HMAS Kapunda

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HMAS Kapunda
Career (Australia)
Namesake: Town of Kapunda, South Australia
Builder: Poole & Steel
Laid down: 27 August 1941
Launched: 23 June 1942
Commissioned: 21 October 1942
Decommissioned: 14 January 1946
Motto: Protect And Avenge
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
Pacific 1942–44
New Guinea 1943–44
Fate: Sold for scrap in 1961
General characteristics
Class & type: Bathurst class corvette
Displacement: 1,025 tons (full war load)
Length: 186 ft (57 m)
Beam: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Draught: 8.5 ft (2.6 m)
Propulsion: Triple expansion engine, 2 shafts, 1,800 hp
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph)
Complement: 77
Armament: 1 × 4-inch gun
3 × 20 mm Oerlikon guns
Depth charge chutes and throwers

HMAS Kapunda (J218/M218), named for the town of Kapunda, South Australia, was one of 60 Bathurst class corvettes constructed during World War II, and one of 36 initially manned and commissioned solely by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).[1]

Construction[edit]

Kapunda was laid down by Poole & Steel at Balmain, New South Wales on 27 August 1941.[1] She was launched on 23 June 1942 by Mary Quirk, the Member for Balmain in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, and was commissioned into the RAN on 21 October 1942.[1]

Operational history[edit]

Kapunda entered service as a convoy escort along the east coast of Australia.[1] Initially operating between Sydney and Brisbane, she was reassigned to the Queensland-New Guinea run in March 1943.[1] Kapunda fired in anger for the first time during March, when eight Japanese bombers and twelve Japanese fighter aircraft attacked a convoy escorted by Kapunda and sister ship Bendigo.[1] Anti-aircraft fire from the two corvettes drove the aircraft off.[1] On 12 April, a convoy under escort by the corvette was attacked by a formation of 37 Japanese aircraft.[1] Several aircraft were destroyed by combined fire from Kapunda and the merchant ships, but the merchantman MV Gorgon was successfully hit and started to burn.[1] Kapunda manoeuvred alongside the damaged ship and sent firefighting parties aboard, extinguishing the flames and helping Gorgon to proceed to port.[1]

On 1 April 1944, the corvette was redeployed to New Guinea.[1] Kapunda was tasked with convoy escort, anti-submarine patrol, and shore bombardment duties, and remained in the area until October 1944, when she returned to Sydney for refit.[1] After the refit concluded in late November, she returned to her duties in New Guinea, and with the exception of a brief docking in Darwin in June 1945, served in these roles until the end of World War II.[1]

Following the war, Kapunda was used to assist the evacuation of Allied prisoners-of-war from Kuching, and was the venue for the signing of the surrender of Japanese forces in the Kuching area, with Major General Yamamura signing the instrument of surrender on board.[1] Kapunda returned to Australian waters in November 1945.

The corvette received two battle honours for her wartime service: "Pacific 1942–45" and "New Guinea 1943–44".[2][3]

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

Kapunda was paid off into reserve on 14 January 1946.[1] She was marked for disposal on 30 December 1960, and was sold on 6 January 1961 to Kinoshita (Australia) Pty Ltd for breaking up as scrap.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "HMAS Kapunda (I)". HMA Ship Histories. Sea Power Centre – Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 26 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012.