HMS Fantome (1901)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Fantome.
HMS Fantome in pre-war paint
Fantome in pre-war paint
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Fantome
Builder: Sheerness Dockyard, Kent
Laid down: 8 January 1900
Launched: 23 March 1901[1]
Christened: Miss Kennedy
Fate: Transferred to RAN
Career (Australia)
Name: HMAS Fantome
Acquired: 27 November 1914
Recommissioned: 27 July 1915
Decommissioned: 14 January 1919
Fate: Transferred to RN
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Fantome
Acquired: April 1920
Fate: Sold at Sydney on 30 January 1925[1]
General characteristics
Class & type: Cadmus-class sloop
Displacement: 1,070 tons[1]
Length: 210 ft (64 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Draught: 11.5 ft (3.5 m)
Installed power: 1,400 hp (1,044 kW)[2]
Propulsion:
  • Two Niclausse boilers
  • Two Babcock boilers[2]
  • Three-cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engine
  • Twin screws[1]
Sail plan: Barquentine-rigged, later removed
Endurance: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h)[1]
Complement: 130[3]
Armament:

As built:

For survey:

  • 1 × 3-pounder QF gun

For WWI patrol duties:[4]

Armour: Protective deck of 1 to 1.5 in (2.5 to 3.8 cm) steel over machinery and boilers[1]

HMS Fantome was an Cadmus-class sloop launched in 1901, transferred to the Royal Australian Navy in 1914, returned to the Royal Navy in 1920, and sold in 1924. She was the fourth ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name, which is from the French fantôme, meaning "ghost".

Design[edit]

Fantome was constructed of steel to a design by William White, the Royal Navy Director of Naval Construction.[1] Propulsion was provided by a three-cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engine developing 1,400 horsepower and driving twin screws.[1] The Cadmus class was an evolution of the Condor-class sloop, carrying more coal, which in turn gave a greater length and displacement. This class comprised the very last screw sloops built for the Royal Navy.

Sail plan[edit]

Fantome with sails removed and gantry erected c.1909

As designed and built the class was fitted with a barquentine-rigged sailplan. After Condor was lost in a gale in 1901, the Admiralty abandoned sails entirely.[5] Fantome had a gantry erected over her fore-mast sometime prior to 1909, which would have prevented use of her sails.

Armament[edit]

The class was armed with six 4in/25pdr (1 ton) quick-firing Mk III breech loaders and four 3-pounder quick-firing breech loaders, as well as several machine guns.[1] Fantome had her armament reduced to two QF 3-pounders for survey work,[6] and later increased again for patrol work during World War I.

Construction[edit]

HMS Fantome was laid down at Sheerness Royal Dockyard in Kent 8 January 1900,[7] and launched on 23 March 1901 when she was christened by Miss Kennedy, daughter of Vice-Admiral Sir William Kennedy, Commander-in-Chief, The Nore.[8] She was fitted with 2 Niclausse boilers manufactured by Messrs Humphrys and Tennant.[9]

Operational history[edit]

Venezuelan Affair[edit]

Fantome served on the North America and West Indies Station, including a period in late 1902 and early 1903 when, under Commodore Montgomerie in Charybdis, she enforced a blockade of the Venezuelan coast.

Fantome in dry dock at Halifax c.1903

Survey ship[edit]

From 1906, Fantome was operated by the Royal Naval survey service and conducted survey operations in Australian waters until the outbreak of war in 1914.

Transfer to the Royal Australian Navy[edit]

The ship was transferred to the Royal Australian Navy on 27 November 1914 and commissioned as HMAS Fantome, but was paid off in February 1915.[4] She was recommissioned on 27 July 1915 as a patrol vessel armed with two 4-inch and four 12-pounder guns.[4]

From September 1915 to September 1917, she operated in the Bay of Bengal and South China Sea as part of the Far East Patrol.[4] The duty was broadly uneventful and monotonous, and only concluded after the United States of America entered the war.[10] Conditions aboard were hot and cramped, vermin were rife, supplies were of low quality, and in 1916, the sloop was plagued with influenza; at one point only 19 of the 88 enlisted personnel were fit for duty.[11] In addition, the ship's commanding officer was both a strict disciplinarian and had little understanding of disciplinary regulations, and had been advised on several occasions that he had overstepped boundaries.[12] In mid 1917, the commanding officer initiated drilling practice, which was seen as an additional hardship by the sailors, particularly the overworked engine room personnel.[13] On 26 July, eight of the fifteen off-duty stokers disobeyed orders to assemble for practice, while the engine room personnel about to go on duty refused to do so until drilling practice ceased.[13] The eight off-duty and four of the on-duty stokers were arrested and charged with mutiny: they were sentenced by court martial to two years imprisonment in Goulburn Gaol, although the sentences were later commuted.[14] The commanding officer was criticised for his treatment of the ship's company considering the conditions they were operating in, and the British Admiralty organised the assignment of ten recruits to the ship to assist the engine room personnel.[15]

From late 1917, Fantome was based at Suva, Fiji and operated in the South Pacific performing police duties.[4] She conducted a punitive raid on Malekula in the New Hebrides in October 1918.[4]

Return to the Royal Navy[edit]

Fantome paid off on 14 January 1919 and was recommissioned into the Royal Navy in April 1920 for service as a survey ship.[4] After being converted for survey duties, the ship was heavily overcrowded (a vessel designed with a ship's company of 113 was required to carry 134 personnel in addition to surveying equipment), and post-war personnel shortages meant that a little over half the number of sailors required for general seaman duties were aboard.[16] In November 1920, after three months surveying work on the Great Barrier Reef, Fantome returned to Cairns.[17] The overworked general seamen hit the town hard, with seven court-martialled for drunkenness and related behaviour, while another nine deserted.[17] An inquiry concluded that the age and condition of the sloop was inappropriate for the expected duties, and the ship was marked for replacement at earliest opportunity.[17]

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

Fantome operated in Australian waters until she was paid off for disposal on 17 April 1924.[4] Survey duties in Australian waters were taken over by HMAS Moresby.[17]

The ship was sold for scrap at Sydney on 30 January 1925. Her hull was stripped to a bare hulk and used as a barge, mainly in Tasmania. She was finally sold for demolition in 1956.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Winfield, Rif; Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List, 1815-1889. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. 
  2. ^ a b "HMS Espiegle at Naval Database website". Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  3. ^ "Cadmus class at battleships-cruisers.co.uk". Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "HMAS Fantome". Sea Power Centre - Australia. Retrieved 8 September 2008. 
  5. ^ Fifty Years in the Royal Navy, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, Bt., John Murray, London, 1919, p. 37
  6. ^ "HMS Fantome at Naval Database website". Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Monday, 15 January 1900. (36039), p. 7.
  8. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Monday, 25 March 1901. (36411), p. 10.
  9. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Thursday, 5 September 1901. (36552), p. 4.
  10. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, p. 88
  11. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, pp. 88-9
  12. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, pp. 89-90
  13. ^ a b Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, pp. 91-2
  14. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, p. 92
  15. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, pp. 92-3
  16. ^ Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, p. 93
  17. ^ a b c d Frame & Baker, Mutiny!, p. 94

References[edit]

  • Frame, Tom; Baker, Kevin (2000). Mutiny! Naval Insurrections in Australia and New Zealand. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-351-8. OCLC 46882022. 

External links[edit]