HJK Helsinki

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HJK
HJK Helsinki Logo.svg
Full name Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi
Nickname(s) Klubi (The Club)
Founded 19 June 1907; 107 years ago (1907-06-19)
Ground Sonera Stadium,
Helsinki
Ground Capacity 10,300
Chairman Olli-Pekka Lyytikäinen
Manager Mika Lehkosuo
League Veikkausliiga
2014 Veikkausliiga, 1st
Current season
Sonera Stadium, located in the Töölö district of Helsinki.
HJK squad that won the club's first championship in 1911.

Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi (also simply known as Helsinki and HJK) is a Finnish football club, based in the capital Helsinki. HJK is the most successful Finnish football club with 27 Championship titles.

History[edit]

The Club was founded as "Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi – Helsingfors Fotbollsklubb" in 1907 by Fredrik Wathén. Founding meeting was held at bowling alley in Kaisaniemi Park. First match was played during the same summer against Ekenäs IF in Ekenäs, HJK won the match 2-4. HJK became popular amongst finnish speaking students while sweadish speaking students preferred to play mainly at KIF and HIFK and in 1908 after heated debate language was changed to unilingually Finnish, this resulted many swedish speaking members to switch over to HIFK and other swedish languaged clubs although few choosed to stay. In 1909 colours blue and white was chosen to support fennoman movement and Bandy was introduced as a clubs second official sport, Club moved from Kaisaniemi Ground to new stadium in Eläintarha, at end of the year Fredrik Wathen was forced to leave his post as a club chairman due to his illness and in 1910 Lauri Tanner became the longest running club chairman to date. First championship title was won in 1911. In 1915 club moved to newly build Töölön Pallokenttä. In 1916 Tennis was introduced as third official sport in HJK, Tennis was played until early 1920s. During finnish civil war in 1918 HJK lost two club members, both fighting for white side. In 1921 first Bandy championship was won and in following five seasons HJK reached five finals winning three more titles. Bowling was added to club repertoire in 1925 but bowlers formed their own club Helsingin Keilaajat in following year. In 1928 Ice Hockey became official sport and first championship was won already in 1929. League format was introduced to finnish football in 1930 but HJK failed to qualify for the first season. 1931 HJK played their first season in the league but was relegated. During second world war HJK lost several members in fighting against Soviet Union. In 1943 Handball was introduced as sixth ever official sport of the club, HJK won one silver and two bronze medals in following 3 years but did not gain further success. Handball was first of HJK:s sports where also women competed, women team played total of 22 seasons in highest level their best ever position being fourth place. In 1963 HJK played their last ever season in second level winning 20 out of 22 matches and scoring 127 goals in series. In 1964 newly promoted team won their tenth championship title and following year first european cup match was played against Manchester United in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium resulting 2-3 loss and the 2-9 overall result threw club out of competition. In 1966 club secured their first cup-title winning KTP 6-1 in final in front of 7000 spectators. Bandy section was disbanded in late 1960s. Last new official sport, figure skating was added to clubs sports in 1966 and was abolished in 1972. Ice Hockey section was disbanded in 1972 and last season in handball was played in 1978. From this onwards HJK was again football only club after 69 years as a multisport club. 1998 saw HJK to be the first and to date only finnish club to play in Uefa Champions League, triumphing over FC Metz in the second qualifying round. The club also managed a respectable five points in their group, beating Benfica at home and earning draws at home to Kaiserslautern and away to Benfica. They lost to PSV Eindhoven twice and to Kaiserslautern away. 20th championship title was won in 2002 and 2008 club won its 10th cup title. 2009 was a start of never before seen and still continuing championship run resulting six titles in a row so far. In 2014 HJK became first finnish club to play in UEFA Europa League group stage winning Rapid Wien in playoff round. HJK won Torino FC and FC Copenhagen at home and finished 3rd in group with 6 points.[1][2][3]

Generally considered Finland's biggest club, HJK is also the most successful Finnish club in terms of league championships with 27. The club has also won twelve Finnish Cups and four Finnish League Cups. Many of Finland's internationally most successful players have played for HJK before moving abroad.

