HMAS Toowoomba (J157)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMAS Toowoomba.
HMAS Toowoomba during sea trials in 1941
HMAS Toowoomba during sea trials in 1941
Career (Australia)
Namesake: City of Toowoomba, Queensland
Builder: Walkers Limited in Maryborough, Queensland
Laid down: 6 August 1940
Launched: 26 March 1941
Commissioned: 9 October 1941
Decommissioned: 5 July 1946
Motto: "Fearless"
Honours and
awards:
Battle honours:
Pacific 1942
Indian Ocean 1942–44
Fate: Transferred to RNN
Career (Netherlands)
Name: Boeroe
Commissioned: 5 July 1946
Out of service: 1958
Fate: Removed from service
General characteristics
Class & type: Bathurst class corvette
Displacement: 650 tons (standard), 1,025 tons (full war load)
Length: 186 ft (57 m)
Beam: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Draught: 8.5 ft (2.6 m)
Propulsion: triple expansion engine, 2 shafts
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) at 1,750 hp
Complement: 85
Armament: 1 × 4-inch gun (later replaced by 1 × 12-pounder gun, then reinstalled)
3 × 20 mmOerlikons (later 2)
1 × 40 mm Bofors (installed later)
Machine guns
Depth charges chutes and throwers

HMAS Toowoomba (J157/B251/A125), named for the city of Toowoomba, Queensland was one of 60 Bathurst class corvettes constructed during World War II and one of 20 built on Admiralty order but manned by personnel of and later commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).[1] The ship later served in the Royal Netherlands Navy (RNN) as HNLMS Boeroe.[1]

Construction[edit]

Toowoomba was laid down by Walkers Limited at Maryborough, Queensland on 6 August 1940.[1] She launched on 26 March 1941, in a ceremony presided over by Mrs. C. W. Lowther, the wife of a long serving employee of the shipyard.[1] Toowoomba was commissioned on 9 October 1941.[1]

Operational history[edit]

RAN[edit]

Toowoomba entered operational service immediately on commissioning.[1] She was initially based in Sydney, and was tasked with convoy escort duties along the east coast of Australia until January 1942, when Toowoomba and two sister ships were ordered to Batavia.[1] Toowoomba was in constant action over the next two months, and on 14 February was one of the last ships to enter Singapore Harbour before it was captured by the Japanese.[1]

Retreating to Fremantle, Western Australia after the capture of Singapore, Toowoomba was repaired and recommenced convoy escort duties, this time on the west coast of Australia and with a new captain and crew, until assignment to the British Eastern Fleet on 23 November 1942.[1] During this time, she was involved in escort and patrol duties across the Indian Ocean, reaching as far west as the Persian Gulf.[1] On 22 November 1944, Toowoomba was assigned to the newly created British Pacific Fleet, and operated with the fleet until returning to Fremantle on 3 December 1944 for refit.[1] The refit was completed in March 1945, and Toowoomba was assigned to escort and patrol duties between Australia and New Guinea until the end of hostilities.[1]

Following the end of World War II, Toowoomba spent time in Hong Kong, performing minesweeping and hydrological survey duties.[1] She returned to Australia in December 1945.[1]

The corvette earned two battle honours for her wartime service, "Pacific 1942" and "Indian Ocean 1942–44".[2][3]

RNN[edit]

On 5 July 1946, Toowoomba decommissioned from RAN service and immediately commissioned into the Royal Netherland Navy (RNN).[1] Renamed HNLMS Boeroe, she served with the RNN until 1958.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "HMAS Toowoomba (I)". Sea Power Centre Australia. Retrieved 15 September 2008. 
  2. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012.