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HI-SEAS (Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation) is a human spaceflight analog for Mars.[1] HI-SEAS is a habitat in an isolated location on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. The area has Mars-like features and an elevation of approximately 8,200 feet above sea level. HI-SEAS is funded by the NASA Human Research Program for four research missions of extended duration of four months to a year, in an analog of Mars missions.[2]

Purpose and scope[edit]

The purpose of the detailed research studies is to determine what is required to keep a space flight crew happy and healthy during an extended mission to Mars and while living on Mars.[3] Research into food, crew dynamics, behaviors, roles and performance, and other aspects of space flight and a mission on Mars itself is the primary focus. The HI-SEAS researchers also carry out studies on a variety of other topics as part of their daily activities.


The first HI-SEAS mission lasted for four months from mid-April to August 13, 2013 with culinary and psychological aspects.[1][3] Many related aspects were also explored, including temperatures in artificial habitats.[4] It was orchestrated primarily by NASA, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, and Cornell University.[5] The first study was in 2013 and NASA has sponsored follow-up studies.[6] The habitat is located at approximately 8,000 feet above sea level on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii.[6][3] Funding was from NASA.[3] The 2013 study included 8 people and ran for 120 days (4 months).[5] It is a simulation of a Mars analog habitat and the participants had to wear simulated spacesuits when they went outside.[5] Members of the HI-SEAS crew went outside the habitat once a week in spacesuits to explore the terrain and to perform geological and microbe-detection studies.[3] The focus of the study was on a diet which consisted of traditional space food (such as freeze-dried items) as well as various recipes made from a special list of ingredients.[5] Six scientists completed the study.[3] Mission commander Angelo Vermeulen with his colleagues recommended more spices and higher fibre foods as well as comfort foods.[3]

HI-SEAS 2 with a crew of 6 people began March 28th, 2014[7] and lasted 120 days, until July 25, 2014.[8]

The crew for HI-SEAS Mission 3 has been selected and will initiate October 15th, 2014. Six crew members and two reserve crew members have been selected. Martha Lenio (Commander), Allen Mirkadyrov, Sophie Milam, Neil Sheibelhut, Jocelyn Dunn, and Zak Wilson.

And in Reserves: Ed Fix and Micheal Castro.


  1. ^ a b Norman Copeland (2013-04-18). "Orientation to HI-SEAS". Astronautforhire.com. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  2. ^ Kim A. Binsted and J. B. Hunter (2013). "HI-SEAS (Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation) as an opportunity for long duration instrument/protocol testing and verification". University of Hawaii at Mānoa and Cornell University. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Mike Wall (2013-08-14). "Mars Food Scientists End 4-Month Mock Space Mission In Hawaii". Space.com. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  4. ^ "K. Green - The Challenges of Climate Control in a Mars Habitat - Discover Magazine". Blogs.discovermagazine.com. 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Research participants sought for 120-day Mars analog habitat study". Manoa.hawaii.edu. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  6. ^ a b "HI-SEAS to study human performance for long-duration space exploration (2013)". Hawaii 24 7. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  7. ^ Kim Binsted and Talia Ogliore (2014-03-28). "Second HI-SEAS Mars space analog study begins". University of Hawaii Mānoa. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  8. ^ "HI-SEAS 2 Emerges From 120 Stay on Mars". Retrieved 10 September 2014. 

External links[edit]