HMAS Fremantle (J246)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMAS Fremantle.
HMAS Fremantle
Career (Australia)
Namesake: City of Fremantle, Western Australia
Builder: Evans Deakin & Co
Launched: 18 March 1942
Commissioned: 24 March 1943
Decommissioned: 25 January 1946
Recommissioned: 10 December 1952
Decommissioned: 22 June 1959
Motto: "Incorruptible"
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
Darwin 1943
Pacific 1943–45
Fate: Sold for scrap in 1961
Badge: HMAS fremantle crest.png
General characteristics
Class & type: Bathurst class corvette
Displacement: 650 tons (standard), 1,025 tons (full war load)
Length: 186 ft (57 m)
Beam: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Draught: 8.5 ft (2.6 m)
Propulsion: triple expansion engine, 2 shafts
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) at 1,750 hp
Complement: 85
Armament:

1 × QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mk XVI gun

Depth charges chutes and throwers

HMAS Fremantle (J246/M246), named for the port city of Fremantle, Western Australia, was one of 60 Bathurst class corvettes constructed during World War II, and one of 36 initially manned and commissioned solely by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).[1]

Construction[edit]

Fremantle was laid down by Evans Deakin & Co at Brisbane, Queensland.[citation needed] She was launched on 18 March 1942 by the wife of Prime Minister John Curtin,[citation needed] and commissioned into the RAN on 24 March 1943.[1]

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

When Fremantle entered active service in April 1943, she was immediately assigned to convoy escort duties along the east coast of Australia.[1] This continued until August 1943, when the corvette was assigned as a convoy escort between Darwin and Thursday Island.[1] She continued this duty until June 1945, when she was ordered to New Guinea waters to act as a guard ship.[1] Fremantle remained in New Guinea waters until the end of World War II.[1] The ship received two battle honours for her wartime service; "Darwin 1943" and "Pacific 1943–45".[2][3]

Following the war's end, Fremantle was sent to Hong Kong, where she joined the 21st Minesweeping Flotilla in August 1945 and was involved in mine clearance in Chinese waters.[1] On completion, the corvette returned to Australia, visiting her namesake city for the first time on 18 November 1945, before arriving in Melbourne and paying off into reserve on 25 January 1946.[1]

Post-war[edit]

Fremantle was recommissioned on 10 December 1952 as a training ship for National Service trainees.[1] Based in the port of Fremantle, the corvette was also involved in fisheries protection, monitoring of the Japanese pearling fleet, and hydrographic surveys.[1]

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

HMAS Fremantle paid off to reserve for the second time on 22 June 1959. She was sold for scrapping to Kinoshita (Australia) Pty Ltd on 6 January 1961.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "HMAS Fremantle (I)". HMA Ship Histories. Sea Power Centre – Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 23 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 

External links[edit]