH-60J Jayhawk (USCG Registration Number 6022) retrieving a rescue swimmer.
USCG Registration Number 6036 from MS Majesty of the Seas
Most data is for HH-60J. Data for MH-60T is noted below.

Data from USCG HH-60J information,[2] Sikorsky S-70B Seahawk information,[14][15] Globalsecurity.org HH-60J specifications[16]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "HH-60J "Jayhawk"". Naval Supply Systems Command website. Naval Supply Systems Command. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "Jayhawks have replaced the Sikorsky HH-3F Pelican helicopters ..." 
  2. ^ a b c Thirteenth Coast Guard District Public Affairs Office (2003-04-21). "Jayhawk - HH-60J Helicopter" (PDF). United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "...carry out the Coast Guard's search and rescue, law enforcement, military readiness and marine environmental protection missions..." 
  3. ^ a b "Acquisition Directorate - MH-60T Medium Range Recovery Helicopter" (PDF). United States Coast Guard. November 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "All 42 H-60 aircraft are scheduled to be modernized by 2015" 
  4. ^ a b Leoni, Ray D. Black Hawk, The Story of a World Class Helicopter, pp. 212-213. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007. ISBN 978-1-56347-918-2.
  5. ^ "Sikorsky HH-60J Jayhawk". Helis.com. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "42 delivered from 1990. 1 written off." 
  6. ^ "Acquisition Directorate - Medium Range Recovery Helicopter". United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. Archived from the original on 210-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "The MH-60T project will upgrade 42 in-service HH-60J helicopters with ..." 
  7. ^ a b Aviation Update newsletter. US Coast Guard, January/February 2007.
  8. ^ a b c "Acquisition Update: "T" It Up: First Production MH-60T Medium Range Recovery Helicopter Delivered to Coast Guard". United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. 2009-06-09. Archived from the original on 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-08. "The AUF package equips the MH-60T with a 7.62mm machine gun for firing warning shots and a .50 caliber long range rifle for precise targeting..." 
  9. ^ a b Tomajczyk, Stephen F. Black Hawk, pp. 74-74. MBI, 2003. ISBN 0-7603-1591-4.
  10. ^ "Office of Aviation Forces (CG-711) "Jayhawk"". uscg.mil. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  11. ^ Freeze, Ken. "Fatal Coast Guard Aircraft Accidents". check-six.com. Check Six. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "Date of incident: 8 December 2004....Aircraft type and Coast Guard tail number: Sikorsky HH-60 Jayhawk, 6020" 
  12. ^ Liesik, Geoff (2010-03-05). "U.S. Coast Guard team to probe Uinta Mountains crash". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret News Publishing Co. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "The Jayhawk that crashed was one of two returning to North Carolina from Washington state.... It was last heard from just before 10 a.m. Wednesday." 
  13. ^ Green, Sara Jean (2010-07-07). "3 dead in Coast Guard copter crash off La Push". Seattle Times. Seattle, WA: The Seattle Times Company. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. "The MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter crashed around 9:30 a.m. off James Island near the mouth of the Quillayute River at the northwest tip of Washington state." 
  14. ^ S-70B Seahawk Technical Information, 2001.
  15. ^ "S-70B Seahawk Helicopter Technical Information S70-064 1438 3C" (PDF). Sikorsky Aircraft. January 2008. Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  16. ^ Pike, John. "HH-60J Jayhawk Specifications". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 

External links[edit]