Hawaii's 1st congressional district

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Hawaii's 1st congressional district
Hawaii's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Hawaii's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Colleen Hanabusa (DKapolei)
Distribution 99.27% urban, 0.73% rural
Population (2010) 692,981
Median income $74,905
Ethnicity 18.8% White, 2.0% Black, 54.3% Asian, 5.4% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 7.8% other
Cook PVI D+18

Hawaii's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district encompasses the urban areas of the City and County of Honolulu, a consolidated city-county that is coextensive with the island of Oahu. The district includes Oahu's central plains and southern shores, including the towns of Aiea, Mililani, Pearl City, Waipahu and Waimalu. The district is smaller and more densely populated than the 2nd Congressional District (which includes the rest of the state). It is the only majority-Asian district in the United States.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Colleen Hanabusa who defeated Republican incumbent Charles Djou in 2010.

History[edit]

When Hawaii and Alaska were admitted to the Union in 1959, both new states were granted one at-large Representative to Congress pending the next United States Census. In the reapportionment following the 1960 U.S. Census, Hawaii was entitled to a second U.S. Representative. Instead of creating two congressional districts, the state continued to elect its Representatives at-large. Two representatives were first elected in 1962 and Hawaii was first represented by two U.S. Representatives on January 2, 1963 upon the convening of the 88th Congress.

The 1st Congressional District was created in 1971 when Hawaii began electing its representatives from districts instead of electing at-large Representative statewide.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races[1]

Year Office Result
2000 President Gore 55% - Bush 39%
2004 President Kerry 53% - Bush 47%
2008 President Obama 70% - McCain 28%

List of representatives[edit]

District established and redistricted from seat B of the at-large district following the 91st Congress.

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
Spark Matsunaga.jpg Spark Matsunaga Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92nd Re-elected in 1970
Re-elected in 1972
Re-elected in 1974
Retired to run for U.S. Senator
93rd
94th
CecilHeftel.jpg Cecil Heftel Democratic January 3, 1977 –
July 11, 1986
95th Elected in 1976
Re-elected in 1978
Re-elected in 1980
Re-elected in 1982
Re-elected in 1984
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii
96th
97th
98th
99th
Vacant July 11, 1986 –
September 20, 1986
Neilabercrombie.jpg Neil Abercrombie Democratic September 20, 1986 –
January 3, 1987
Elected to finish Heftel's term
Lost renomination for the next term
Pat Saiki.jpg Pat Saiki Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
100th Elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Retired to run for U.S. Senator
101st
Neil Abercrombie, 109th Pictorial photo.jpg Neil Abercrombie Democratic January 3, 1991 –
February 28, 2010
102nd Elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Vacant February 28, 2010 –
May 22, 2010
Charles Djou.jpg Charles Djou Republican May 22, 2010 –
January 3, 2011
Elected to finish Abercrombie's term
Lost re-election for the next term.[2]
Hanabusa 160x240.jpg Colleen Hanabusa Democratic January 3, 2011 –
Present
112th Elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012
113th

Election results[edit]

197019721974197619781980198219841986 (Special)1986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010 (Special)2010

1970[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga 85,411 72.89%
Republican Richard K. Cockey 31,764 27.11%
Totals 117,175 100.0%
Democratic win (new seat)

1972[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 73,826 54.70%
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 61,138 45.30%
Totals 134,964 100.0%
Democratic hold

1974[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 71,552 59.32%
Republican William B. Paul 49,065 40.68%
Totals 120,617 100.0%
Democratic hold

1976[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel 60,050 43.64%
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 53,745 39.06%
Independents for Godly Government Kathy Joyce Hoshijo 23,807 17.30%
Totals 137,602 100.0%
Democratic hold

1978[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 84,552 73.26%
Republican William D. Spillane 24,470 21.20%
Libertarian Peter David Larsen 4,295 3.72%
Aloha Democratic Party Debra Figueroa 2,095 1.82%
Totals 115,412 100.0%
Democratic hold

1980[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 98,256 79.77%
Republican Aloma Keen Noble 19,819 16.09%
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 5,106 4.14%
Totals 123,181 100.0%
Democratic hold

1982[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 134,779 89.91%
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 15,128 10.09%
Totals 149,907 100.0%
Democratic hold

1984[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 114,884 82.73%
Republican Will Beard 20,608 14.84%
Libertarian Christopher Winter 3,373 2.43%
Totals 138,865 100.0%
Democratic hold

1986 (Special)[edit]

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 1986[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 42,031 29.88%
Republican Pat Saiki 41,067 29.20%
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 39,800 28.30%
Democratic Steve Cobb 16,721 11.89%
Democratic Louis Agard 566 0.40%
Nonpartisan Blase Harris 460 0.33%
Totals 140,645 100.0%
Democratic hold

1986[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki 99,683 59.20%
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 63,061 37.45%
Libertarian Blase Harris 5,633 3.35%
Totals 168,377 100.0%
Republican gain from Democratic

1988[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki (incumbent) 96,848 54.71%
Democratic Mary Bitterman 76,394 43.16%
Libertarian Blase Harris 3,778 2.13%
Totals 177,020 100.0%
Republican hold

1990[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 97,622 60.00%
Republican Mike Liu 62,982 38.71%
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,107 1.29%
Totals 162,711 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican

1992[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 129,332 72.87%
Republican Warner Sutton 41,575 23.43%
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 6,569 3.70%
Totals 177,476 100.0%
Democratic hold

1994[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 94,754 53.62%
Republican Orson Swindle 76,623 43.36%
Best Party of Hawaii Alexandria Kaan 2,815 1.59%
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,514 1.42%
Totals 176,706 100.0%
Democratic hold

1996[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 86,732 50.37%
Republican Orson Swindle 80,053 46.49%
Nonpartisan Mark Duering 4,126 2.40%
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 1,295 0.75%
Totals 172,206 100.0%
Democratic hold

1998[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 116,693 61.56%
Republican Gene Ward 68,905 36.34%
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 3,973 2.10%
Totals 189,571 100.0%
Democratic hold

2000[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 108,517 69.03%
Republican Phil Meyers 44,989 28.62%
Libertarian Jerry Murphy 3,688 2.35%
Totals 157,194 100.0%
Democratic hold

2002[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 131,673 72.86%
Republican Mark Terry 45,032 24.92%
Libertarian James H. Bracken 4,028 2.23%
Totals 180,733 100.0%
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 128,567 62.97%
Republican Dalton Tanonaka 69,371 33.98%
Libertarian Elyssa Young 6,243 3.06%
Totals 204,181 100.0%
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 112,904 69.35%
Republican Richard (Noah) Hough 49,890 30.65%
Totals 162,794 100.0%
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 154,181 77.14%
Republican Steve Tataii 38,104 19.06%
Libertarian Li Zhao 7,591 3.80%
Totals 199,876 100.0%
Democratic hold

2010 (Special)[edit]

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 2010[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles Djou 67,610 39.44%
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 52,802 30.80%
Democratic Ed Case 47,391 27.65%
No party 11 others 1,682 0.99%
Totals 171,417 100.0%
Republican gain from Democratic

2010[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 94,140 53.23%
Republican Charles Djou (incumbent) 82,723 46.77%
Totals 176,863 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 21°19′22″N 157°54′21″W / 21.32278°N 157.90583°W / 21.32278; -157.90583