||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (October 2009)|
|Founded||New York, New York, United States (1885 )|
|Number of locations||New York, Los Angeles, London, and Shanghai|
|Key people||Susan Boyle, John Gering, Jennifer Brayer, Richard Brennan, Thomas Gasbarro, Scott Herrick, John Mack, David Swartz|
|Services||Architecture, Building Services/MEP Engineering, Graphics, Interior Design, Strategy & Discovery, Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering, Sustainable Design and Urban Design, Landscape & Planning|
HLW is an international architecture and design consultancy, with headquarters in New York City, with offices in Los Angeles, London and Shanghai. It is one of the oldest surviving architectural firms in the United States, tracing its beginnings to 1885 in New York.
- 1 Predecessor firms
- 1.1 Cyrus L. W. Eidlitz (1885-1910)
- 1.2 Eidlitz & McKenzie (1900-1910)
- 1.3 McKenzie, Voorhees, Gmelin, and Walker (1910-1926)
- 1.4 Voorhees, Gmelin and Walker (1926-1940)
- 1.5 Voorhees, Walker, Foley & Smith (1940-1955)
- 1.6 Voorhees, Walker, Smith & Smith (1955-1959)
- 1.7 Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines (1959-1964)
- 1.8 Smith, Smith Lundberg & Waehler (1964-1968)
- 2 History of Haines, Lundberg & Waehler (1968-present)
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Cyrus L. W. Eidlitz (1885-1910)
The firm traces its origins to 1885, when Cyrus L.W. Eidlitz worked on the design of the Metropolitan Telephone Building on Cortlandt Street between Broadway and Church Street in Manhattan. Eidlitz was the son of noted architect and a founder of the American Institute of Architects Leopold Eidlitz and nephew of Marc Eidlitz, a major New York builder. The commission began the firm’s long association with what was to become the New York Telephone Company and, later, Verizon.
Works as C.L.W. Eidlitz:
- 1885 - Alexander Graham Bell commissions first Manhattan telephone building
Eidlitz & McKenzie (1900-1910)
Eidlitz formed a partnership with structural engineer Andrew C. McKenzie, establishing the firm of Eidlitz & McKenzie, to pioneer a new building design. With Andrew McKenzie, he formed one of the first architecture firms that put architects and engineers on equal footing. Eidlitz and McKenzie worked primarily on telephone buildings, a new building type in the period.
In 1905, the firm designed one of New York’s first and most famous skyscrapers, The New York Times Building on the site then renamed Times Square in its honor. The task was complicated by the simultaneous construction of a subway at the building’s foundation.
Works as Eidlitz & McKenzie:
- 1900-1909 - The New York Times Tower, No. 1 Times Square
McKenzie, Voorhees, Gmelin, and Walker (1910-1926)
In 1910, Eidlitz withdrew from the firm. Stephen F. Voorhees and Paul Gmelin, already with the firm became partners and Eidlitz and McKenzie was reorganized and renamed as McKenzie, Voorhees and Gmelin. This became a tradition of the firm: partners choosing their successors from within the firm in order to establish a smooth transfer of ownership. Over the next fifteen years, the firm added notable designs for clients in the telephone, banking and R&D industries, including labs for Western Electric (1922), the South Brooklyn Savings Bank (1924) and the Brooklyn Municipal Building (1924).
Works as McKenzie, Voorhees, Gmelin, and Walker:
- 1910-1919 - New York Telephone Building
Voorhees, Gmelin and Walker (1926-1940)
For the next decade, the design and construction of a series of skyscrapers began at the firm with the hiring of Ralph T. Walker. Notable structures such as the Barclay-Vesey Building, the Western Union Building (at 60 Hudson Street (New York City) in Manhattan and is today a central technical facility for over 100 telecom companies); Salvation Army Headquarters (New York City) (completed in 1930 and remaining as the Salvation Army’s headquarters today) and, in 1931, the 50-story Irving Trust Headquarters Building at One Wall Street in Lower Manhattan were all completed.
During the Great Depression Walker and Voorhees worked on the 1933 Century of Progress International Exposition in Chicago and the 1939 New York World's Fair. The firm's Petroleum Industries Pavilion (1939) was critically well received.
Works as Voorhees, Gmelin and Walker:
- 1920-1929 - Irving Trust Company office tower, designed by Ralph T. Walker
- 1930-1939 - Chicago World’s Fair
Voorhees, Walker, Foley & Smith (1940-1955)
During World War II, the firm’s contribution to the war effort began with a commission to design Army Air Corps bases in Trinidad. Laboratories geared to defense follow, along with structures at the Brooklyn Navy Yard and facilities necessary for the transport of heavy military equipment.
In 1941, the first phase of the new Bell Telephone Laboratories was completed on 250 acres (1.0 km2) at Murray Hill, New Jersey. The project introduced the flexible-modular approach to laboratory design, demonstrating an efficient use of space and accommodating 6,000 scientists, engineers, and administrators dedicated to the study of sound and sound transmission. Bell Labs foreshadowed the subsequent postwar movement of research labs from converted manufacturing plants to separate facilities in suburban locations.
During this period, Benjamin Lane Smith, one of the firm’s chief designers, became a partner; however the firm’s name remained Voorhees, Walker, Foley & Smith.
Projects of note during this period included Argonne National Laboratory (the research center for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in Lemont, Illinois) and the Savannah River Plant in Aiken, South Carolina which was built on a site larger than the entire island of Manhattan.