The club's highest score in European competition came in the 2011–12 season, with a 13-0 aggregate victory over Welsh champions Bangor City, which included a 10-0 win at home.

Honours[edit]

Football[edit]

  • Finnish Championship:
    • Winners (27): 1911, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1936, 1938, 1964, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
    • Runners-up (13): 1921, 1933, 1937, 1939, 1956, 1965, 1966, 1982, 1983, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006
  • Finnish Cup:
    • Winners (12): 1966, 1981, 1984, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2014
    • Runners-up (5): 1975, 1985, 1990, 1994, 2010
  • Finnish League Cup:
    • Winners (4): 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998
    • Runners-up (3): 1995, 2009, 2012
  • Finnish Women's Championship:
    • Winners (22): 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991. 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005

Ice hockey[edit]

Bandy[edit]

League History[edit]

Season to Season[edit]

Season Level Division Section Record Position Movements
1931 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 7 0 3 4 12-16 3 7th Relegated
1932 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) 5 4 0 1 10-4 8 1st Promoted
1933 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 5 6 3 20-14 16 2nd
1934 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 5 4 5 23-18 14 5th
1935 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 6 2 6 32-26 14 4th
1936 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 9 1 4 37-21 19 1st Champions
1937 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 8 4 2 58-24 20 2nd
1938 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 8 4 2 43-24 20 1st Champions
1939 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 13 7 4 2 40-18 18 2nd
1940-1941 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 12 4 2 6 22-30 10 5th
1943-1944 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 7 1 2 4 20-22 4 7th
1945 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 5 2 1 2 11-13 5 5th Relegated
1945-1946 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) 14 11 0 3 60-25 20 2nd Promoted
1946-1947 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 4 3 7 26-41 11 6th
1947-1948 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 14 6 2 6 33-27 14 5th
1948 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 15 6 6 3 32-20 18 4th
1949 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 5 4 13 27-55 10th Relegated
1950 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) East 18 13 3 2 56-17 29 2nd
1951 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) East 18 12 2 4 56-20 26 2nd
1952 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) West 18 12 3 3 63-27 27 1st Promoted
1953 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 7 3 8 28-22 17 6th
1954 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 9 4 5 31-18 22 3rd
1955 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 5 5 8 35-35 15 8th
1956 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 9 3 6 39-28 21 2nd
1957 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 5 8 5 26-26 18 6th
1958 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 9 2 7 45-34 20 5th
1959 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 18 4 5 9 28-39 13 8th
1960 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 5 8 9 44-51 18 9th
1961 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 7 7 8 42-41 21 6th
1962 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 6 4 12 33-57 16 11th Relegated
1963 Tier 2 Suomensarja (Division Two) East 22 20 1 1 127-18 41 1st Promoted
1964 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 14 6 2 42-18 34 1st Champions
1965 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 12 5 5 50-30 29 2nd
1966 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 10 7 5 46-30 27 2nd
1967 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 11 3 8 59-38 25 5th
1968 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 11 7 4 51-30 29 3rd
1969 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 11 5 6 50-32 27 3rd
1970 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 9 7 6 37-26 25 5th
1971 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 26 10 11 5 46-32 31 4th
1972 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 10 1 11 24-32 21 9th
1973 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 14 5 3 36-21 33 1st Champions
1974 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 12 4 6 43-27 28 3rd
1975 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 8 2 12 29-37 18 8th
1976 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 12 5 5 40-25 29 3rd
1977 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 9 5 8 27-25 23 7th
1978 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 13 7 2 52-29 33 1st Champions
1979 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 29 14 7 8 48-36 35 3rd
1980 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 29 15 9 5 48-28 24 3rd
1981 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 29 17 5 7 57-32 25 1st Champions
1982 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 29 15 4 10 62-47 22 2nd
1983 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 29 15 9 5 61-37 25 2nd
1984 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 10 6 6 49-37 26 5th
1985 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 11 6 5 41-23 28(Preliminary) 1st Champions via Playoffs
1986 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 10 10 2 42-23 30 3rd
1987 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 22 15 3 4 38-14 33 1st Champions
1988 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 27 20 3 4 55-28 43 1st Champions
1989 Tier 1 SM-Sarja (Division One) 27 11 7 9 36-28 29 5th
1990 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 22 11 6 5 40-29 28(Preliminary) 1st Champions via Playoffs
1991 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 14 9 10 61-44 51 5th
1992 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 20 6 7 59-35 66 1st Champions
1993 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 29 15 4 10 34-26 49 3rd
1994 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 12 7 7 40-29 43 3rd
1995 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 14 10 2 44-18 52 3rd
1996 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 27 11 5 11 36-37 38 9th
1997 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 27 18 4 5 53-18 58 1st Champions
1998 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 27 9 11 7 33-31 38 4th
1999 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 29 20 5 4 53-18 65 2nd
2000 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 16 9 8 51-33 57 4th
2001 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 19 10 4 64-19 67 2nd
2002 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 29 20 5 4 51-21 65 1st Champions
2003 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 17 6 3 51-15 57 1st Champions
2004 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 9 12 5 42-31 39 6th
2005 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 15 7 4 43-26 52 2nd
2006 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 24 13 6 5 45-18 45 2nd
2007 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 7 13 6 31-25 34 7th
2008 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 14 5 7 47-29 47 4th
2009 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 14 10 2 45-21 52 1st Champions
2010 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 26 15 7 4 43-19 52 1st Champions
2011 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 26 3 4 86-23 81 1st Champions
2012 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 19 7 7 63-33 64 1st Champions
2013 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 22 7 4 78-25 73 1st Champions
2014 Tier 1 Veikkausliiga (Division One) 33 20 9 4 62-25 69 1st Champions

