HIV/AIDS in the United Kingdom

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In 2012, the prevalence of HIV in the United Kingdom was estimated at 98,400.[1] An estimated 6360 people were newly diagnosed during 2012, which is a slight increase from the 6220 newly diagnosed in 2011.

An estimated 21,900 people living with HIV were unaware of their infection in 2012 (22%), which is a slight decline from 2011 when it stood at 24%. Almost half (47%) of all people living with HIV in the UK are diagnosed late, meaning they have usually been living with the virus for over four years.[2] This can have a devastating effect on their long-term health and mean they have an 11-fold chance of dying in the first year after diagnosis.

The two groups most affected by HIV in the UK remain gay and bisexual men and black African heterosexuals – three-quarters of people diagnosed with HIV in 2012 were among these two groups. MSM (Men who have sex with Men) are the group most affected by HIV, with 1 in 20 living with the condition.

In 2012, less than 1% of people living with a diagnosed HIV infection in the UK died (cause of death is uncertain and may not be HIV-related). This is about the same as for the UK population as a whole. People newly diagnosed with HIV today can expect to have a normal life expectancy if they are diagnosed on time and on effective treatment.

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