HLA-B57

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Illustration of HLA-B with peptide in the binding pocket.
HLA-B (alpha)-β2MG with bound peptide
major histocompatibility complex (human), class I, B57
Alleles *5701, *5702, *5703, *5704
Structure (See HLA-B)
Shared data
Locus chr.6 6p21.31

HLA-B57 (B57) is an HLA-B serotype. B57 is a split antigen from the B17 broad antigen, the sister serotype B58.[1] The serotype identifies the more common HLA-B*58 gene products.[2] (For terminology help see: HLA-serotype tutorial) Like B58, B57 is involved in drug-induced inflammatory skin disorders.

Serotype[edit]

B57 and B17 serotype recognition of some more common HLA B*57 alleles[3]
B*57 B57 B17 Sample
allele  %  % size (N)
*5701 92 5 3670
*5702 78 8 65
*5703 85 6 412
*5704 67 7 32

Allele distribution[edit]

HLA B*5701 frequencies
freq
ref. Population (%)
[4] South Africa Natal Tamil 10.2
[4] India Tamil Nadu Nadar 8.2
[4] Spain E. Andalusia Gipsy 7.1
[4] Ireland South 5.8
[4] India North Delhi 4.9
[4] India New Delhi 3.8
[4] Ireland Northern 3.8
[4] Azores Central Islands 3.6
[4] Cuban White 3.6
[4] France South East 3.5
[4] China Guangzhou Han 3.3
[4] China North Han 3.3
[4] Czech Republic 3.3
[4] Russia Tuva (2) 3.3
[4] Cape Verde NW Islands 3.2
[4] Azores Terceira Island 3.1
[4] Portugal South 3.1
[4] Thailand (3) 3.1
[4] Uganda Kampala 3.1
[4] Portugal Centre 3.0
[4] Tunisia 3.0
[4] India Andhra Pradesh Golla 2.9
[4] Belgium 2.0
[4] China Inner Mongolia 2.0
[4] Croatia 2.0
[4] SP Javanese Indonesians 2.0
[4] Singapore Riau Malay 2.0
[4] India North Hindus 1.9
[4] Bulgaria 1.8
[4] Thailand 1.8
[4] Finland 1.7
[4] Macedonia pop 4 1.6
[4] Madeira 1.6
[4] Indig. Australian Cape York Penin. 1.5
[4] Israel Arab Druse 1.5
[4] Sudanese 1.5
[4] Morocco Nador Metalsa (Berber) 1.4
[4] Oman 1.3
[4] Mexico Mestizos 1.2
[4] Zambia Lusaka 1.1
[4] Shijiazhuang Tianjian Han 1.0
[4] Iran Baloch 1.0
[4] USA Asian 1.0


HLA B*5702 frequencies
freq
ref. Population (%)
[4] Zambia Lusaka 2.3
[4] Senegal Niokholo Mandenka 1.6
[4] Kenya 1.4
[4] Mali Bandiagara 1.1
[4] South African Natal Zulu 1.0
B*5703
[4] Zambia Lusaka 5.7
[4] Cameroon Bakola Pygmy 5.0
[4] Ivory Coast Akan Adiopodoume 4.6
[4] Zimbabwe Harare Shona 4.4
[4] South African Natal Zulu 4.0
[4] Cameroon Bamileke 3.2
[4] Cameroon Beti 3.2
[4] Kenya Nandi 2.9
[4] Israel Ashk. & Non-Ashk. Jews 2.8
[4] Cameroon Yaounde 2.7
[4] Tunisia Tunis 2.3
[4] Saudi Arabia Guraiat and Hail 1.5

Disease[edit]

HLA-B*5701 is associated with drug-induced inflammatory disease of the skin. Individuals with B57 are more sensitive to the drug abacavir.[5] Abacavir is an antiretroviral drug used in treatment of HIV, however in sensitive individuals fever, skin rash, fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain and respiratory symptoms such as pharyngitis, dyspnea, or cough can develop. FDA has advised that people from at-risk ethnic groups, (see table on the left) be screened prior to drug-therapy.[6] [Note: phenotype frequencies are roughly double allele frequencies -tabled values- when allele frequency is less than 30%]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ways JP, Coppin HL, Parham P (1985). "The complete primary structure of HLA-Bw58". J. Biol. Chem. 260 (22): 11924–33. PMID 2995352. 
  2. ^ Marsh SG, Albert ED, Bodmer WF, et al. (2005). "Nomenclature for factors of the HLA system, 2004". Tissue Antigens 65 (4): 301–69. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0039.2005.00379.x. PMID 15787720. 
  3. ^ derived from IMGT/HLA
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh Middleton D, Menchaca L, Rood H, Komerofsky R (2003). "New allele frequency database: http://www.allelefrequencies.net". Tissue Antigens 61 (5): 403–7. doi:10.1034/j.1399-0039.2003.00062.x. PMID 12753660. 
  5. ^ Chung WH, Hung SI, Chen YT (August 2007). "Human leukocyte antigens and drug hypersensitivity". Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 7 (4): 317–23. doi:10.1097/ACI.0b013e3282370c5f. PMID 17620823. 
  6. ^ http://www.fda.gov/cder/drug/InfoSheets/HCP/abacavirHCP.htm FDA abacavir alert web access July 29, 2008