.[4][5]

Supporters and Rivalries[edit]

Local rivalries[edit]

HJK's main rivalries in Helsinki are considered KIF, HPS and HIFK. Those are the "big four" clubs in Helsinki together with 43 league and 11 cup titles. However these rivalries have slowly faded away due downfall of all three other clubs, HPS dropped from Mestaruusarja in 1964, HIFK in 1972 and KIF in 1978. From these HIFK is considered biggest rivalry, historically both clubs had wide support in many same neighbourhoods, especially Töölö and they often shared same grounds. They also had higher attendances than KIF or HPS. Due to success in many other sports, most notably ice hockey, HIFK still has strong support base in Finland. After this there have been only some short-term rivalries against various clubs including FC Jokerit, Viikingit, PK-35, FinnPa and Ponnistus, but none of these have drawn bigger popularity.

Helsinki-Lahti rivalry[edit]

HJK has competed against Lahti based clubs from 1960s, between 1963 and 1978 HJK and Lahden Reipas had a minor rivalry as both won 3 league titles and 2 runner-ups, HJK were 4 times 3rd and Reipas 3 times 3rd, Reipas also won 7 cup titles against 1 of HJK. A more notable rivalry was against Kuusysi from early 1980s to mid-1990s. Between 1981 and 1992 HJK won 6 league titles against Kuusysis 5, both clubs also won the cup twice, facing two times in finals (which were both won by HJK). Both clubs also performed well in European competitions. In 1996 the Lahti clubs merged and FC Lahti was born, HJK and FC Lahti matches are more known from outside of pitch, some crowd disturbances and small fights have occurred[6] which otherwise are rare in Finnish football. Due to a relatively short distance between the two cities, these matches often draw more notable away support than others.

HJK-Haka rivalry[edit]

HJK and Valkeakosken Haka are the two most successful clubs in Finnish football, HJK with 27 league and 12 cup titles and Haka with 9 league and 12 cup titles. The match is also considered as Urban-Rural rivalry as HJK is a club from Finland's biggest city Helsinki and Haka is representing the small town of Valkeakoski.

