HMAS Parramatta (U44)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMAS Parramatta.
HMAS Parramatta (AWM 301145).jpg
HMAS Parramatta
Career (Australia)
Namesake: The Parramatta River
Builder: Cockatoo Island Dockyard
Laid down: 9 November 1938
Launched: 10 June 1939
Commissioned: 8 April 1940
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:'
Libya 1941
Plus two inherited honours
Fate: Torpedoed and sunk on 27 November 1941 by U-559
General characteristics
Class & type: Grimsby class sloop
Displacement: 1,060 tons (standard), 1,515 tons (full load)
Length: 266 ft (81 m)
Beam: 36 ft (11 m)
Draught: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)
Propulsion: Parsons, steam turbines, 2 shafts. 2,000 shp
Speed: 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph)
Complement: 135
Armament: 3 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk XVI anti-aircraft guns
4 × 3-pounder guns, 1 × machine-gun, 2 × depth charge throwers, 2 × twin tubes for 21-inch torpedoes

HMAS Parramatta (U44) was a Grimsby class sloop of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Built during the late 1930s, Parramatta operated in the Red Sea and Mediterranean during World War II. The sloop was torpedoed by U-559 on 27 November 1941, and sank with 138 of the 162 aboard.

Construction[edit]

She was laid down on 9 November 1938 at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard at Sydney, New South Wales. She was launched on 10 June 1939 and commissioned into the RAN on 8 April 1940.

Operational history[edit]

Shortly after commissioning, Parramatta commenced duty as a convoy escort.

Parramatta was assigned to the Red Sea Force in July 1940, and arrived in Aden at the month's end.[1] The sloop was later transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet.[2]

While in the Mediterranean, Parramatta was one of several warships used to supply and support the Allied forces besieged at Tobruk, nicknamed the Tobruk Ferry Service. While operating off Tobruk on 24 June 1941, Parramatta, the British sloop HMS Auckland, and the petrol carrier Pass of Balmaha were attacked by over 70 dive bombers.[2] The Australian warship shot down three aircraft during the engagement without receiving major damage, but Auckland was sunk.[2] Parramatta later helped recover the 164 survivors.[2]

Loss[edit]

On 27 November 1941, Parramatta was escorting transports resupplying the Allied garrison at Tobruk,[citation needed] when she was hit by a single torpedo from U-559 under the command of Hans Heidtmann.[3] The damage was so significant that the sloop's captain only had time to order 'abandon ship' before Parramatta rolled to starboard and sank[3] at 32°20′N 24°35′E / 32.333°N 24.583°E / 32.333; 24.583.[4] Only 24 aboard survived, [4] with 138 killed.[3]

The sloop's wartime service was later recognised by the battle honour "Libya 1941".[5][6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, p. 154
  2. ^ a b c d Goldrick, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 118
  3. ^ a b c Goldrick, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 124
  4. ^ a b HMAS Parramatta (L 44 / U 44) Uboat.net
  5. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 32°20′N 24°35′E / 32.333°N 24.583°E / 32.333; 24.583