HMAS Wollongong (FCPB 206)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMAS Wollongong.
Career (Australia)
Namesake: City of Wollongong, New South Wales
Builder: North Queensland Engineers & Agents, Cairns
Launched: 17 October 1981
Commissioned: 28 November 1981
Decommissioned: 11 February 2006
Homeport: HMAS Coonawarra
Motto: "Heed the Call"
Honours and
awards:
Six inherited battle honours
Fate: Decommissioned, awaiting disposal
Badge: Ship's badge
General characteristics
Class & type: Fremantle class patrol boat
Displacement: 220 tons
Length: 137.6 ft (41.9 m)
Beam: 25.25 ft (7.70 m)
Draught: 5.75 ft (1.75 m)
Propulsion: 2 MTU series 538 diesel engines, 3,200 shp (2,400 kW), 2 propellers
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph)
Complement: 22
Armament: One general purpose 40/60 mm Bofors gun
Two 12.7 mm machine guns
One 81 mm mortar (removed later)

HMAS Wollongong (FCPB 206), named for the city of Wollongong, New South Wales, was one of fifteen Fremantle class patrol boats to operate with the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).[1] Wollongong is the only RAN vessel to have appeared in two television series, portraying a fictional Fremantle class patrol boat in both.

Design and construction[edit]

Starting in the late 1960s, planning began for a new class of patrol boat to replace the Attack class, with designs calling for improved seakeeping capability, and updated weapons and equipment.[2] The Fremantles had a full load displacement of 220 tonnes (220 long tons; 240 short tons), were 137.6 feet (41.9 m) long overall, had a beam of 24.25 feet (7.39 m), and a maximum draught of 5.75 feet (1.75 m).[3] Main propulsion machinery consisted of two MTU series 538 diesel engines, which supplied 3,200 shaft horsepower (2,400 kW) to the two propeller shafts.[3] Exhaust was not expelled through a funnel, like most ships, but through vents below the waterline.[4] The patrol boat could reach a maximum speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph), and had a maximum range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph).[3] The ship's company consisted of 22 personnel.[3] Each patrol boat was armed with a single 40 mm Bofors gun as main armament, supplemented by two .50 cal Browning machineguns and an 81-mm mortar,[3] although the mortar was removed from all ships sometime after 1988.[citation needed] The main weapon was originally to be two 30-mm guns on a twin-mount, but the reconditioned Bofors were selected to keep costs down; provision was made to install an updated weapon later in the class' service life, but this did not eventuate.[4][5]

Wollongong was laid down by North Queensland Engineers and Agents (NQEA).[1] She was launched on 17 October 1981, and commissioned into the RAN on 28 November 1981.[1]

Operational history[edit]

A member of Wollongong's crew in 1991

In 1983, Wollongong was one of five ships used to portray HMAS Defiance in the second season of Patrol Boat.[6]

On 31 May 1985, Wollongong grounded on rocks at Gabo Island, causing extensive damage to the vessel.[4] Attempts to refloat the patrol boat were made at high tide on 31 May, but an oil rig tender was unable to tow Wollongong off the rocks, as the patrol boats propellers and shafts were pinned.[7] Running repairs, efforts to lighten the ship by removing loose equipment, and the assistance of salvage crews with floatation bags allowed the ship to be recovered at the evening high tide of 3 June.[8] After being towed to Eden for repairs, Wollongong was then towed to Cairns for rebuilding by NQEA, and returned to service in mid-to-late 1986.[4][8]

Fate[edit]

Wollongong was decommissioned on 11 February 2006.[1]

After being decommissioned from service, Wollongong one of two patrol boats used to portray HMAS Hammersley for the first season of the Australian television drama series Sea Patrol.[9] Wollongong, docked at HMAS Waterhen was used for scenes aboard and around the docked ship.[9] This footage was conflated with scenes shot aboard the operational HMAS Ipswich to create the fictional patrol boat.[9]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "HMAS Wollongong (II)". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  2. ^ Mitchell, Farewell to the Fremantle class, p. 105
  3. ^ a b c d e Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946, p. 89
  4. ^ a b c d Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946, p. 88
  5. ^ Jones, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 222
  6. ^ "Farewell to the Fremantle class" (PDF). Semaphore - Newsletter of the Sea Power Centre Australia (Issue 17). Sea Power Centre - Royal Australian Navy. October 2005. Retrieved 2008-08-21. "Launceston, Townsville, Warrnambool, Whyalla and Wollongong were all seen masquerading as the fictitious HMAS Defiance." 
  7. ^ Gillett, Australian Ships, pp. 135-6
  8. ^ a b Gillett, Australian Ships, p. 136
  9. ^ a b c Rollings, Barry (2006-11-02). "Ipswich switches over". Navy News. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 

References[edit]

  • Gillett, Ross (1988). Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946. Brookvale, NSW: Child & Associates. ISBN 0-86777-219-0. OCLC 23470364. 
  • Gillett, Ross (1989). Australian Ships. Frenchs Forest, NSW: Child & Associates. ISBN 0-86777-107-0. 
  • Jones, Peter (2001). "Towards Self Reliance". In Stevens, David. The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095. 
  • Mitchell, Brett (2007). "Farewell to the Fremantle Class". In Forbes, Andrew & Lovi, Michelle. Australian Maritime Issues 2006. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs (19). Sea Power Centre - Australia. ISBN 0-642-29644-8. ISSN 1327-5658. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
    • The chapter is available separately as Semaphore, Issue 17, 2005 in PDF and HTML formats.