Current squad[edit]

As of 27 January 2015.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 Finland DF Alex Lehtinen
3 Ghana DF Gideon Baah
5 Finland DF Tapio Heikkilä
6 Finland MF Markus Heikkinen
8 The Gambia FW Demba Savage
11 Finland DF Veli Lampi
15 Finland MF Roni Peiponen
16 Finland DF Valtteri Moren
17 Finland FW Nikolai Alho
No. Position Player
20 Finland MF Matti Klinga
26 Finland MF Obed Malolo
27 Finland DF Sebastian Sorsa
28 Finland MF Rasmus Schüller
31 Finland MF Robin Lod
35 Finland GK Saku-Pekka Sahlgren
80 Finland MF Erfan Zeneli
TBA Finland GK Matias Sauramaa
  • *Dual registered with feeder team Klubi-04.

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
20 Finland FW Joel Pohjanpalo (on loan at Fortuna Düsseldorf)

Notable coaches[edit]

European campaigns[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Score Agg. Notes
1965–66 European Cup First round England Manchester United 2–3, 0–6 2–9
1967–68 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Poland Wisla Kraków 1–4, 0–4 1–8
1974–75 European Cup First round Malta Valletta 0–1, 4–1 4–2
Second round Sweden Åtvidabergs FF 0–3, 0–1 0–4
1975–76 UEFA Cup Prel. round Germany Hertha Berlin 1–4, 1–2 2–6
1979–80 European Cup First round Netherlands Ajax Amsterdam 1–8, 1–8 2–16
1982–83 European Cup First round Cyprus Omonia 0–2, 3–0 3–2
Second round England Liverpool 1–0, 0–5 1–5
1983–84 UEFA Cup Prel. round Soviet Union Spartak Moscow 0–2, 0–5 0–7
1984–85 UEFA Cup Prel. round Soviet Union Dinamo Minsk 0–4, 0–6 0–10
1985–86 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Albania Flamurtari Vlorë 3–2, 2–1 5–3
Second round East Germany Dynamo Dresden 1–0, 2–7 3–7
1986–87 European Cup First round Cyprus APOEL 0–1, 3–2 3–3 Away goal
1988–89 European Cup First round Portugal FC Porto 0–3, 2–0 2–3
1989–90 European Cup First round Italy AC Milan 0–4, 0–1 0–5
1991–92 European Cup First round Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 0–1, 0–3 0–4
1993–94 UEFA Champions League Qualification round Estonia Norma Tallinn 1–0, 1–1 2–1
First round Belgium Anderlecht 0–3, 0–3 0–6
1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Faroe Islands B71 Sandur 5–0, 2–0 7–0
Second round Turkey Beşiktaş 0–2, 1–1 1–3
1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 5 France Bordeaux 1–1 1–1 Placed 3rd
Republic of Ireland Bohemians 3–2 3–2
Sweden IFK Norrköping 1–1 1–1
Denmark OB Odense 1–2 1–2
1996–97 UEFA Cup Prel. round Armenia Pyunik Yerevan 1–3, 5–2 6–5
First round Ukraine Chernomorets Odessa 2–2, 0–2 2–4
1997–98 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Serbia and Montenegro Red Star Belgrade 1–0, 0–3 1–3
1998–99 UEFA Champions League First round Armenia FC Yerevan 2–0, 3–0 5–0
Second round France FC Metz 1–0, 1–1
Group F Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1–2, 1–3 Placed 4th
Germany 1. FC Kaiserslautern 0–0, 2–5
Portugal Benfica 2–0, 2–2
1999–00 UEFA Cup Qual. round Armenia Shirak Gyumri 2–0, 0–1 2–1
First round France Lyon 0–1, 1–5 1–6
2000–01 UEFA Cup Qual. round Luxembourg CS Grevenmacher 4–1, 0–2 4–3
First round Scotland Celtic 0–2, 2–1 2–3 After extra time
2001–02 UEFA Cup Qual. round Latvia FK Ventspils 2–1, 1–0 3–1
First round Italy Parma 0–1, 0–2 0–3
2002–03 UEFA Cup Qual. round Belarus FC Gomel 0–1, 0–4 0–5
2003–04 UEFA Champions League First qual. round Northern Ireland Glentoran 0–0, 1–0 1–0
Second qual. round Hungary MTK Budapest 1–3, 1–0 2–3
2004–05 UEFA Champions League First qual. round Northern Ireland Linfield 1–0, 1–0 2–0
Second qual. round Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv 0–0, 0–1 0–1
2006–07 UEFA Cup Qual. round Republic of Ireland Drogheda United 1–1, 1–3 2–4
2007–08 UEFA Cup First qual. round Luxembourg FC Etzella Ettelbruck 2–0, 1–0 3–0
Second qual. round Denmark Aalborg BK 2–1, 0–3 2–4
2009–10 UEFA Europa League Second qual. round Lithuania FK Vėtra 1–0, 1–3 2–3
2010–11 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Lithuania FK Ekranas 0–1, 2–0 2–1
Third qual. round Serbia FK Partizan 0–3, 1–2 1–5
2010–11 UEFA Europa League Play-off Round Turkey Beşiktaş 0–2, 0–4 0–6
2011–12 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Wales Bangor City 3–0,10–0 13–0
Third qual. round Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 1–2, 0–1 1–3
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Play-off Round Germany Schalke 04 2–0, 1–6 3–6
2012–13 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Iceland KR Reykjavik 7–0, 2–1 9–1
Third qual. round Scotland Celtic 1–2, 0–2 1–4
2012–13 UEFA Europa League Play-off Round Spain Athletic Bilbao 0–6, 3–3 3–9
2013–14 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Estonia Nõmme Kalju 0–0, 1–2 1–2
2014–15 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Republic of Macedonia FK Rabotnički 0–0, 2–1 2–1
Third qual. round Cyprus APOEL 2–2, 0–2 2–4
2014–15 UEFA Europa League Play-Off Round Template:AT-VLAG SK Rapid Wien 2–1, 3–3 5–4
Group B Template:DK-VLAG Copenhagen 0–2, 2–1 Placed 3rd
Template:BE-VLAG Club Brugge 0–3, 1–2
Template:IT-VLAG Torino 0–2, 2–1

