HMAS Parramatta (U44)
|Namesake:||The Parramatta River|
|Builder:||Cockatoo Island Dockyard|
|Laid down:||9 November 1938|
|Launched:||10 June 1939|
|Commissioned:||8 April 1940|
Plus two inherited honours
|Fate:||Torpedoed and sunk on 27 November 1941 by U-559|
|Class & type:||Grimsby class sloop|
|Displacement:||1,060 tons (standard), 1,515 tons (full load)|
|Length:||266 ft (81 m)|
|Beam:||36 ft (11 m)|
|Draught:||7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)|
|Propulsion:||Parsons, steam turbines, 2 shafts. 2,000 shp|
|Speed:||16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph)|
|Armament:||3 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk XVI anti-aircraft guns
4 × 3-pounder guns, 1 × machine-gun, 2 × depth charge throwers, 2 × twin tubes for 21-inch torpedoes
HMAS Parramatta (U44) was a Grimsby class sloop of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Built during the late 1930s, Parramatta operated in the Red Sea and Mediterranean during World War II. The sloop was torpedoed by U-559 on 27 November 1941, and sank with 138 of the 162 aboard.
She was laid down on 9 November 1938 at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard at Sydney, New South Wales. She was launched on 10 June 1939 and commissioned into the RAN on 8 April 1940.
Shortly after commissioning, Parramatta commenced duty as a convoy escort.
While in the Mediterranean, Parramatta was one of several warships used to supply and support the Allied forces besieged at Tobruk, nicknamed the Tobruk Ferry Service. While operating off Tobruk on 24 June 1941, Parramatta, the British sloop HMS Auckland, and the petrol carrier Pass of Balmaha were attacked by over 70 dive bombers. The Australian warship shot down three aircraft during the engagement without receiving major damage, but Auckland was sunk. Parramatta later helped recover the 164 survivors.
On 27 November 1941, Parramatta was escorting transports resupplying the Allied garrison at Tobruk, when she was hit by a single torpedo from U-559 under the command of Hans Heidtmann. The damage was so significant that the sloop's captain only had time to order 'abandon ship' before Parramatta rolled to starboard and sank at . Only 24 aboard survived,  with 138 killed.
- Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, p. 154
- Goldrick, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 118
- Goldrick, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 124
- HMAS Parramatta (L 44 / U 44) Uboat.net
- "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Goldrick, James (2001). "World War II: The war against Germany and Italy". In Stevens, David. The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095.
- Hague, Arnold (1993). Sloops: A History of the 71 Sloops Built in Britain and Australia for the British, Australian and Indian Navies 1926–1946. Kendal, England: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-67-3.
- Stevens, David (2005). A Critical Vulnerability: the impact of the submarine threat on Australia's maritime defense 1915-1954. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 15. Canberra: Sea Power Centre Australia. ISBN 0-642-29625-1. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 62548623.
- Sea Power Centre Australia - HMAS Parramatta (II)
- Gillett, Ross (1977). Warships of Australia. MacDougall, Anthony; Graham, Colin (illustrations). Adelaide, SA: Rigby. ISBN 0-7270-0472-7. OCLC 4466019.
- The Price of Admiralty, Paul McGuire, Lieutenant RANVR and Frances M. McGuire, Oxford United Press, 1944.
- HMAS Parramatta (II) RAN Ship Histories
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