Works as Voorhees, Walker, Foley & Smith:
- 1940-1945 - Bell Telephone Research Laboratory
Voorhees, Walker, Smith & Smith (1955-1959)
In 1955, Voorhees, Walker, Smith & Smith was formed, reflecting Foley's departure and Benjamin Lane Smith earlier inclusion as partner.
Works as Voorhees, Walker, Smith & Smith:
- 1950-1959 - School of Engineering, Columbia University
Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines (1959-1964)
In 1959, Charles Haines, a principal contributor to the firm's design work for research facilities, became a partner. Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines was formed. The main office of the company was located at 101 Park Avenue, New York City. The original building was replaced by a new building at the same location with the same address. During the 1959-1964 period, a branch office was located at 2 Park Avenue.
Works as Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines:
- 1960-1969 - NASA/Goddard Space Center
- 1961 - Stony Brook University Campus
- 1961 - Eleutherian Mills Historical Library (since 1984 the Hagley Library).
Smith, Smith Lundberg & Waehler (1964-1968)
With the celebration of its seventy-fifth anniversary in the early 1960s the firm began to expand its operations internationally. At the same time, the office continued to design extensive testing and research facilities for both private and government clients within the United States. One notable example of this work was the Goddard Space Flight Center, a multi-building project for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, was completed in 1965 to implement President John F. Kennedy’s commitment to put a man on the moon. With the retirements of Benjamin Lane Smith in 1966 and Perry Coke Smith in 1968, the Smith names were dropped from the firm of Haines, Lundberg Waehler.
Works as Smith, Smith Lundberg & Waehler :
- 1968 - Searle Chemistry Labaratory, University of Illinois at Chicago
History of Haines, Lundberg & Waehler (1968-present)
Following Perry Coke Smith's retirement in 1968, the firm's name was changed to Haines, Lundberg Waehler or HLW. International projects allowed the firm to bring their designs outside the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s, including the Centro Sperimentale Metallurgico, a research center for the development of steel projects was completed on a 125-acre (0.51 km2) site outside Rome and the International Institute Of Tropical Agriculture, a research and housing facility on a 3,000-acre (12 km2) site in Ibadan, Nigeria. In order to accommodate growth in its overseas practice, the firm created a new division of operations, HLW International, with its first offices in Beirut and then in Athens with projects extending to Lebanon and Saudi Arabia.
In 1982, the first Midtown Manhattan office of the U.S. Trust Corporation was restored by the firm to the original 1896 design by McKim Mead and White, while accommodating the requirements of a 1980s office. HLW won awards from the New York Landmarks Conservancy, the Building Owners and Managers Association, and the Metropolitan Chapter of the Victorian Society in America. In 1983, significant modifications were made for the existing Chemical Bank World Headquarters at 277 Park Avenue in Manhattan. This design included the enclosure of an existing plaza to create Chemcourt, which provided the city with a park-like enclosed space.
Exactly 100 years after the firm’s beginning with a commission to design the first telephone building in New York, a new project for NYNEX Corporation was initiated, as was a training center for The Travelers Insurance Companies in Hartford, Connecticut.
In the decades since HLW’s 100th anniversary, the firm has extended to broadcast, film and television industries. For Fox Studios in Los Angeles, HLW created a 50-acre (200,000 m2) campus that housed the first fully digital network broadcast center. The project incorporated several buildings, creative site/landscape design and over 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of historical renovations. When Avon Products hired the firm to design a new global research and design center, HLW relocated the company from its old space into its new 227,500-square-foot (21,140 m2) facility in New York. Additional 21st century work include the United Nations Secretariat Building and North Lawn Conference Building, and Google’s East Coast Headquarters at 111 Eighth Avenue.
Selected Works as HLW:
- 1960-1969 - NASA/Goddard Space Center
- 1970-1979 - American Cyanamid Company
- 1980-1989 - Schering-Plough Corporate Headquarters
- 1990-2000 - Twentieth Century Fox
- 2000-2001 - Bloomberg, Level (3) Communications
- 2001 - SAP Global Marketing Headquarters, 2001 Business Week/Architectural Record Award
- 2002 - Harborside Financial Plaza 10
- 2003 - Random House Headquarters
- 2004 - The McGraw-Hill Companies, London Headquarters
- 2005 - United Nations, Capital Master Plan
- 2006 - Google, East Coast Headquarters
- 2007 - United Nations Federal Credit Union
- 2008 - Dechert LLP
- 2009 - Hilton Hotels Grand Vacations Club, WPVI
- 2010 - ESPN Digital Centers
- 2011 - JetBlue Headquarters
- 2012 - Fordham University Gabelli
- 2013 - YouTubeSpace LA
- Shepley Bulfinch, of Boston, is widely regarded as the oldest firm in the U.S., tracing its roots back to H. H. Richardson's independent practice begun in 1874. See http://www.traditional-building.com/Previous-Issues-09/AprilProfile09.html
- An 1896 profile of Eidlitz lists his earlier works. Montgomery Schuyler, "C.L.W. Eidlitz," Architectural Record V (April 1896): 411-35.
- Print of Telephone and Telegraph Building Amazon.com
- New York Times (15 Oct 2001)
- NY Times
- "Questionnaire for Architects' Roster and/or Register of Architects Qualified for Federal Works"  26 September 1946
- "1939: Architecture - Archive Article - MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- "Architecture and Design". Stony Brook University Special Collection and Archives. SUNY Stony Brook. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines (1961). State University of New York, Long Island Center, Stony Brook-Setauket, New York :[developers]. Stony Brook University Library Archives LD3844 .S82: Voorhees, Walker, Smith, Smith & Haines.
- "Smith, Smith, Haines, Lundberg and Waehler". University of Illinois at Chicago Archival Photographics Files.