UEFA club competition record[edit]

As of 17 July 2013.

Competition Pld W D L GF GA
ECCC 56 21 6 29 79 89
ECWC 12 6 1 5 18 24
UCUP / UEL 36 11 2 23 34 77
UI 4 1 2 1 6 6
Total 108 39 11 58 137 196

UEFA Club Ranking[edit]

This is the current UEFA Club Ranking, including season 2014–15.[7]

Last update: 28 November 2014

Rank Team Points
144 Ukraine Karpaty Lviv 11.666
145 Sweden IF Elfsborg 11.545
146 France OGC Nice 11.383
France Sochaux 11.383
148 Finland HJK 11.140
149 Croatia Hajduk Split 11.100
150 Russia Rostov 11.066
Russia Alania Vladikavkaz 11.066
Russia Sibir Novosibirsk 11.066

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aalto, Seppo ym: Tähtien tarina: Helsingin jalkapalloklubi 100 vuotta. Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi, 2007. ISBN 978-952-92-2062-5.
  2. ^ Tuhkunen, Yrjö: Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi 1907–1957. Helsinki: Laatupaino Oy, 1957.
  3. ^ http://www.hjk.fi/
  4. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/finhist.html
  5. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/fin2hist.html
  6. ^ http://www.mtv3.fi/uutiset/rikos.shtml/2009/03/842364/taas-joukkotappelu-hjk-lahti--ottelussa ,p. 3.
  7. ^ "UEFA Team Ranking 2012". www.xs4all.nl. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 

External links[edit]