HMAS Advance (P 83)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
RAN-IFR 2013 D3 24.JPG
HMAS Advance on Sydney Harbour in October 2013
Career (Australia)
Builder: Walkers Limited, Queensland
Laid down: March 1967
Launched: 16 August 1967
Commissioned: 24 January 1968
Decommissioned: 6 February 1988
Motto: "Never Look Back"
Status: Museum ship at the Australian National Maritime Museum
Badge: Ship's badge
General characteristics
Class & type: Attack class patrol boat
Displacement: 100 tons standard
146 tons full load
Length: 107.6 ft (32.8 m) length overall
Beam: 20 ft (6.1 m)
Draught: 6.4 ft (2.0 m) at standard load
7.3 ft (2.2 m) at full load
Propulsion: 2 × 16-cylinder Paxman YJCM diesel engines
3,460 shp (2,580 kW)
2 shafts
Speed: 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph)
Range: 1,200 nautical miles (2,200 km; 1,400 mi) at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)
Complement: 3 officers, 16 sailors
Armament: 1 × Bofors 40 mm gun
2 × .50 calibre M2 Browning machine guns
Small arms

HMAS Advance (P 83) was an Attack class patrol boat of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Constructed during 1967 and commissioned into the RAN in 1968, Advance operated from Darwin and patrolled northern Australian waters.

During her career, the patrol boat shadowed a Soviet trawler, survived Cyclone Tracy, was used for filming of the television series Patrol Boat, and participated in the RAN's first anti-terrorism patrol of the North West Shelf. Advance was replaced in 1980, but continued to operate as a training ship until she was decommissioned in 1988.

Advance was donated to the Australian National Maritime Museum, which have maintained her in an operational condition. The vessel remains part of the museum's collection as of 2014.

Design and construction[edit]

The Attack class was ordered in 1964 to operate in Australian waters as patrol boats based on lessons learned through using the Ton class minesweepers on patrols of Borneo during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, and to replace a variety of old patrol, search-and-rescue, and general-purpose craft.[1] Initially, nine were ordered for the RAN, with another five for Papua New Guinea's Australian-run coastal security force, although another six ships were ordered to bring the class to twenty vessels.[1] The patrol boats had a displacement of 100 tons at standard load and 146 tons at full load, were 107.6 feet (32.8 m) in length overall, had a beam of 20 feet (6.1 m), and draughts of 6.4 feet (2.0 m) at standard load, and 7.3 feet (2.2 m) at full load.[2][1] Propulsion machinery consisted of two 16-cylinder Paxman YJCM diesel engines, which supplied 3,460 shaft horsepower (2,580 kW) to the two propellers.[2][1] The vessels could achieve a top speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph), and had a range of 1,200 nautical miles (2,200 km; 1,400 mi) at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph).[2][1] The ship's company consisted of three officers and sixteen sailors.[2] Main armament was a bow-mounted Bofors 40 mm gun, supplemented by two .50 calibre M2 Browning machine guns and various small arms.[2][1] The ships were designed with as many commercial components as possible: the Attacks were to operate in remote regions of Australia and New Guinea, and a town's hardware store would be more accessible than home base in a mechanical emergency.[3]

Advance was laid down by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, Queensland in March 1967,[citation needed] launched on 16 August 1967, and commissioned on 24 January 1968.[4] It was the third ship of its class.[5]

Operational history[edit]

Advance operated out of HMAS Coonawarra in Darwin, Northern Territory between 1968 and 1980.[3] As well as the standard duties for her class, Advance was also used for surveillance, search-and-rescue, and hydrographic survey (in company with the survey ship HMAS Moresby).[3][4]

During 1968, Advance and sister ship Attack shadowed the Soviet trawler Van Gogh, which operated in the Gulf of Carpenteria for two months.[4][6]

Advance and three other patrol boats were in Darwin Harbour on 25 December 1974, when Cyclone Tracy hit.[7] Advance and Assail managed to escape serious damage, but Attack was forced aground and suffered hull damage, and Arrow collided with Stoke's Hill Wharf and sank.[7]

During 1975 and 1976, Advance regularly operated as part of Operation Trochus: a concentrated effort to respond to illegal fishing vessels in northern Australian waters.[4]

Stern view of Advance

From late 1977, the patrol boat was assigned to HMAS Waterhen in Sydney for patrols along Australia's eastern coast,[4] but was redeployed elsewhere when necessary.

In 1979, Advance was one of two Attack class vessels used to portray the fictional HMAS Ambush; setting of the ABC television series Patrol Boat.[3][4]

Following her replacement by a Fremantle class patrol boat in 1980, Advance was reassigned as a training ship.[3] She was assigned to the Sydney Port Division of the Royal Australian Navy Reserve in February 1982.[4]

The patrol boat participated in the 1986 Naval Review.[4]

Decommissioning and preservation[edit]

Advance was decommissioned on 6 February 1988, and was transferred to the Australian National Maritime Museum (ANMM), where she remains as of 2014.[3][4][5]

The patrol boat has been maintained in operational condition by the ANMM; as of 2011 is was not open for public inspection.[3]

In October 2013 Advance participated in the International Fleet Review 2013 in Sydney, Australia, celebrating the centenary of the Royal Australian Navy.[8]

As of October 2014, the vessel is on permanent exhibition and open to the public for visiting.[5]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Ships since 1946, p. 86
  2. ^ a b c d e Blackman (ed.), Jane's Fighting Ships, 1968-69, p. 18
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The patrol boat, Australian National Maritime Museum
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mitchell, Past meets future
  5. ^ a b c "Australian National Maritime Museum - Vessels - HMAS Advance". Australian National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Frame, No Pleasure Cruise, p. 256
  7. ^ a b Jones, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 234
  8. ^ Commonwealth of Australia (2013). "Participating Warships: International Fleet Review, Sydney, Australia, 3–11 October 2013". www.navy.gov.au. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 

References[edit]

Books
  • Blackman, Raymond, ed. (1968). Jane's Fighting Ships, 1968-69 (71st ed.). London: Jane's Publishing Company. OCLC 123786869. 
  • Frame, Tom (2004). No Pleasure Cruise: the story of the Royal Australian Navy. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-233-4. OCLC 55980812. 
  • Gillett, Ross (1988). Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946. Brookvale, NSW: Child & Associates. ISBN 0-86777-219-0. OCLC 23470364. 
  • Jones, Peter (2001). "Towards Self Reliance". In Stevens, David. The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095. 
  • Lind, Lew (1986) [1982]. The Royal Australian Navy: Historic Naval Events Year by Year (2nd ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7301-0071-5. OCLC 16922225. 
News articles and websites

External links[edit]

  • The patrol boat, the Australian National Maritime Museum webpage for HMAS Advance

Coordinates: 33°52.15′S 151°11.995′E / 33.86917°S 151.199917°E / -33.86917; 151.199917 (HMAS Advance)