HAL Kiran

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from HJT-16 Kiran)
Jump to: navigation, search
HJT-16 (Hindustan Jet Trainer) Kiran
Hindustan HJT-16 Kiran II Krivchikov 2007.jpg
Three HAL Kiran Mk II of the Surya Kiran in 2007
Role Basic Jet Trainer
Manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics
First flight 4 September 1964
Introduction 1968
Status In Service
Primary users Indian Air Force
Indian Navy
Number built 190

The HAL HJT-16 Kiran (Ray of Light) is an Indian two-seat intermediate jet trainer built by Hindustan Aeronautics. Used by the Indian Air Force for intermediate training for pilots trained on the HPT-32 Deepak. It is used by the Indian Air Force aerobatic team Surya Kiran and Indian naval aerobatic team Sagar Pawans.

Development[edit]

The Kiran was designed to meet an Indian air force requirement for a intermediate jet trainer. The first aircraft powered by the Rolls Royce Viper Mk 11 was flown for the first time on 4 September 1964.[1] The production aircraft was designated the Kiran I, and first pre-production deliveries were made to the Indian Air Force in March 1968. Later production aircraft were fitted with hardpoints under each wing for weapon training and redesignated as the Kiran IA. A total of 190 Mk I and 1A aircraft were built.[1] An uprated version powered by a 4,200 lbf (19,000 N) thrust Bristol Siddeley Orpheus engine and enhanced weapon-carrying capability was designated the Kiran II, which first flew on 30 July 1976,[2] and deliveries commenced in 1985 with 61 delivered by the time production ended in 1989.[3] During this period a pilot was killed during landing - the investigation found that the aircraft was fitted with 'expired' wheels from Dunlop whose shelf life was normally limited to 20 years.

Replacement[edit]

Kiran will be replaced with the new HAL HJT-36 trainer currently undergoing flight trials. The Indian Air Force has already placed orders for 12 such aircraft to replace the Kiran jets used by the Surya Kiran team.

Notable accidents[edit]

A Kiran Mk II of the Sagar Pawan Aerobatic Team of the Indian Navy crashed at Hyderabad during the Indian Aviation 2010 air show on 3 March 2010, killing both crewmembers.[4]

Variant[edit]

Kiran Mk.I
Two-seat intermediate jet trainer powered by a Rolls-Royce Viper turbo-jet engine. 118 built.[5][6]
Kiran Mk.IA
Two-seat intermediate jet trainer with armament capability. Two underwing hardpoints fitted. 72 built.[5][6]
Kiran Mk.II
Improved version with four hardpoints and integral twin 7.62 mm machine guns in nose and a Bristol Siddeley Orpheus engine.[2][3]

Operators[edit]

 India

Specification (Kiran IA)[edit]

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982-83 [5]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • two 500lb (227kg) bombs or two SNEB rocket pods containing seven 68 mm rockets or two pods with 7.62 mm machine guns, or two 50-Imp Gal (226 litre) drop tanks

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Taylor 1982, p.92.
  2. ^ a b Taylor 1988, p.98.
  3. ^ a b Donald and Lake 1996, p.201.
  4. ^ BBC News -India Navy plane crashes at air show, killing pilots
  5. ^ a b c Taylor 1982, pp. 92–93.
  6. ^ a b Donald and Lake 1996, p.200.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Donald, David; Jon Lake (1996). Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft (Single volume ed.). London: Aerospace Publishing. ISBN 1-874023-95-6. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1982). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982-83. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1988). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988-89. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.